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Major Depressive Disorder involves the presence of one or more Major Depressive Episodes, while ____________ Disorder is characterized by a depressed mood for at least two years for adults or _________ for children and adolescents.
1. DYSTHYMIC DISORDER
2. ONE YEAR
According to the ___________ hypothesis, depression is due to a deficiency of norepinephrine.
Behavioral theories of Major Depressive Disorder include Seligman's notion of _____________, which attributes depressive symptoms to previous exposure to ______________.
1. LEARNED HELPLESSNESS
2. UNCONTROLLABLE EVENTS
Cognitive theories of the etiology of Major Depressive Disorder include Beck's cognitive theory, which attributes it to negative, illogical self statements about oneself, the current situation, and the future that reflect _______________ schemata such as over-generalization, personalization and magnification.
Treatment for Major Depression often involves the use of anti-depressant drugs, which include the TCAS, the ______________, and the MAOIs.
In the treatment of Major Depressions, the TCAs (tricyclics) and HCAs (heterocyclics) are most effective for "classical" depressions that include ____________ symptoms, a worsening of symptoms in the ________________, and symptoms of moderate severity.
In the treatment of Major Depression, the MAOIs appear more beneficial for ___________ depressions.
Cognitive Therapy has been found to be as- if not even more - effective as ______________ for the alleviating depressive symptoms and preventing relapse.
One of the first steps in cognitive therapy is to identify the ________________ that underlie the depression.
Interpersonal Therapy has also been found useful for treating depression. It focuses on current relationships and accepts the ___________ model of depression.
ECT (electro convulsive therapy) has been found effective for alleviating depressions that involves _______________ or suicidal ideation or that have not responded to other treatments.
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