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Who is a ''Historian''?
A Historian is a person who studies the past.
How do we find out about History?
- We can find out through Primay and Secondary sources, such as:
- Stories Paintings/Photo
- Films Documents
- Artefacts Books
Whats a Primary Source?
A Primary Source is a Source coming directly from the time of the event. (E.G) Photos,Diaries,Documents,Artefacts and Film footage.
Whats a Secondary Source?
- A Secondary Source is a source coming after the time being studied. (EG)
- School Textbook
What three Periods is the''Stona Age'' Divided into?
- PALAEOLTHIC (early stona age)
- MESOLITHIC (middle stone age)
- NEOLITHIC (new stone age)
Why Did the ''PALEOLITHIC'' period have no evidence for human habitation?
Ireland was covered in ice as this time.
When did the ''MESOLITHIC'' period take place?
Roughly from 8,000BC-3,500 BC
How did the Mesolithic people get accross from England to Ireland?
They rowed accross in 'DUGOUT CANOES''
What were their tools and weapons made from?
Their weapons are made from stone (there was no metal discovered yet)
What was their weapons made from in th Mesolithic Period?
- *Axe Heads
What type of lifestyle did the Mesolithic people have?
- They had a 'NOMADIC' lifestyle.
- (they moved around when food was scarce)
How was Food cooked in the Mesolithic period?
Food was cooked over a fire on a "spit'
What did Mesolithic people probably wear?
Where is the main Source of evidence from the "Mesolithic Period''?
MOUNT SANDEL in CO.DERRY
When was the ''NEOLITHIC PERIOD''?
Which 5 skills did the ''Neolithic people'' bring?
- 1. FARMING
- 4.POTTERY MAKING
What was the ground ploughed with to cut crops during the ''Neolithic Period'' ?
What Crops and Animals were reared and grown during the 'Neolithic Period'?
- WHEAT+BARLEY was GROWN
- SHEEP+CATTLE were REARED and hunted.
Name 3 main types of 'Megalithic' big stone-tombs.
- 1.COURT CAIRN.
- 2.PASSAGE GRAVES.
- 3.PORTAL DOLMENS.
What is a COURT CAIRN?
Tomb - MEGALITHIC (neolithic period)
COURT= Space at front- Religious gathering
CAIRN= A chamber orignally covered by a mound of stones
Goods were placed with ashed for 'afterlife'
300 COURT CAIRNS CAN STILL BE FOUND
What are PASSAGE GRAVES?
Tomb= MEGALITHIC (neolithic period)
Large mounds of Earth + Stone - 85 metres with a passge leading inside the mound to the Burial Chamber.
HILLTOPS - powerful peolpe were only buried there.
30- MEATH (NewGrange)= December 21st
What is a PORTAL DOLMEN?
Tomb (MEGALITHIC) = (neolithic period)
2 large standing stone, CAPSTONE resting accross the top.
POULNABRONE dolmen - Co.Clare (22 bodies,stone axes + bone necklaces)
Were MESOLITHIC houses stronger then NEOLITHIC houses?