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Most common survival stresses
Thirst & Hunger
What is pain in a survival situation?
A discomfort that can be tolerated
What are the categories of fear?
Conscious and subconscious
When is fear conscious?subconscious?
- Conscious when the fear is physical.
- subconscious when the fear is psychological.
How a person reacts to fear is dependent on what?
What is the 3 step copping process for dealing with fear?
- 1. Understand
- 2. Admit
- 3. Accept
What factors are unique to each area and present their own combination of hazards?
Climate, terrain, and wildlife
What is the most important element of the will to survive?
What is the first action of emergency care other then controlling bleeding?
Establish responsivness (ABC)
What is the most effective method of conrolling bleeding?
What type of bleeding is the most serious?
Arterial-carries blood from the heart through the body.
What type of blood is returning to the heart through blood vessels called veins and is easier to control then artrial bleeding?
How many liters of blood does the human body contatin?
What should you not apply to a burn?
Lotion, oil, petroleum based products
How do you treat a burn?(main considerations)
- 1.Stop further burning
- 2.relieve the pain
- 3.treat for shock
- 4.remove constrictive clothing
Where do you immobilize a broken joint?
above and below the joint fracture
Where do you immobilize a broken bone around a joint?
immobilize the bone above and below the joint.
what is the first sign of a broken bone?
What is the correct order of application for the methods of controlling bleeding?
direct pressure, elevation, pressure points
What is always a factor in a survival episode?
Initial treatment of fractures, dislocations and sprains consists of
Treating any existing wounds at the injury sight and immobilizing the injury
A ________ occurs when three or more ribs are broken in two places and the fractures become a freefloating
What four prerequisites should be satisfied when selecting a shelter location?
Location, sfaety, materials, space
List five reasons for building a fire during a survival episode
Warmth, light, cooking, drying, signaling
Build a fire to meet specific needs. Small fires require less fuel, are easier to control, and their heat can be
In cold weather, several small fires surrounding the shelter site are much more effective than one large fire. True/False
What is the most abundant piece of material available?
When constructing a shelter locate the entrance ___ from the prevailing winds
When constructing a shelter if the fire is outside the shelter locate the enterence ___ from the prevailing winds.
What are the 3 stages of firecraft?
what are the 3 types of pyrotechnic signalig devices?
- MK-13 flare
- MK-124 flare
- AP/25 gyro jet
If the AP/25 does not launch what can you do?
re-seat the flare using caution not to uncap the live flare with hand.
What is the most important/valuable piece of equipment in the survival kit?
what is the most valuable piece of rescue equipment next to the radio?
when is the URT-33C/M (the personal locator beacon activated and what are its modes?
- activated upon ejection.
- modes are timed(tx every 10min) and continuous (last aprox 15 hours)
When is the ELT activated?
automatically upon ejection
Where is the survival kit located?
Below the seat
What is the minimum survival kit connected to?
the torso harness
What is the most recommended item in a personal survival kit?
Matches (stow in waterproof container)
who must approve the personal survival kit?and what should be considered
- The life support officer LSO.
- do items meet personal needs and the location you are flying in.
How much water does the avg adult require daily to survive?
2 quarts min
How long can a human survive without water?
Sworming insects are a good indicator of the presence of what?
what do bird droppings indcate near an area?
there is water near by.
How can you purify water?
- 1.add iodine tablet
- 2.boil for 1 min at sea level add 1 min for every 1k feet.
What must you do to water before purifing it?
what is the most dangerous heat illness?
what is the most common heat illness?
what is hypothermia?
gradual or rapid cooling of the body, occurs when the bodies core temp drops below 95F
Define COLDER as it pertains to caring for clothing
- Overheating, avoid
- Loose and layered
- Examine clothing
- Repair clothing
What is the most common survival problem?
- Contact dermitits
- Poision Ivy, Oak, Sumac
From where do we get tools for survival?
- personal experience
List three signs and symptoms of dehydration
- general ill feeling
Define heat exhaustion.
Water loss through profuse sweating
Define heat stroke
No sweating, increase in body temp
List the two types of cold exposure illnesses