Ch. 23 Mental Health

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pshah43
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Ch. 23 Mental Health
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2010-11-30 21:52:38
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CLC HIT 111 medical terminology
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  1. compensation
    effort to overcome, or make up for, real or imagined inadequacies
  2. introjection
    ego defense mechanism whereby an individual unconsciously identifies with another person or with some object
  3. regression
    response to stress in which the individual reverts to an earlier level of development and the comfort measures associated with the level of functioning
  4. sublimation
    rechanneling or redirecting one's unacceptable impulses and drives into constructive activities
  5. affect
    observable evidence of a person's feelings or emotions
  6. amphetamines
    group of nervous system stimulants that prodcue alertness and a feeling of well-being (euphoria)
  7. apathy
    absence or suppression of observable emotion, feeling, concern, or passion
  8. behavoir therapy
    form of psychotherapy that seeks ot modivfiy observable maladjusted patterns of behavoir by substituting new responses to given stimuli
  9. cannabis
    mind-altering drug derived form flowering top of hemp plants; also called marijuana
  10. cataplexy
    sudden loss of muscle tone in which the individual's head may drop, jaw may sag, knees become weakened, and the individual may collapse or fall to the ground; may accompany a narcolepsy attack
  11. compulsions
    irresistible, repetitive, irrational impulses to perform an act; intended to reduce anxiety
  12. conversion disorder
    disorder in which the individual represses anxiety experienced by emotional conflicts by converting the anxious feelings into physical symptoms that have no organic basis but ar perceived to be real by the individual
  13. cyclothymic disorder
    chornic mood disorder characterized by numerous periods of mood swings from depression to happiness. at least 2 years
  14. delirium
    state of frenzied excitement of wild enthusiasm
  15. delirium tremens
    acute and sometimes fatal psychotic reaction casued by cessation of excessive intake of alcoholic beverages over a long period of time
  16. delusion
    persistent, abnormal belief or perception held firmly by a person despite evidence to the contrary
  17. demntia
    progressive, organic mental disorder characterized by chronic personality disintegration, confusion, disorientation, stupor, deterioration or intellectual capacity and function, and impairment of ocntorl of memory, judgement, and impusles
  18. dissociation
    defense mechanism; idea, thought, emotion, or othermental process is separated from teh consciousness and tereby loses emotional significance
  19. dysphoria
    disorder of affect (mood) characterized by depression and anguish
  20. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
    process of passing an electrical current through the brain to create a brief seizure in the brain
  21. factitious disorders
    physical or psychological symptoms that are intentionally produced or feigned to assume the sick role
  22. free association
    spontaneous, consciously unrestricted association of ideas, feelings or mental images
  23. frotteurism
    sexual disorder in which the person gains sexual stimulation or excitement by rubbing against a nonconsenting person
  24. hypomania
    mild degree of mania; optimism, excitability, energetic and productive behavior, marked by hyperactivity and talkativeness, heightened sexual interest, quickness to anger, irritabilitity and decreased need for sleep
  25. lithium
    drug useful in treating manic phase of bipolar disorder
  26. malingering
    willful and deliberate faking of sympotoms of a disease or injury to gain some consciously desired end
  27. mutism
    inability to speak because of a physical defect or emotional problem
  28. neurosis
    psychological or behavioral disorder in which anxiety is the primary characteristic; thought to be related to unresolved conflicts
  29. paraphilia
    sexual perversion or deviation; condition in which the sexual instinct is expressed in ways that are socially prohibited, unacceptable, or biolgoically undesireable
  30. psychodrama
    role-playing therapy
    form of group psychotherapy in which people act out their emotional problems through unrehearsed dramatizations
  31. psychosis
    major mental disorder of organic or emotional origin characterized by a loss of oncatct with reality
  32. psychosomatic
    pertaining to the expression of an emotional conflict through physical symptoms
  33. psychotropic
    substance capable of afffecting the mind, emotions and behavior; drugs used in the treatment of mental illness
  34. schizophrenia
    any of a large group of psychotic disorders characterized by gross distortion of reality, disturbances of languages and communication, withdrawal from soical interaction, an ddisorganization and fragmentation of though perception, and emotional reaction
  35. senile dementia
    organic mental disorder of the aged, resulting from the generalized atrophy of the brain wiht no evidence of cerebrovascualr disease
  36. sexual sadism/sexual masochism
    act of being humilated, beaten, bound, or otherwise made to suffer
  37. somatoform disorders
    any gorup of neurotic disorders characterized by symptoms suggesting physical illness or disease for which there are no demonstrable organic causes or physiological dysfunctions
  38. sublimation
    rechanneling or redirecting one's unacceptable impusles and drives into constructive activities
  39. Munchausen syndrome (by proxy)
    somewhat rare form of child abuse in which a parent of a child falsifies an illness in a child by fabricating or creating the symptoms and then seeks frequent medical attention for the child
  40. pain disorder
    psychological disorder in which the patient experiences pain in teh absence of physiologic findings
  41. dissociative amnesia
    indivudal is unable to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature
  42. dissociative fugue
    individual separates from a past life and associations, wanders away for a period of time and returns with no recollection of the disappearance
  43. dissociative identity disorder
    presence of two or more distinct personalities wihtin one individual
  44. antisocial personality disorder
    repetitive behavorial patterns that lack moral and ethical standards, keeping the individual in continuous conflict with society
  45. borderline personality disorder
    extensive pattern of instability of interpersonal realtionsihps, self-image, and marked impulsivity that begins by early adulthood and is present in a variety of contexts
  46. schizoid personality disorder
    inabilitiy to form social relationships; emotionally cold or indifferent
  47. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
    self-report personality test that consists of 550 statements that can be answered "true," "false," or "cannot say."
  48. Rorschach inkblot test
    personality test that involves the use of 10 inkblot cards, half balck and white and half in color. shown to an individual one at a time and asked to describe what they see in the card
  49. thematic apperception test (TAT)
    designed to elicit stories that reveal something about an individual's personlaity. Series of 30 black and white pictures, each on an individual card
  50. intelligence testing
    measure an individual's ability to adapt and constructively solve problems in the environment
  51. CA
    chronologic age
  52. DAP
    draw-a-person personality test
  53. DSM
    diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
  54. LSD
    lysergic acid diethylamide (hallucinogenic drug)
  55. MA
    mental age
  56. PCP
    phencyclidine (psychoactive drug)
  57. WAIS
    wechsler adult intelligence scale
  58. WISC
    wechler intellegence scale for children
  59. WPPSI
    wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence

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