Health exam #2

Card Set Information

Author:
anime1003
ID:
52187
Filename:
Health exam #2
Updated:
2010-12-14 20:46:34
Tags:
Red Cross Exam
Folders:

Description:
Section 2 of Health 1700
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user anime1003 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Chest containers
    • Heart
    • Major vessles
    • Lungs
    • Esophagus
    • Trachea
  2. Chest cavity is protect by...?
    • Rib cage (12 ribs)
    • Sternum
    • Spine
  3. Signs & symptoms of Chest injury
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Pain when breathing
    • Deformity/bruising
    • cyonisis
    • coughing up blood
    • distended neck vains
    • Deviated trachea
  4. Chest Puncture wound (Knife/Bullet)
    Result: Sucking chest wound
  5. signs and symptoms of sucking chest wound
    • air passing freely
    • hear sucking sound
    • lungs fail
  6. Type of Dressing for Sucking wound
    • Occlusive
    • air tight
    • tape all sides but one corner
  7. Liver functions
    • rich blood supply
    • detoxify
    • process nutrients
    • digets fat
  8. Spleen Functions
    • under diaphram (left side)
    • stores blood
    • destroys old blood cells
    • produces antibodies
  9. Stomach functions
    • digest food
    • contains acid
  10. Signs & symptoms of abdominal injury
    • External bleeding
    • thirst
    • protruding organs
    • nausea and vomiting
    • blood in urine
  11. Open wound care
    • 911
    • DO NOT apply pressure
    • Remove clothing from wound
    • cover with plastic wrap
    • DO NOT push organs back in
    • Apply moist sterile dressing
    • Cover with towel or blanket for warmth
  12. Care for Embeded object
    • Do Not Remove
    • (unless in cheeck or in chest when interfering with CPR)
    • 911
    • stabalize with bulky dressing
  13. Care for Amputation
    • Care for bleeding
    • send bystander for body part
    • wrap missing part in steril gauze
    • place in cold plastic bag
    • No direct contact with ice
  14. Avulsion
    Body part still connected/severly severed
  15. Back boarding techniques
    • fingers alway up on at least one hand
    • keep back straight and eyes foword
    • lift with your legs
  16. Brain injuries-extreme force
    • Symptoms may appear rapidly, or over days
    • change in conciousness
    • Eratic behavior
    • severe headache
    • fluid in ears or nose
  17. Severity of injury
    • fall greater than vitims height
    • diving
    • found unconcious
    • blunt force to head
    • injury penetrates head
    • car crash
    • where helmet is cracked or broken
    • unconcious in water
  18. Concussion
    • Usually no permanent damage
    • unconscious
    • loss of memory
  19. Scalp Injury
    • Direct Pressure unless:
    • depression in skull
    • spongy
    • bone fragments

    Put pressure AROUND wound
  20. Cheeck injury
    May remove object
  21. Nose bleed
    could just be high blood pressure
  22. Lost teeth
    Place in milk till implanted
  23. Tendons
    Muscle to bone
  24. Ligament
    Bone to bone (joints)
  25. Crepitus
    Grinding bones
  26. HAINES
    High Arm In Endangered Spine

    (spine friendly recovery position)
  27. RICE
    Rest Ice Compression Elelvation
  28. Shoulder (3 bones)
    • Clavicle
    • Scapula
    • Humerus
  29. Elbow splint
    Bent or Straight
  30. Splinting guide
    • Support injured part
    • Cover open wounds
    • check circulation and sensation
    • Pad rigid splints
    • secure splint with cravats, roller bandages, cloth, etc...
    • Recheck circulation after applying
    • Elevate if possible
  31. Lower extremities
    Ground can be a splint
  32. Continue to check...
    • ABC's
    • Vital signs
    • changes in LOC
    • Treat for shock
  33. Two types of Splints
    • Traction
    • serger or J-splint
  34. Once a splint is apllied a first responder CANNOT...
    let go of victims leg
  35. Money Buys Lots-of Hot Toys
    • Middle Strap
    • Bottem Strap
    • Legs
    • Head Strap
    • Top Strap
  36. When a baby's head becomes visible during birth
    Crowning
  37. A mother should Breath ____ and____ breaths while giving birth
    Slow and Deep
  38. To keep the baby from ermergin to quickly you may...
    Put light pressure on the baby's head
  39. Prolapsed Umbilical Cord
    Cord comes first, then child
  40. Breech Birth
    Feet or butt first
  41. With children, you must control your...
    Emotional and facial expression
  42. For children do not _____ during rescue breathing
    Heperextend neck (blocks airway)
  43. Infants breath through their__
    Nose
  44. With children, Insert the oral (mouth) airway...
    Down
  45. Check children from
    Toes to head
  46. # cause of death in children
    injury
  47. 3 types of child abuse
    • Physical
    • Psychological
    • Sexual
  48. Insect sting: sting present remove...
    Without tweezers, Scrape away
  49. Signs of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
    • Spotted rash
    • Usually on wrist and ankles first
  50. Lymes Disease
    • Caused by Deer Tick
    • Bull-eye Rash appears
  51. HGE (from ticks)
    Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis
  52. Care for Ticks
    • Use tweezers to remove
    • DO NOT burn off
    • Alchohol or antibiotic ointment at site
  53. Black widow Spider
    Red hourglass on belly
  54. Brown Recluse spider
    Dark Brown Violin shape on top of body
  55. Care for Scorpion bites/stings
    • call 911
    • wash wound site
    • may need Antivenin
    • apply cold pack to reduce swelling
  56. signs of snake bite
    1-2 punture wounds
  57. Care for snake bites
    • wash wound
    • call 911
    • immobilize infected part
    • keep it lower thna the heart
  58. DON'TS of snake bites
    • apply ice
    • cut the wound
    • apply tournaquit
    • use electric shock
  59. Portuguese Man-of-War treatment
    Soack in vinegar
  60. Signs of Raibies
    Salivate (foaming), appear partially paralyzed, act irretible, aggressive, or quite
  61. Care for Other animal bites
    • Clean wound
    • see a doctor
    • Do not try to capture the animal
  62. Human Bites
    • Very dirty
    • lots of bacterium
  63. West Nile
    • From mosquitoes
    • birds and horses are dying...
    • Not serious in healthy people
  64. Shock
    • temporary loss of blood to brain
    • blood pools in extremities
    • brain shuts down
  65. Reyes Syndrom
    • Do not give Aspirin
    • motren
    • or tylonal
  66. Siezure types
    • Petit mal- small seizure
    • Grand Mal-full blown
    • Tonic- prolonged contractions
    • Clonic- Rapid contractions
  67. Feeling that occurs before seizure
    Aura
  68. Once a seizure is occuring
    • Do NOT attempt to hold or restriain
    • Time the seizure
  69. At risk poluations for inordinate temperature regulation
    • Children
    • Elderly
    • Diuretics (eliminates water)
  70. Heat emergency sequence
    • Heat cramps
    • Heat Exhaustion
    • Heat Stroke
  71. Heat cramps
    • Treat for shock
    • rest and rehydration
  72. Heat Exhaustion
    • Blood is being diverted from essential organs (type of shock)
    • Heat cramps are not always first
    • don not chill
    • can progress to changed in conciousness and heat stroke
  73. Heat Stroke
    • Brain Swells
    • red hot skin
    • Skin is very dry
    • 911
    • can result in death
  74. Heat emergency care
    • Call 911 if victim refuses water, vomits, or conciousness fades
    • apply cool and wet cloth, ice pack, hose to extremities
    • DO NOT immerse
  75. Cold emergency
    • NEVER rub
    • body temp 95-90 can no longer shiver
    • 86-82 fixated or dialated pupils
    • below 82, likely death
  76. Frostbite
    • can blister
    • wrap in guaze
    • soak affected area in WARM (not hot) water
  77. Hypothermia
    • Body temp below 95 degrees
    • if wet- loose heat 25 times faster
    • before CPR check pulse for 45 seconds
  78. Behavioral emergency
    • Do not play along
    • prepare for potential threat
    • MUST GET CONSENT
  79. Daibetes
    • Type I: insulin dependant, developes as a child, body creates little to no insulin
    • Type II: Adult onset, lack of diet and exercise, body can't process surgar fast enough
  80. Signs of Diabetes
    • Excess thirst of hunger
    • excess urination
    • blury vision
  81. Care for diabetic
    • If concious give candy, juice, sugar
    • if not better in 5min, call emergency personel
  82. TIA
    Transient Ischemic Attack (minny stroke, signs of oncoming stroke)
  83. signs and symptoms of stroke
    • Loss of control of parts of the body
    • changed in conciousness
    • pupils of unequal size
    • drooling
  84. Tissue Plasminogen Activator
    Busts clots
  85. Poison
    Must find out what kind of poison, and how it entered the body
  86. Sings and Sympotms of Poisoning
    • Recognize in your survey the scene
    • May be burns around intake site (lips,tongue,skin)
  87. Poison care
    • if vomits, save for analysis
    • call poison control
    • do not give food or drink unless instructed
  88. organic poison
    • Poison Ivy
    • Poison Oak
    • Poison Sumac
  89. Care for Organic poison
    • Brush off any dry chemicals
    • removed any tainted clothing or jewlery
    • flush with water for 15 minutes
  90. Anphylaxis
    Sever alergic reaction
  91. Packaging
    getting victim saftley ready for transport
  92. ICS
    Incident Command System
  93. ICS personel
    • 1) Incident Comander-manages team, decision maker
    • 2)Operation section advisor- developes tactics for carry-out plan
    • 3)planning Section Officer-keeps incident commander updated, Gathers all scene info including victims, equipment available, and dangers
    • 4) Logistics section officer- establishes communication, crowd control, and obtains needed resources
  94. Triage
    Process of sorting victims by need
  95. Triage checks 3 things:
    • Breathing
    • Circulation
    • Level of conciousness
  96. 3 levels of triage and their colors
    • Immediate- red
    • Delayed- yellow
    • Dead- Black
  97. Walking wounded
    Victims who are being trasported away from scene for their saftey
  98. Chocking
    Block wheels of vehicle from moving
  99. Electrical hazzard
    • Establish perimeter 2x lengths between poles
    • approach only after power has been turned off
  100. SIPSO
    • Scene size up
    • Initial assesment
    • Physical exam
    • SAMPLE history
    • Ongoing assesment
  101. ABC
    • Air way
    • Breathing
    • circulation
  102. AVPU
    • Alert
    • Vocal
    • Pain
    • Unconcious
  103. DOTS
    • Deformity
    • Open injury
    • Tenderness
    • Swelling
  104. SAMPLE history
    • Sign and symptoms
    • Allergies
    • Medicines
    • Past pertinent history
    • last oral intake
    • events leading to incident
  105. When to summon advanced medical care
    • unconcious
    • difficulty breathing
    • shortness of breath
    • no breathing
    • no pulse
    • severe bleeding
    • chest pain
    • vomiting
    • sudden illness
    • head/neck/back injury
    • broken bones
  106. Capilary refil
    checking circulation in fingur and toes
  107. While waiting for advance check victim every...

    Stable?
    Unstable?
    • 15 minutes
    • 5 minutes
  108. Emergency action
    • Check
    • Call
    • Care
  109. consent
    • identify yourself
    • state level of training
    • explain problem
    • explain plan
  110. Battery
    • unlawful of touching w/o consent
    • must get consent
  111. Abandonment
    once started, must continue care till help arrives
  112. Negligence
    • Duty to respond
    • fail to act
    • cause injury
    • damage occurs
  113. Good samaritan law
    • move only if absolutly needed
    • check/treat life threatening emergency first
    • call 911
    • get consent
    • care only to your ability
    • continue to care/monitor
  114. Confidentiality
    • respect privacy
    • don't reveal details
    • never discuss unless with law or EMT
  115. Chain of Survival
    • citizen resonder
    • 911 dispatch
    • first responder
    • EMT advanced care
    • hospital
    • rehabilitation
  116. First responder responsibilities
    • Ensure saftey for you and bystanders
    • gain access to victim
    • determine threats to victim
    • Summon more advanced care
    • Provide care to victim
    • assis medical personal as needed
  117. Conditions necessary for disease transmition
    • pathogen present
    • quantiy of infectant
    • vulnerable to disease
    • correct entry site
  118. How pathogens enter the body
    • Direct contanct (fluid)
    • Indirect ( from another object)
    • Airborne
    • Vector (insects, bites)
  119. ABC
    Two slow breaths
  120. ABC

    Adult
    child
    infant
    Check pulse for 10 sec

    • Cartoid
    • Cartoid
    • Brachial artery
  121. Cycles per minute, rescue breathing

    Adult
    Child/infant
    • 12 cycles per minute
    • 20 cycles per minute
  122. Child CPR
    • 30comp/2breaths
    • One or two hands on chest
    • compress 1-1.5 inches
  123. Infant CPR
    • 2-3 fingers on center of chest
    • .5-1 inch

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview