musculoskeletal hardcore

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Author:
ercienne
ID:
51685
Filename:
musculoskeletal hardcore
Updated:
2010-11-26 16:41:48
Tags:
skel musc
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Description:
musculoskeletal
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  1. diarthroses
    movable joints
  2. amphiarthroses
    slightly movable joints
  3. synarthroses
    immovable joints
  4. ankyl/o
    stiffness, bent, crooked
  5. kyph/o
    hill, mountain (humpback)
  6. lamin/o
    lamina (part of vertebra)
  7. lord/o
    curve ("swayback")
  8. ped means 2 things
    foot and child
  9. scoli/o
    bent, crooked
  10. dactyl/o
    fingers, toes
  11. lumb/o
    loins, lower back
  12. pod
    foot
  13. spondyl/o
    vertebrae
  14. leiomy-
    smooth muscle
  15. rhabd/o
    rod shaped, striated
  16. -clasia
    surgical fracture
  17. -desis
    binding, fixation of a bone or joint
  18. -physis
    growth
  19. syn-
    together
  20. dry grating sound of bone on bone
    crepitation
  21. children's osteomalacia
    rickets
  22. removal of a segment of necrosed bone
    sequestrectomy
  23. muscles have the ability to (4)
    • contract
    • relax
    • be excited by a stimulus
    • return to original size and shape
  24. skeletal aka (2)
    • striated
    • voluntary
  25. voluntary muscles are called
    skeletal
  26. striated like skeletal, but involuntary like smooth
    cardiac muscle
  27. involuntary muscles are
    smooth (visceral)
  28. smooth muscle contraction is controlled by which nervous system?
    autonomic
  29. which is stronger, fleshy or fibrous attachment?
    fibrous
  30. which main 2 minerals do bones store?
    phosphorus and calcium
  31. another word for spongy bone
    cancellous
  32. another word for cancellous bone
    spongy
  33. diaphysis/epiphysis
    • diaphysis = long bone
    • epiphysis = ends
  34. what happens in red marrow?
    • erythropoiesis
    • leukopoeisis
    • platelet formation
  35. where are all cells and platelets made?
    red marrow
  36. where is the yellow marrow?
    in the medullary cavity, center of the bone
  37. another word for medullary cavity
    marrow cavity
  38. periosteum
    dense white fibrous membrane covering bone
  39. which is bigger, tubercle or tuberosity?
    tuberosity
  40. condyle is
    a round, articulating knob
  41. axial skeleton consists of
    • skull
    • rib cage
    • vertebral column
  42. appendicular skeleton consists of
    arms shoulders pelvis legs
  43. why do greenstick fractures only occur in children?
    children's bones have more collagen and tend to splinter rather than break completely
  44. osteomyelitis can be ____ or ____
    acute or chronic
  45. another word for spontaneous fractures
    pathological
  46. stiffening/freezing of the joints
    ankylosis
  47. prognosis for acute osteomyelitis is
    good
  48. prognosis for chronic osteomyelitis is
    poor
  49. chronic inflammation of bones, ending in thickening and softening
    Paget
  50. (bone) resorption
    loss of substance
  51. deformities from osteoporosis is usually caused by
    pathological fractures
  52. the arched-back curvature is called
    lordosis
  53. the hunched over curvature is called
    kyphosis
  54. what is the cause of myasthenia gravis?
    broken acetylcholine receptors

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