MFT Diagnostic Combined Set 1
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The _______________ Disorders involve a maladaptive reaction to one or more psychological stressors that is in excess of what would be _____________ given the nature of the stressor(s).
In Adjustment Disorders, the onset of symptoms must be within ______ months of the stressor.
Ordinarily, Adjustment Disorder is diagnosed only if symptoms remit within_____ months but it can also be diagnosed when symptoms persist if the stressor or its consequence are chronic or enduring.
When the individual's reaction is to the death of a loved one and the response is within expectable limits, the appropriate diagnosis is _________.
The Impulse Control Disorders involve a failure to resist an impulse or temptation to perform an act that is _______________
HARMFUL TO SELF OR OTHERS
__________________ involves a failure to control aggressive impulses that results in severe assaultive acts or property damage, while _____________ is characterized by a recurrent failure to control an impulse to pull out one's hair, resulting in noticeable hair loss.
1. INTERMITTENT EXPLOSIVE DISORDER
OCD is characterized by recurrent obsession and compulsions that are sufficiently severe to cause ____________, to be time consuming, and / or to significantly interfere with normal functioning.
SIGNIFICANT (MARKED) DISTRESS
Obsessions are persistent thoughts and impulses that the individual experiences as senseless or _______________ and that cause marked distress.
Compulsions are repetitious and deliberate behaviors or ________________ that the individual feels drawn to perform either in response to the obsession or according to _____________.
1. MENTAL ACTS
2. RIGID RULES
The treatment-of-choice for OCD is generally considered to be ________________.
IN VIVO EXPOSURE WITH RESPONSE PREVENTION (FLOODING)
In the treatment of OCD, the tricyclic ___________ has been found to be useful.
PTSD involves the development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to a trauma that entails witnessing or experiencing actual or threatened death or ________________ to self or others.
For a diagnosis of PTSD, the trauma must elicit a reaction of intense fear, helplessness, and horror and (a) persistent re-experiencing of the trauma; (b) persistent avoidance of ________________; and (c) symptoms of increased arousal.
STIMULI RELATED TO THE TRAUMA
To reduce distress and prevent delayed or chronic symptoms, the treatment of PTSD typically involves ______________.
When symptoms similar to those associated with PTSD have a duration of less than four weeks, the diagnosis is probably _____________.
ACUTE STRESS DISORDER
When symptoms involve excessive anxiety and worry about multiple events or activities for a period of at least six months, the likely diagnosis is _______________.
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
Substance- Induced Anxiety Disorder is associated with the use of several substances including intoxication or _____________ from cocaine
The Bipolar I Disorders involve one or more _____________ or Mixed Episodes with or without a Depressive Episode.
Bipolar I Disorder, Most Recent Episode Mixed for example, is diagnosed when an individual is currently or has most recently experienced a Mixed Episode and has a history of at least one ______________ , Manic or Mixed Episode.
Bipolar II Disorder is the appropriate diagnosis when the individual has had at least one _____________ and one Hypomanic Episode.
Of the mental disorders, Bipolar Disorder has most consistently been linked to ______________ factors.
In Bipolar Disorder, there is evidence that the ______________ episodes are often precipitated by stressful life events.
FIRST AND SECOND
Treatment for Bipolar Disorder typically includes the administration of _____________, which not only reduces manic symptoms but also levels out mood swings.
The Mood Disorders all involve one or more of four different Mood Episodes: Major Depressive: Manic, _________, and / or Mixed.
A Major Depressive Episode involves a depressed mood and/ or loss of ___________ for a period of at least _________ weeks.
1. INTEREST IN USUAL ACTIVITIES
2. TWO WEEKS
Sleep disturbances are common in Mood Disorders, especially _____________ insomnia.
MIDDLE OR TERMINAL
In Mood Disorders, Suicide risk is higher than average with the greatest risk associated with the presence of ______________ symptoms, a previous history of suicide attempts, and current substance use.
In children with Mood Disorders, ____________ complaints are common, while among the elderly, cognitive impairments may resemble those seen in ____________.
A Manic Episode involves an abnormal and persistent, elevated, expansive or ____________ mood for at least ___________ week(s).
2. ONE WEEK
In a Manic Episode, increased _____________ activity, flight of ideas, and grandiosity are common.
GOAL - DIRECTED ACTIVITY
A diagnosis of a Manic Episode requires significant impairment in functioning, the need to be ______________, and/ or the presence of psychotic symptoms.
A _____________ Episode is similar to a Manic Episode except that the latter symptoms are not present.
A _____________ Episode involves rapidly alternating symptoms of both mania and _______________.
1. MIXED EPISODE
2. MAJOR DEPRESSION†
The Personality Disorders are characterized by personality traits that have become so __________ and __________ that they cause personal distress or significant interference with normal functioning.
RIGID AND MALADAPTIVE
Paranoid, Schizoid and Schizotypal Personality Disorders (Cluster A) are all characterized by the presence of ___________ or __________ behaviors.
ODD OR ECCENTRIC
The essential feature of Paranoid Personality Disorder is a pervasive pattern of ______________ that involves interpreting the motives of others malevolent.
DISTRUST AND SUSPICIOUSNESS
Individuals with Paranoid Personality Disorder are preoccupied with doubts about the __________ of others and read __________ content into benign events and remarks.
Schizoid Personality Disorder involves a pervasive pattern of ___________ to interpersonal relationships and a restricted range of ______________ in social settings.
2. EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION
Individuals diagnosed with Schizoid Personality Disorder are typically loners who prefer solitary activities and ____________ tasks to social interactions.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder is diagnosed in the presence of deficits in interpersonal relationships, and eccentricities in ___________.
COGNITION, PERCEPTION, and BEHAVIOR
Individuals with Schizotypal Personality Disorder exhibit ideas of _______________ and __________ thinking.
2. MAGICAL THINKING
In social situations, individuals with Schizotypal Personality Disorder, their social anxiety may involve ___________ about the intentions of others.
A diagnosis of Autistic Disorder requires evidence of qualitative impairments in _______________, qualitative impairments in communication, and the presence of ________________ behaviors.
1. SOCIAL INTERACTION
2. RESTRICTED, REPETITIVE, and STEREOTYPED
In Autistic Disorder, the onset of symptoms must be prior to age ____________
Individuals with Autistic Disorder typically seem oblivious to ______________ but may over-react to changes in the _____________.
1. OTHER PEOPLE
Only about one-half of people with Autistic Disorder develop speech, and many who speak exhibit abnormalities in prosody, ______________ (repeating of words and phrases of others), and / or reversals in _____________.
Autism is about ____________ times more common in males than females.
4 TO 5
A better prognosis for Autistic Disorder is associated with the development of ___________ by age 5 or 6, and IQ of 70 or above, and a ____________ onset of symptoms.
In terms of treatment for Autistic Disorder, behavioral interventions are most effective when they begin at an early age, provide a ________________ environment, and emphasize generalization and when ____________ actively participate in the intervention.
1. HIGHLY STRUCTURED
Haloperidol and other _____________ are often useful for reducing aggression and self-injurious and self-stimulating behavior in those diagnosed with Autistic Disorder
When an individual exhibits a characteristic pattern of head growth deceleration, loss of hand skills and impaired coordination following a period of normal development, the diagnosis is _____________.
When a person shows impairments in social interaction and a restricted repetoire of behaviors without significant delays in language, self-care, or cognitive skills, the likely diagnosis is __________.
The Cluster B Personality Disorders are characterized by _______ , __________ and ___________ behaviors.
DRAMATIC, EMOTIONAL or ERRATIC
Antisocial Personality Disorder involves a pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the ___________.
RIGHTS OF OTHERS
For a diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder, the individual must be at least _____ years old and have a history of _________ by age 15.
2. CONDUCT DISORDER
Individuals diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder frequently perform acts that ___________ and manipulate others for the purpose of ___________.
1. VIOLATE THE LAW
2. PERSONAL GAIN
Individuals diagnosed with Antisocial Personality Disorder tend to exhibit lower-than-average levels of physiological ____________, which may predispose them to antisocial behaviors.
In treating individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorder, it is important for the therapist to guard against their tendency to ___________ and to provide them opportunities for ___________.
1. LIE and MANIPULATE
Borderline Personality Disorder involves a pervasive pattern of ____ in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and ________ and marked impulsivity.
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