GWS Final Exam

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martyr01
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52317
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GWS Final Exam
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2010-12-01 08:07:20
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UIC Gender Women Studies
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Global Perspectives on Women and Gender
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  1. AFRICA
  2. GENDER AND LABOR AT "HOME" (Week 8)
  3. Feminization of Migration
    • More women migrate for work
    • Stopping effects the GNP
    • SAP's
    • Managing labor migration
    • Gender-sensitive-criteria
  4. Global Domestic Labor Flow
    • South/South-east Asia to Middle/Far East
    • Central America to North America
    • Former Soviet bloc to Western Europe
    • Africa to Western Europe
    • Local migratory flows
  5. Push factors of domestic labor migration
    • Economic liberalization policies
    • Increasing unemployment
    • Poverty
    • Government-sponsored programs
    • Civil Wars
    • Escape from Abusive family situations
  6. Pull factors of domestic labor migration
    • Increasing income inequality in (U.S.) cities
    • Increasing participation of women in the labor force
    • Men not taking on the "second-shift" in proportionate numbers
    • "Care deficit" in wealthy countries
    • Immigration policies/laws
    • Relatively underdevelopment nature of day care facilities in U.S.
  7. Gendered Dimensions of labor migration
    • Most women are in gender-specific jobs
    • Discrimination against foreign workers; threat of deportation
    • Prevented from getting residency status
    • Pseudo-regular employment categories such as "guest-workers"
    • Physical/sexual/verbal abuse against "undocumented" and domestic workers
  8. Remittances
    Moneys immigrant workers send to their country of origin
  9. Issues and discrimination that migrant domestic workers face
  10. GENDER, LABOR AND VIOLENCE AT THE BORDER (Week 9)
  11. Feminicide
    systematic killing of women
  12. Moral Discourse
  13. Discourse of Globalization
  14. Voices without Echoes
    Great number of women in Juarez were killed
  15. Maquiladora Industry
    Predominantly foreign-owned corporations that assemble products in Mexico using Mexican labor and foreign inputs for subsequent export
  16. NAFTA
    • US, Mexico and Canada
    • Trade Liberalization: trading back and forth w/out the gov't
    • Multilateral Treaty
  17. Separation between private and public violence
  18. Drug and gang violence
  19. Police Corruption
  20. The use of photographic images and the effort to restore humanity and respectability of women
  21. CIRCUITS OF GLOBALIZATION AND LABOR MIGRATION (Week 10)
  22. Geographies and counter-geographies of globalization
    • Hyper-mobility of capital
    • Formation of global markets
    • Development of global communication

    • Series of processes that over-valorize certain types of output, workers, and sectors (and de-valorize others)
    • Alternative global circuits
  23. Alternative circuits of migration
    • Instantiation of gendering in the global economy - from the perspective of disadvantaged locations
    • Embedded in global economic system
    • Constitutive of globalization
    • Lens through and by which to see the dynamics of gendering implicit in globalization
  24. Impacts of globalization
    • Burden of Debt
    • Free Trade
    • Currency Devaluation
    • Fiscal Austerity Measures and drastic cuts in expenditure on social services
  25. HIPC Initiative
    Highly Indebted Poor Countries: Help poor countries get back on their feet
  26. Debt servicing
  27. Dollarization
    Countries use foreign currency to do better
  28. New world domestic order
  29. Feminization of survival
    Dependency of women to take care of their families
  30. Transnational motherhood
    When women migrate, become nannies, and are like a mother to the child.
  31. Shifting meanings of motherhood
  32. Care Chains
    Series of personal inks between people across the globe based on the paid and unpaid work of caring; critical modernist (recognizes global inequalities or resources); avoids primordialist stance (mothers should care for their own and not migrate); advocates better pay and working conditions forimmigrants
  33. GENDER, WAR, AND VIOLENCE AND GLOBAL CIRCUITS OF MIGRATION (Week 11 & 12)
  34. Civil War
  35. Social and Psychological consequences of civil war of women
    • Destruction/deconstructioin of culture
    • Physical insecurity
    • Displacement
    • Psychosocial trauma
    • Sexual Violence
    • Domestic Violence
    • Change in gender/family dynamics
    • Poverty
    • Labor force participation and household dynamics
  36. Refugees
  37. Refugee camps
  38. Rape as a manifestation of violence
  39. Domination of women
  40. Rape as tool of war
  41. Potential logic of sexual violence against women
  42. "Strategic Purposes" of rape
    • Rape as a tool of war
    • As a form of masculine performance - a form of male-male communication
    • Directed at the social group as a form of humiliation
    • As a way of enacting and reinforcing constructing of gender as a form of asserting hetero-nationality in some cases
  43. Sri Lankan civil war and women's experiences
    Film " at the end of a gun"
  44. Women as symbols of family/nation/"difference"
  45. Genocidal rape
    Women forced into sex-work to service armed forces
  46. WHO definition of health
  47. Harms of war and effects on women
  48. women as inner sanctum of a nation
    • Sanctions the violent resolution of the problem of women's sexuality in the service of safeguarding honor
    • In conjunction with an insistence on silence that operates through shame/stigma
  49. The role of rape (erasing the ambiguity between racial groups, forming and reinforcing national, ethnic, religious and gendered identity)
  50. The importance of everyday life after the genocide
  51. Women's efforts to rebuild their communities/the nation
  52. GENDER, MILITARISM AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS (Week 13)
  53. Militarization
    personnel attached to bases all over the world
  54. Why exploring militarized prostitution is important
  55. Women and militarization
  56. Contagious Disease Acts
    Genital examination of women who were suspected of prostitution
  57. Josephine Butler
    1st to protest against CDA
  58. Link between tourism and prostitution
    • An alliance between local governments in search of foreign money, foreign businessmen willing to invest money, and foreigners willing to employ sex workers
    • Linked ti militarism
  59. Links between gendered ideologies and militarization
    • Orientalism
    • Prostitution will prevent homosexuality
  60. Conditions that promote organized prostitution
    Armed bases
  61. Maneuvers
  62. Clark and Subic Bay bases
  63. Military camptowns
  64. Olongapo
    • City in the Philippines
    • Night clubs
  65. The militarization of things
  66. Comfort Women
  67. SEX TRAFFICKING AND THE COMMODIFICATION OF WOMEN'S BODIES (Week 14)
  68. Historical and cultural context of sex work
    • comfort women
    • military sex work at camptowns
    • sex work in tourist destinations
  69. Regulationists
    Prostitution by fallen woman due to personal pathology or inclination to vice calls for the regulation of this body/prostitution
  70. Abolitionists
    Prostitutes as victims, calls for the abolition of prostitution
  71. Social purity movement
  72. White Slavery
  73. CATW's position
    Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (neo-abolitionist)
  74. Neo-abolitionist approach
    all prostitution constitutes human rights violation
  75. GAATW's position
    • Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women
    • All prostitution is bad
    • Sex work can be a profession by choice
  76. "Free' and "Forced" prostitution
  77. UN anti-trafficking campaigns
    • CATW
    • GAATW (World Charter for Prostitutes Rights)
  78. sex worker's rights
    Dismiss the free/forced binary; "harm" of prostitution
  79. decriminalization of prostitution
  80. Why do we need to go beyond the "free"/"forced" dichotomy
  81. "Madonna"/"whore" dichotomy
  82. Role of racism in anti-trafficking campaigns and sex work
    • Fantasies of primitive
    • Fantasies of exotix
  83. politics of language-why avoid "victim" or "slaves" and use "affected person", "trafficked person", "sex workers", "transnational migrant workers", "slave-like practices"
  84. UN definition of trafficking
    • Recruitment of persons
    • Threat or force
  85. Mail Order brides
    • Sexual Economy
    • No governing
  86. Stereotypes of mail order brides persistent in MOB business
  87. Abolition of the fiancee's visa in Canada
    Sponsorship was longer
  88. Joint application for permanent resident status
  89. Victims of trafficking and violence protection act 2000
  90. Dependence and vulnerability of the brides
    • Abuse
    • Deportation
  91. Inequality between the groom and the bride (economic, gender, class, ethnicity)
  92. Sexism and patriarchy
  93. Anti-feminist sentiment in MOB
  94. Belleau's two policy recommendation for countering problems of MOB
  95. GENDER AND HEALTH: HIV AND THE BODY (Week 15)
  96. Myths and misunderstanding about AIDS
  97. "rugged vagina" and "vulnerable anus"
  98. Darlene
  99. Guylene
  100. Lata's narratives as evidence of structural violence
  101. Political economy of risks
  102. The role of inequality in promoting HIV transmission
  103. Symbolic violence
  104. Condom usage and HIV
  105. Blaming the victim
  106. How poverty, racism, sexism and political violence influence HIV infection
  107. Three problematic Western texts on AIDS in Africa: 1)"Africans won't use condoms", 2)"Africans have such poor medical care that they can't properly diagnose AIDS", :bad blood", "slim disease", 3)"AIDS is a disease of poverty"
  108. Problems with linking race and poverty to HIV/AIDS
  109. Fixed "cultural differences" between Africa and the West
  110. Romanticism of "cultural sensitivity"
  111. Pharmaceutical trials in Africa
  112. Patents
  113. AIDS dissident opinion
  114. TAC
  115. TRIPS
  116. Sex work and HIV transmission

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