MFT Diagnostic Combined Set 3

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MFT Diagnostic Combined Set 3
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2010-01-26 18:55:32
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MFT Diagnostic Combined Set 3
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  1. In a diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa the ____________ of these individuals is highly dependent on body weight and shape.
    SELF-ESTEEM
  2. In a diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa, weight loss is usually achieved by ____________ and may include the use of laxatives, purging, or excessive exercise.
    DECREASING TOTAL FOOD INTAKE
  3. Individuals diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa are often _______________ with thoughts of food.
    PRE-OCCUPIED
  4. Individuals diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa typically ______________ their eating problems and, consequently are resistant to treatment.
    MINIMIZE OR DENY
  5. When Anorexia includes episodes of binge eating and purging, the appropriate diagnosis is ________________.
    ANOREXIA NERVOSE, BINGE-EATING / PURGING TYPE
  6. The onset of Anorexia Nervosa is most often _______________.
    IN ADOLESCENCE
  7. In the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa, the first priority is to __________________.
    GET THE INDIVIDUAL TO GAIN WEIGHT (EAT).
  8. Bulimia Nervosa is characterized by recurrent episodes of _______________ that are follwed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain such as self-indiced vomiting, the use of laxatives or diuretics, or excessive exercise.
    BINGE EATING
  9. Episodes of Bulimia Nervosa are accompanied by a sense of __________ or dissociation.
    LOSS OF CONTROL
  10. Individuals with Bulimia Nervosa are ___________ of their eating behaviors and attempt to conceal them.
    ASHAMED
  11. In Bulimia Nervosa, medical complications of repeated purging include electrolyte imbalances which can, in some cases result in __________.
    CARDIAC ARRYTHMIAS and CARDIAC ARREST
  12. As in Anorexia Nervosa, over _________ percent of individuals with Bulimia Nervosa are female.
    (90) NINETY
  13. Anxiety and _________ behaviors are the key features of the various Anxiety Disorders.
    AVOIDANCE
  14. Panic Disorder can occur with or without _______________ and involves the presence of one or more panic attacks.
    AGORAPHOBIA
  15. Panic attacks are characterized by palpitations, sweating, chest pain and de-realization and are often accompanied by a sense of __________ or urge to escape.
  16. DOOM
  17. While the panic attacks associated with Panic Disorder are always _________________, the attacks that accompany other Anxiety Disorder may be either unexpected, situationally bound, or situationally predisposed.
  18. UNEXPECTED
  19. Agoraphobia can occur with or without ______________.
  20. PANIC ATTACKS
  21. Agoraphobia is characterized by anxiety about being in situations in which _______________ might not be possible or where help might not be available.
    ESCAPE
  22. __________________ is generally considered the treatment-of-choice for Agoraphobia.
    IN VIVO EXPOSURE WITH RESPONSE PREVENTION (FLOODING)
  23. In the treatment of Agoraphobia, ______________ drugs (especially imipramine) have been found useful.
  24. ANTI-DEPRESSANT
  25. _______________ Phobia involves a marked fear of a specific object or situation (e.g. fear of dogs or elevators) while Social Phobia is characterized by a fear of social or ____________ situations that may entail scrutiny or evaluation by others.
    1. SPECIFIC

    2. PERFORMANCE
  26. From a perspective of Mowrer's two-factor theory, Specific Phobia is due to a combination of _______________.
    CLASSICAL AND OPERANT CONDITIONING
  27. Treatment for a Specific Phobia often entails in in vivo or imaginal ____________ to the feared stimulus.
    EXPOSURE
  28. For Social Phobia, there is some evidence that phenelzine (an MAOI) or a _____________ may be useful
    BETA BLOCKER
  29. The Cluster C Personality Disorders are all characterized by _______ or __________.
    ANXIETY OR FEARFULNESS
  30. Avoidant Personality Disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of __________, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation.
    SOCIAL INHIBITION
  31. Despite their desire for social involvement, individuals with Avoidant Personality Disorder may decline job promotions and are unwilling to get involved with others because of their extreme fear of __________.
    CRITICISM or REJECTION
  32. Dependent Personality Disorder involves an excessive need to _________, which leads to submissive and clinging behaviors and a fear of ________.
    1. BE TAKEN CARE OF

    2. SEPARATION
  33. People with Dependent Personality Disorder avoid disagreeing or arguing with others and may be willing to engage in __________ activities or even tolerate abuse.
    UNPLEASANT or DEMEANING
  34. Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder entails a pervasive preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal ________.
  35. CONTROL
  36. People with Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder force themselves and others to adhere to rigid __________ principles and standards of performance and are unwilling to _________.
    1.MORAL

    2. COMPROMISE
  37. ADHD is characterized by a persisten, developmentally - inappropriate pattern of _____________ and/ or hyperactivity - impulsivity.
    INATTENTION
  38. A diagnosis of ADHD requires an onset of symptoms prior to age _____________ and evidence of impairment in at least _______ different settings.
    1. SEVEN

    2. TWO
  39. In childhood, ADHD is _____________ times more common in males than females.
    FOUR TO NINE
  40. It has been estimated that up to _______ percent of individual with ADHD continue to experience problems in adulthood.
    70%
  41. According to the _____________ hypothesis, ADHD is not due to attentional deficits, but to an inability to regulate one's behavior to fit the ____________.
    1. BEHAVIORAL DISINHIBITION

    2. DEMANDS OF THE SITUATION
  42. ________________ (e.g. Ritalin) and behaviorial techniques are the most common treatment for ADHD.
    CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANTS
  43. When using reinforcement in the treatment of ADHD, secondary or __________ rewards are usually more effective than social reinforcement.
    TANGIBLE
  44. Behavioral interventions for the treatment of ADHD are most successful when __________ participate in the program and provide their children with a(n) _________ schedule and environment
    1. PARENTS

    2. STRUCTURED
  45. Conduct Disorder is characterized by a pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others and / or ____________.
    AGE-APPROPRIATE SOCIAL RULES
  46. Conduct Disorder is associated with a number of family factors including abuse and neglect, ____________ family size, and parental conflicts and _____________.
    1. LARGE

    2. PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
  47. Oppositional Defiant Disorder involves a recurrent patten of ___________ behaviors.
    NEGATIVISTIC, HOSTILE AND DEFIANT
  48. The mental disorders included in DSM-IV are divided into three categories: Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition: ___________ Disorders; and ___________ Mental Disorders
    1. SUBSTANCED - INDUCED

    2. PRIMARY
  49. Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition share three diagnostic criteria; First there must be evidence that the condition is the direct ______________ of a general medical condition. Second, the disorder is not better accounted for by another diagnosis. Third, the disturbance does not occur only during an episode of ______________.
    1. PHYSIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCE

    2. DELIRIUM
  50. ________________ Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition involves symptoms such as motor immobility or extreme motor activity, negativism, mutism and / or echopraxia.
  51. CATATONIC
  52. ________________ Due to a General Medical Condition involves a marked change in the person's characteristic personality.
  53. PERSONALITY CHANGE
  54. ____________ is characterized by a persistent eating of non-nutritive substances, while ________ involves a failure to eat adequately for at least one month, resulting in a significant loss of weight or a failure to gain weight. ______________ involves the repeated chewing, swallowing and regurgitation of food.
    1. PICA 2. FEEDING DISORDER OF INFANCY OR EARLY CHILDHOOD 3. RUMINAITON DISORDER
  55. Tourette's Disorder is diagnosed in the resence of at least one ____________ and multiple ____________.
    1. VOCAL TIC

    2. MOTOR TICS
  56. Onset of Tourette's Disorder is prior to age _______________, and treatment often includes the administration of a(n) ___________ drug.
    1. 18

    2. ANTIPSYCHOTIC
  57. The essential feature of Enuresis is repeated involuntary or ___________________ voiding of urine during the day or night into the bed or clothes.
  58. INTENTIONAL
  59. The usual treatment for Enuresis includes the use of the ________________, which wakes the child up when he / she urinates in bed at night.
  60. BELL AND PAD
  61. Children with _______________ exhibit inappropriate, excessive anxiety when separation from home or attachment figures occurs or is anticipated.
    SEPARATION ANXIETY DISORDER
  62. Separation Anxiety Disorder is often manifested as ________________ phobia.
    SCHOOL
  63. When an individual exhibits disturbed social relatedness in multiple settings prior to age five, the diagnosis may be ______________ of Infancy or Early Childhood.
  64. REACTIVE ATTACHMENT DISORDER
  65. A diagnosis of Reactive Attachment Disorder requires evidence of _______________.
  66. PATHOGENIC CARE
  67. _______________ is characterized by seemingly driven, repetitive nonfunctional motor behaviors that cause physical harm and / or interfere significantly with normal activities.
  68. STEREOTYPIC MOVEMENT DISORDER
  69. A diagnosis of Mental Retardation requires an IQ of _____ or below; deficits in __________ functioning; and an onset of symptoms prior to age _______.
    1. 70

    2. Adaptive Functioning

    3. 18
  70. Individuals with a diagnosis of Mild Mental Retardation can, with appropriate education, achieve a ______________ grade level.
  71. 6th
  72. Down's Syndrome accounts for about 10 to 30% percent of all cases of Mental Retardation and is caused by the presence of an extra ________________
  73. Chromosome
  74. A Learning Disorder is diagnosed when a person's score on a measure of academic achievement is at least ____________ standard deviations below his / her score on a(n) _______________ test†
    1. "TWO"

    2. "IQ"
  75. Individuals with Learning Disorders often exhibit delays in ______________ development and / or motor coordination.
  76. LANGUAGE
  77. The onset of Stuttering is most often between the ages of __________.
  78. 2 and 7
  79. Stuttering must be distinguised from normal _________________ that occurs in early childhood
  80. SPEECH DYSFLUENCY
  81. Delirium is characterized by a disturbance in _____________ that is accompanied by impairments in cognition and / or abnormalities in _____________.
    1. CONSCIOUSNESS

    2. PERCEPTION
  82. In Delirium, changes in cognition often include memory loss, especially loss of _____________ memory.
  83. RECENT
  84. In Delirium, there may be increases or decreases in ______________ activity and emotional lability.
  85. PSYCHOMOTOR
  86. Symptoms of Delirium typically develop rapidly and __________ in severity during the course of the day.
  87. ALCOHOL
  88. Treatment for Delirium typically includes administration of a(n) _____________ drug and providing the individual with an environment that is designed to minimize _____________.
    1. ANTI-PSYCHOTIC

    2. DISORIENTATION
  89. Dementia is characterized by impaired _______________ plus evidence of at least one other type of cognitive disturbance (e.g. apraxia, agnosia).
  90. MEMORY
  91. People with Dementia often exhibit deficits in _____________ functioning and show impairments in abstract thinking.
  92. EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONING
  93. The term executive function describes a set of cognitive abilities that control and regulate other abilities and behaviors. Executive functions are necessary for goal-directed behavior. They include the ability to initiate and stop actions, to monitor and change behavior as needed, and to plan future behavior when faced with novel tasks and situations. Executive functions allow us to anticipate outcomes and adapt to changing situations. The ability to form concepts and think abstractly are often considered components of executive function.
  94. People with Dementia are often unaware of their deficits in executive functioning or seem ______________ about them.
  95. UNCONCERNED
  96. Alzheimer's Dementia, the single-most common cause of dementia, usually begins with deficits in ________ memory and changes in _______________.
    1. RECENT

    2 PERSONALITY
  97. Late onset of Alzheimer's Dementia, (after age ________) is more common than early onset.
  98. 65
  99. Amnestic Disorder is characterized by an inability to ________________ or to recall previously learned information or past events.
  100. LEARN NEW INFORMATION
  101. Amnestic Disorder must be distinguished from normal ________________ declines in memory.
  102. AGE-RELATED

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