Chapter 8 section 3

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Chapter 8 section 3
2010-11-28 18:58:25
civics unit test

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  1. caucus
    private meeting of party leaders. used in early america but considered undemocratic bcuz people didnt have a say
  2. nominating conventions
    official public meetings of a party to choose candidates- popular after caucuses were disliked. Thought to be more democratic than caucuses but were not democratic because of BOSSES
  3. bosses
    powereful party leaders who controlled conventions and caused public to use a different method
  4. primary elections
    replaced nominating conventions
  5. direct primary
    party members select people to run in general election
  6. Closed primary
    only members vote for party candidate. Democrat for democrat, republican for republican. common in most states
  7. open primary
    all voters can vote but only for 1 partys primary. can be used to ensure a cand will run against a weak link. ppl can be told to sabatoge opposition
  8. plurality
    more votes than everyone else, not majority. required in most states
  9. what is used in states that require a majority if a majority is not reached?
    a run-off primary
  10. run-off primary
    second primary between 2 cands withmost votes
  11. petitions
    person announces candidacy and files petitions that a certain number of people signed. after doing these two things, they are placed on the ballot.
  12. who selects a ticket?
  13. ticket
    candidate for president or vp
  14. 1800-1824 history of presidential nomination
    leaders from party met secretly and chose ticket
  15. 1824 history of presidential nomination
    andrew jackson revolted against "King Caucus"
  16. 1831 history of presidential nomination
    Anti-Masons held first nominating convention. AMs were a minor political party
  17. 1916 history of presidential nomination
    1/2 states were choosing convention delegates in presidential primary elections
  18. 1970s history of presidential nomination
    more democracy= included women, minorities, and young people
  19. 1988 history of presidential nomination
    presidential primary in 38 states and part of selection process for 3/4 delegates to 2 national conventions
  20. 1970 representation
    proportional, no longer winner takes all. delegates represent cands in proportion to number of votes received. makes selection extremely complex.
  21. "beauty contests"
    preference polls on cand nominee, caucuses choose delegate later. used in 1/2 states
  22. critcisms of presidential primaries
    • 1. take too long, costly, exhausting, uninteresting
    • 2. image is more stressed than issues
    • 3. few ppl vote in primaries= majority may not be as obvious as indicated
    • 4.losing candidates have a difficult time getting mones and are often forced to drop out b4 nominee is picked
  23. Super Tuesday
    occured in 1988, 14 states created democratic presidential regional primary- major debating day. over in 1992- not enough supporting states
  24. where are conventions held most often?
    in a state with a lot of electoral votes or a state where party success is doubtful in order to win that state
  25. process of assembling convention
    • 1. roll call of states and welcoming speeches
    • 2. natl party chair has deles approve temp officers
    • 3.keynote speech made
    • 4. deles approve 4 standing comms- rules and order of business, credentials, perm org, and platform and resolutions
  26. keynotee speech
    address by important party member to unite party
  27. rules comm
    tells how con is run: proposes rules for procedure and order of business. deles must approve rule changes: usually accepted, when not= conflict where outcome is vital for the candidate
  28. credentials comm
    approves delegations from each state. can cause disputes and challenges= cred deterenimes which delegations will be seated. report usually accepted, when not= bigger conflict than rules comm : 1964 and 1968 Dem african americans from Miss felt discluded, cred seated some, then replaced entire delegation with integrated rivals.
  29. Permanent Organization comm
    selects permanent chair and other perm officials for convention. after roport, deles elect permanent con officials for day to day control
  30. Platform comm
    writes partys platform. all contenders want their views expressed... platforms can divide the party
  31. Platform
    statement of principles, beliefs, and positions of vital issues and how party will deal with the vital issues. must try to appeal to all factions
  32. Planks
    individual parts of a platform, can divide cands and make it hard to pass platforms
  33. nominating candidates process
    once comms reports are accepted party pres cand is selected: nominating and seconding speeches made, then balloting-roll call of states and delegation calls out votes.
  34. majority and no majority
    • majority=partys nominee
    • no majority= further roll calls
    • usually first ballot= from 1900 to 1992, republicans first ballot =20/24 times, democrats= 19/24 times
  35. why might vps be chosen
    to balance out president to appeal to more people: 1960 JFK and LBJ catholic fron mass and protestant from texas,1984 mn walter f mondale and geraldine ferraro= 1st girl vp cand, 1988 george bush and dan quayle= 64 moderate and 41 conservative
  36. adjournment
    acceptance speeches to bring party together, attack opponent, theme for campaign, appeal to TV audience. Then adjourn and get ready for general election.