ch 11 embryo
Card Set Information
ch 11 embryo
head neck structures
ch 11 glands
structure that produces a chemical secretion
which gland has a duct that allows specific drainage?
exocrine (salivary glands)
ductless, drains directly into the surrounding tissues or the bloodstream so it can be used anywhere in the body
endocrine (eNdocrine "NO")
what functions to lubricate and cleanse the mouth?
where do the enzymes in the saliva that break down food secreted from?
what functions as a buffer against acidic foods and cariogenic bacteria?
what functions to mineralize the tooth structure? (minerals/fluoride in saliva)
has epithelial cells that line the glands and produce saliva are:
CT surrounds and protects the gland, supplies nerves and vessels, come from:
________ surrounds the whole salivary gland
__________ divides the gland into larger lobes and smaller lobules
septum (in salivary glands)
what is a group of secretory cells called?
what looks like a cluster of grapes in the salivary glands?
single layer of cells group together around a ________, the collection pipe for all ________
what only has MUCOUS secreting cells?
mucous acini (sticky)
what only has SEROUS secreting cells?
serous acini (watery saliva)
what are both MUCOUS and SEROUS called?
name the three types of acini:
what shape is acini?
what are the three major salivary glands?
what percentage of the total saliva is serous in the parotid gland?
the stensons duct exits through the _______ _______ of the _______ gland
the total saliva of the submandibular gland is _____% and what kind is it?
the wharton's ducts exit through the ________ ________ from the _______ gland
the total of sublingual saliva production is _____%
what kind of saliva is it?
bartholin's duct exits saliva through the _______ ________ from the _________ gland
which salivary glands are located throughout the mouth of the oral mucosa?
minor salivary glands
which glands are mostly mucous? ______ _______are the only exception, they secrete _______
minor salivary glands
minor salivary glands have ________ glands with small and direct ducts
name four clinical considerations of salivary glands:
dry mouth (some describe it as cotton mouth)
decreased production of saliva is when someone has __________
xerostomia is usually caused by _________ or _______ to saliva glands, especially ________ treatment to the head and neck
how can the salivary glands become injured?
from radiation, the glands will die (so sad)
why does xerostomia increase caries?
because there is no saliva to rinse the mouth
what are two suggestions to help increase saliva production?
sip on water (NOT SODA!)
chew sugarless gum, the flavor force you to salivate (whether you want to or not!)
what happens if you kick back with a bottle of listerine for an evening beverage?
it could cause BLINDNESS!!!
T/F listerine because of its high alcohol content will hydrate the mouth more.
FALSE!!!! it will dry it out
what is the purpose of alcohol in listerine?
to dehydrate and kill bacteria
a blocked salivary gland by trauma or calcified stone(__________) is called:
siaolith (calcified stone)
how is a mucocele treated?
removing blockage, drain that sucker
if a mucocele occurs with the submandibular salivary gland it is called a ________
the heat of smoking inflames the duct opening for minor salivary glands on the palate, this is called:
"rana" is latin for frog, which word is this related to?
T/F a ranula is the same as a mucocele just in a different location
what can be seen with someone with nasty nicotine stomatitis?
the openings of the minor salivary glands
_______ is a disease that causes swelling of the salivary glands
mumps (my hump, my lovely lady mump)
mumps is only ________ not ________
what are two ways to resolve a mucocele?
ultrasound will break them up
sour skittles will possibly resolve, with the sweet and sour combo (play a little trick on the mucocele to come out come out wherever you are!)