religion chapter 1 review questions

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religion chapter 1 review questions
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  1. What percent of the world believes in God?
    over 90 percent
  2. What are the three great monotheistic religions
    Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
  3. Hinduism is a monotheistic religion, true or false?
    false, it is polytheistic.
  4. A deist believes what?
    that God created the universe but takes no further interest in it.
  5. What percent of the world claims to be atheist?
    less than 1 percent
  6. Who believes that the world can operate without God?
    secular humanists
  7. what does a secular humanist believe?
    that the world can operate without God and that the human person nd human achievement is the center of the universe.
  8. Who believe that the existance of God cannot be proven or disproven?
    agnostics
  9. What does an agnostic believe?
    that the existance of God cannot be proven or disproven
  10. Human intuit is that there is some _______
    Power in the universe much greater and more awesome than themselves.
  11. Where are there signs that God can be proven?
    all arround us.
  12. Who provided the Church with five "proofs" for the existence of God?
    St. Thomas Aquinas
  13. What are the five "proofs" of Thomas Aquinas?
    • 1. The unmoved mover
    • 2. First cause
    • 3. Everything comes from something
    • 4. Supreme model
    • 5. Grand designer
  14. What fact do statiticians say that offers more evidence for the existence of God?
    the fact that it is almost impossible for intelligent, human life to appear on earth by mere chance.
  15. How many heartfelt proofs of God's existence are there and what are they?
    • there are four and they are
    • 1. An unquenchable thirst for joy and happiness
    • 2. An experience of beauty and truth
    • 3. A sense of personal conscience, moral goodness, and justice
    • 4. love
  16. What are the two qualities of God that describe his infinite closeness and greatness to his creation?
    transcendence and immanence
  17. Who was the "dumb ox"
    St. Thomas Aquinas
  18. What order was he in?
    the dominican order
  19. What is divine revelation
    God freely revealed himself to human beings out of his infinite love.
  20. what is salvation history
    the account of God's saving activity for mankind. It begins with the creation of the first human beings.
  21. What are some of the most important covenants
    • The Covenant with Noah
    • The Covenant with Abraham
    • The Sinai Covenant
    • Jesus Christ the new Covenant
  22. What is revealed through a single "deposit" of faith?
    God
  23. What is the word that means the Bible is without error?
    inerrant
  24. What is the teaching authority of the Church?
    the Magisterium
  25. With who's authority does the Magisterium teach with?
    Jesus'
  26. Through what can we commit ourselves fully to God and say yes to the gift of revelation given to us in Christ our Lord?
    faith
  27. What is God's only motive for revealing himself and choosing the Jews from among all people?
    His totally free gift of love
  28. What attribute of God is identified in the Apostle's Creed?
    His omnipotence
  29. How many attributes of God are listed by Thomas Aquinas?
    9
  30. What are the attributes of God?
    • God is unique
    • God is infinite and omnipotent
    • God is eternal
    • God is immense
    • God contains all things
    • God is utterly simple-a Pure Spirit
    • God is personal
    • God is holy
  31. Who is the first person of the Holy Trinity
    God the Father
  32. What is the central mystery of faith
    The Blessed Trinity
  33. Is God male or female?
    God is beyond the biological distinction of male and female. Both men and women are made "in the image and likeness of God"
  34. God freely created ______ out of nothing
    an orderly and good world
  35. God is both _____ and _____ to us
    God is totally beyond us yet at the same time he is present to us, upholding and sustaining it.
  36. God created humans in _______
    his image and likeness
  37. Why did God create us male and female?
    out of love and for love
  38. Though essentially good because _____ we are tainted with ______
    God made us, sin
  39. Through _______ God invites us into a personal relationship with him
    Jesus Christ and by the power of the Holy Spirit
  40. Adam and Eve's original sin was a misuse of what?
    God-given freedom
  41. What was lost after original sin?
    The grace of original holiness and justice given by God
  42. Original sin is not an actual sin we committed, what is it?
    A condition we are born into where we are inclined to surrender to the powers of evin in the world
  43. what are three ways the rewards of believing in Jesus are manifested?
    • We come to knowledge of God's greatness and his love for us
    • Our life has meaning
    • God will always care for us
  44. Identify: monotheism, polytheism, atheist, agnostic, secular humanism, and deism
    • monotheism-belief in one God
    • polytheism-belief in many gods
    • atheist-one who denies the existence of God
    • agnostic-one who believes that the existence of God cannot be proven
    • secular humanism-belief that the world can operate without any recourse to God
    • deism-belief that God made the universe but takes no further interest in it
  45. What might the existence of so many religions tell us about God?
    That humans do not know the true identity of the Divine God yet they have the belief that there is a greater power
  46. explain any five demonstrations for God's existence.
    • any of these five:
    • the unmoved mover
    • first cause
    • everything comes from something
    • supreme model
    • grand designer
    • An unquenchable thirst for joy and happiness
    • an experience of beauty and truth
    • a sense of personal conscience, moral goodness, and justice
    • Love
  47. What is meant by God's transcendence?
    by God's immanence?
    • God's transcendence is God's total otherness and greatness compared to creation.
    • God's immanence is God's total closeness to creation.
  48. write three facts about St. Thomas Aquinas.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas is a doctor of the Church
    • He was called the "dumb ox"
    • He studied under St. Albert the Great
  49. define:
    divine revelation
    salvation history
    covenant
    faith
    • divine revelation is God's free self-communication of himself by which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan
    • salvation history is the account of God's saving activity for mankind
    • covenant is an open-ended contract of love between God and human beings
    • faith is the human response to divine revelation
  50. list four covenants that God made with mankind
    • The Covenant with Noah
    • The Covenant with Abraham
    • The Sinai Covenant
    • Jesus Christ, the new Covenant
  51. where is the single deposit of faith found?
    the single deposit of faith is found in Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture (Bible)
  52. What is the meaning of Yahweh?
    the Hebrew name for God. It means "I am who am," "I am," or "I am who I am."
  53. list three qualities of Yahweh
    • God:
    • is unique
    • is infinite and omnipotent
    • is eternal
    • is immense
    • contains all things
    • is immutable
    • is utterly simple-a pure spirit
    • is personal
    • is holy
  54. What is the central doctrine of Christianity?
    the central doctrine of Christianity is the Blessed Trinity
  55. Why is Father an appropriate form of address for God?
    God is our father, Jesus refered to him as "abba" which means father and he is God the father.
  56. What is the meaning for and significance of Abba?
    Abba means "daddy" in Arabic and is a term of endearment used by Jesus when he refered to God.
  57. Name five things Catholics believe about God as creator
    • any of these:
    • God freely created an orderly and good world out of nothing
    • God is totally beyond us. At the same time, God is present to us, upholding and sustaining creation
    • God guides creation through divine providence
    • God created humans in his image and likeness
    • God created us male and female out of love and for love
    • God is the creator of all that is seen and unseen.
    • Though essentially good because God made us, humans are tainted with sin
    • Through Jesus Christ and by the power of the Holy Spirit, God invites us into a personal relationship with him
  58. Define original sin
    original sin is the fallen state of human nature into which all generations of people are born. Christ Jesus came to save us from original sin
  59. Name two effects of original sin
    • loss of grace and original holiness and justice
    • concupiscence
  60. What is the angel's main function in relation to humans?
    • (not in the book, this answer is assumed)
    • to guide us and help us make the right descisions.
  61. What is Catholic belief concerning the existence of Satan and demons?
    they exist and are fallen angels who rebelled against God and fell to hell.
  62. How can God be good if there is evil in the world?
    God gives us the free will to choose to follow him or to commit sin.
  63. What difference can believing in God make for your life?
    • the tremendous rewards are:
    • we come to knowledge of God's greatness adn his love for us
    • our life has meaning
    • God will always care for us
  64. what classification of religion believes in one God?
    monotheistic
  65. what classification of religion believes in multiple gods?
    polytheistic
  66. What is the belief that God created the world but takes no further interest in it?
    deism
  67. who denies the existence of God?
    atheist
  68. who claims that the existence of God cannot be known?
    agnostic
  69. what trait refers to God's total otherness and being beyond creation?
    transcendence
  70. what is the trait that describes God's intimate union with creation?
    immanence
  71. what is the term for a writer in the Church who's writings are highly recomended by the Church?
    Doctor of the Church
  72. what is an open ended agreement between God and mankind?
    covenant
  73. what is the inspired word of God?
    Bible
  74. What is the living transmission of the Church's gospel message?
    Sacred tradition
  75. what is a central truth revealed that Catholics must believe?
    dogma
  76. what is the Hebrew name for God?
    Yahweh
  77. what is the central dogma of the Christian faith?
    Blessed Trinity
  78. What is the arabic term of endearment which means ''daddy''?
    Abba
  79. what is God's loving guidance over his creatureson their way to perfection?
    divine providence
  80. what is the fallen state of human nature into which all generations of people are born?
    original sin
  81. what was the state of man and woman before original sin?
    original holiness and justice
  82. what is an inclination to commit sin that can be found in human desires and appetites?
    concupiscence

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