Anatomy Lecture Final

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hoving22
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52504
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Anatomy Lecture Final
Updated:
2010-11-30 21:11:28
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Anatomy lecture final
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Last lecture exam
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  1. Name two structures found in the lower respiratiory system:
    • 1.lungs
    • 2.trachea
  2. The thyroid cartilage is composed of ______ cartilage.
    hyaline
  3. To produce sound, air is exhaled over the _______
    true vocal cords
  4. The trachea divides at a ridge called the _______ into the left and right primary bronchi
    carina
  5. Why do inhaled objects often enter the right primary bronchus?
    it's wider and more vertical
  6. Which lung as the cardiac notch?
    left
  7. what is the function of the pleurae?
    produce serious fluid between lungs and thoracic wall
  8. What type of cells secretes an oily coating to prevent the alveoli from sticking together after exhilation?
    surfactant
  9. Inspiration is an _________ process
    active
  10. For inspiration to occur, the pressure in the thoracic cavity must be ______ than atmospheric pressure.
    lower
  11. What law describes the relationship of pressure within the chest cavity and atmospheric pressure?
    Boyles law
  12. The _______ is the amount of air normally inhaled or exhaled
    tidal volume
  13. The ______ is the IRV+TV+ERV
    vital capacity
  14. What is the primary function of the gallbladder?
    stores and concentrates bile salts used in digestion of lipids
  15. What is the primary function of the small intestine?
    digestion and absorption
  16. Which two mouth structures are digestive-system accessory stuctures?
    • teeth
    • slaivary glands
  17. What are the three anatomical regions of the pharynx to the stomach?
    • nasopharynx
    • oropharynx
    • laryngopharynx
  18. What structure connects the pharynx to the stomach?
    esophagus
  19. What does the lower esophageal sphincter do?
    prevents stomach contents backwashing into esophagus
  20. Where is the esophageal hiatus located?
    esophagus and diaphram meeting point
  21. What are the three major regions of the small intestine?
    • duodenum
    • jejenum
    • ileum
  22. The _____ is the site of water absorption and waste compaction
    Large intestine
  23. What separates the right and left lobe of the liver?
    falciform ligament
  24. What do hepatocytes do?
    secret bile to breakdown fats
  25. What is the functional unit of the kidney?
    Nephron
  26. During what process do solutes and water still needed by the body reenter the blood?
    Filtration
  27. What happens in the glomerulous?
    B.P. forces materials out of the blood and into bowmans capsule
  28. What is pyuria?
    Leukocytes in urine; UTI
  29. What do nitrites in the urine possibly indicate?
    UTI

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