chapter 8 section 1

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chapter 8 section 1
2010-11-29 17:05:56
civics unit test

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  1. political party
    group of people with broad common interests who organize to win elections, control govt, and thereby influence govt policies
  2. one party systems (4 bullets)
    • usually in authoritarian govt
    • often come to pwwr by froce
    • ex. cuba, vietnam, n korea, china
    • also in non communist nations; iran= theocracy, mexico= 1 party
  3. multiparty systems (2 bullets)
    • each party represents different ideologies
    • usually break down when disputes arise= unstable
  4. ideologies
    basic beliefs about government
  5. coalition government
    when several parties combine forces to obtain a majority
  6. two party systems (3 bullets)
    • us
    • 2 dominating parties
    • minor parties can exist
  7. how many political parties at end of washingtons second term and what were they?
    2: federalists- for strong national government and democratic-republicans- pwr to states
  8. third party
    any party other than the 2 major parties; in elections each additional party is called a third party; common between all third parties: neither party is meeting certain needs
  9. single-issue party and example
    • exclusive focus on 1 major social, econ, or moral issue, generally short lived
    • 1840s liberty party and free soil party= stronger stands on slavery
  10. ideological party and example
    • overall change in society, no specific issue, extreme views
    • libertarian party=drastic reduction in government to increase personal freedom
  11. splinter party and example
    • splits from major party bcuz of disagreement
    • 1912 bull moose party led by roosevelt= rep, died after roosevelt lost election
  12. third party impact (2 bullets)
    • take voters from other cands
    • often promote unpopular ideas that are later adopted by major parties (min wage, 5 day work week, health and unemployment insurance)
  13. single-member districts
    cands seek a single office that represents all voters in an area, only one wins
  14. proportional representation
    several officials are elected to represent voters in an area; encourages minor parties=more likely to be included
  15. difficulties of third parties (3 bullets)
    • finance
    • must look capable of beating major parties
    • need staying power