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What purpose do the kidneys serve?
sends clean blood to the body and waste products out by urine
If a patient is on dialysis, what is dialysis doing for them?
helping to circulate the blood in the patients body to reach the desired level for blood
If urea is not being broken down due to kidney disease, what oral problems are most common?
The patient should be premedicated with prophylactic ampicillian prior to exodontias. Systemic fluorides should be used on patients with hemodialysis and kidney disease because they are more prone to caries
the first statement is true and the second statement is false
_________is the main oral health problem caused by kidney disease on hemodialysis
Hyperventilation is a common emergency in the dental office. Hyperventilation results in an increase of carbon dioxide.
First statement is true, second statement is false
All are possible causes of hyperventilation except:
What are the main symptoms of hyperventilation? (3)
- rapid, deep breathing
- light headedness
- rapid pulse
There are no contraindications for treatment with antidepressants. Dry mouth is a side effect of the medications taken for anxiety
both statements are true
________is an action taken during the emergency of hyperventilation
calm and reassure patient
What is the most common form of epilepsy?
grand mal epilepsy
A seizure results from abnormal brain activity. A seizure is a controlled brain activity that is predictable and voluntary
The first statement is true, and the second statement is false
What is the most likely cause of a seizure in the dental office?
local anesthetic overdose
Which is not a symptom of a seizure?
ears ringing uncontrollably
muscle movement and twitching
loss of consciousness
change in emotion
ears ringing uncontrollably
What should you not do during a seizure?
time the seizure
put a pillow or something soft under the head
let the seizure run its course
give mouth to mout resuscitation
give mouth to mouth resuscitation
left and right ventricular heart failure may develop independantly or occur simultaneously. isolated left ventricular failure is rare, it usually falls shortly after and as a result of right ventricular failure.
the first statement is true, and the second statement is false
What is responsible for 75% of all cases of congestive heart failure?
In the case of a heart failure emergency in the dental office, how often should you monitor and record the patient's vital signs?
every 5 minutes
When is the best time to schedule an appointment for a patient at risk for heart failure?
a short appointment in the morning
Which ASA physical status class indicates that the patient can climb one flight of stairs but has to stop and rest before completing the task, so serious consideration of dental treatment modifications may be necessary?
Hyperglycemia is a high blood sugar and is more life threatening. Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar and has a slow onset.
Both statements are false
What is not a symptom of diabetes?
What does diabetes not increase risk for?
neonatal morbitity and death
high blood pressure
What is not a symptom of hypoglycemia?
Pale moist skin
fruity, sweet breath or odor
rapid, weak pulse
normal to low blood pressure
pale moist skin
It is important to use long acting anesthesia on patients with diabetes to keep them out of pain longer. while treating patients with diabetes, its important for them to maintain a normal diet and insulin intake in the morning and eat breakfast prior to appointment
first statement is false, second is true