Health

Card Set Information

Author:
AnnaIsCool
ID:
51842
Filename:
Health
Updated:
2010-11-27 11:41:37
Tags:
additction
Folders:

Description:
ch 21, ch 23
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  1. 4 types opf drugs
    • Relieve pain
    • Regulate/Maintain
    • Prevent disease
    • Fighting pathogens
  2. Medicine that prevent disease
    Vaccine
  3. Drugs that fight pathogens
    Antibiotic
  4. Antibiotic
    Kill/reduce harmful bacteria
  5. Medicines that relieve pain
    • Analgesics
    • Narcotics
  6. Analgesics
    Over-the-counter (OTC)
  7. Narcotics
    prescription
  8. Medicines that regulate/maintain
    Allergy medicine, insulin, etc.
  9. Interaction
    use medicines simultaneously
  10. Antagonistic interaction
    one medicine cancels out the effects of the other
  11. Additive interaction
    two medicines help each other and WORK TOGETHER. (Pain killer & muscle relaxant)
  12. Synergisitc interaction
    Medicines increase the effects of the other. These BOOST.
  13. 4 ways to get medicine into the body
    • 1. Injection
    • 2. Inhalation- goes into blood
    • 3. Absorbtion (patches)- absorbed through skin into blood
    • 4. Injestion- pill
  14. Gateway drugs
    • Where addicts/abusers start
    • alchohol
    • tobacco
    • marijuana
    • medicines
  15. Addiction cycle
    • Substance to the brain
    • Stimulates the release of dopamine (pleasure chemical)
    • Dopamine wears off
    • More substance
  16. Addictive drug
    substance that causes physiological or physchological dependance. (Nicotine)
  17. Nicotine
    Addictive drug in tobacco leaves
  18. Stimulant
    Drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, heart, and organs. (Nicotine)
  19. Carcinogen
    • cancer-causing substance
    • Cigarrettes- group A
  20. Tar
    Thick, sticky dark fluid produced when tobacco burns
  21. Carbon monoxide
    colorless, odorless poisonous gas
  22. Smokeless tobacco
    Tobacco sniffed through the nose, held in the mouth, or chewed.
  23. Leukoplakia
    White spots on the inside of the mouth that can develop into cancer.
  24. Consequences
    • Legal- under 18
    • Social- gross & 2nd-hand smoke
    • Financial- 1 pack/day = $2,000/yr
  25. Why people smoke
    • Stress relief
    • Parents do
    • Alchohol
    • Rebelling
    • Attention
    • Peer pressure
  26. Long-term physical effects
    • Yellow nails & teeth
    • Skin discolor
    • Dry skin
    • Thin, unhealthy hair
    • Yellowing eyes
    • Poor circulation
  27. Short-term physical effects
    • Odor
    • Dry, irritated eyes
  28. Lung effects
    • Chronic bronchitis
    • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
    • Emphysema
    • Cancer
  29. Heart effects
    • "Wear and tear"
    • Arteries constrict, less blood to heart
    • Arteriosclerosis
  30. Digestive
    • Dull taste
    • Increase stomach acid -> ulcer
  31. Surgeon general
    Gov appointed head doctor in the country
  32. Fetus effects
    • Lack of oxygen -> premie, low weight, not fully developed
    • Miscarriage & still birth
  33. ETS
    Environmental tobacco smoke (2nd-hand)
  34. Types of ETS
    • Mainstream
    • Sidestream
  35. Mainstream
    • Smoke smoker exhales
    • Less harmful (been filtered a little)
  36. Sidestream
    Directly from cigarette

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