Card Set Information
glands and stuff 1
structures that produce a chemical secretion
has a duct that allows specific drainage
ductless, so it drains directly into the surrounding tissues or the bloodstream so it can be used anywhere in the body
What are 4 functions of salivary glands?
lubricates and cleans mouth
enzymes break down food
buffer against acidic foods and cariogenic bacteria
remineralizes tooth structure
Enzymes in saliva________________food
a function of the salivary glands is that it acts as a__________against acidic foods and_________ __________
true or false. A function of the salivary glands is to remineralize tooth structure
true or false. a function of the salivary glands is to lubricate and clean the mouth
What type of cells lines the glands and produces the saliva?
epithelial cells in salivary glands line the_______and produce the___________
what type of tissue surrounds and protects the salivary gland and supplies nerves and vessels?
connective tissue surrounds and protects the________, and supplies________and _______
What structure surrounds the whole salivary gland?
What structure divides the gland into larger lobes and smaller lobules?
true or false. lobules are larger than lobes
false, lobes are larger than lobules
the septum divides the gland into larger_______and smaller________
a group of secretory cells that look like a cluster of grapes
the collection pipe for all of the secretions before they leave the duct
lumen of acini
a single layer of secretory cells group together around the____________
only has 'sticky' secreting cells
only has 'watery/wet' secreting cells
has both 'sticky' and 'wet' secreting cells
What are 3 major salivary glands we discussed?
What percent of total saliva does the parotid gland produce?
What type of saliva does the parotid gland secrete?
What is the duct and opening of the parotid gland?
What percent of total saliva does the submandibular gland produce?
What type of saliva does the submandibular gland secrete?
mixed serous and mucous
What is the duct and opening of the submandibular gland?
What percent of total saliva does the sublingual gland produce?
What type of saliva does the sublingual gland secrete?
mixed mucous and serous
What is the duct and opening of the sublingual gland?
What type of salivary glands are located throughout the mouth in the oral mucosa?
minor salivary glands
Most of the minor salivary glands produce_________saliva. the exception is the_________ duct which only secretes__________saliva
are minor salivary glands exocrine or endocrine glands?
exocrine with small and direct ducts
What are 4 clinical considerations of salivary glands?
dry mouth because of decreased production of saliva
What is the usual cause of xerostomia?
medications - especially radiation treatment to head and neck
true or false. Xerostomia causes increased caries because there's no saliva to rinse the mouth
What is the best fluid to recommend for the patient to sip to keep their mouths wet?
is listorine good to use for pt's with xerostomia? Why or why not?
no, bcause the alcohol will dry their mouth more
a blocked salvary gland by trauma or a calcified stone (siaolith)
How are mucoceles treated?
by removing the blockage
a mucocele that occures with the submandibular gland
the heat of smoking inflames the duct opening for minor salivary glands on the palate
disease that causes swelling of the salivary glands