GI SYSTEM 2.txt

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lunchbox
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52547
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GI SYSTEM 2.txt
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2010-12-01 22:29:33
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CBC Radiology
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Updated GI system flashcards. Yeah, I know some of the spelling is jacked.
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  1. TWO TYPES OF GLANDS ASSOCIATED WITH CHANING THE COMPOSITION OF FOOD ARE THE _____ AND ___.
    ENDOCRINE, EXOCRINE
  2. FAT DIGESTION REQUIRES ______ TO PERMIT IT TO MIX WITH WATER.
    EMULSIFICATION
  3. THE PANCREAS PRODUCES ENZYMES FOR DIGESTION OF _______.
    PROTEIN
  4. FOUR EXAMPLES OF FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS
    ADEK
  5. THE PANCREAS SECRETES _____ AND _______ TO CONTROL THE LEVEL OF GLUCOSE IN THE CIRCULATING BLOOD.
    GLUCAGON, INSULIN
  6. THE RADIOGRAPHIC APPEARANCE OF ______ IS SERPIGINOUS THICKENING OF FOLDS RESEMBLING THE BEADS OF A ROSARY.
    ESOPHAGEAL VARICIES
  7. THE ENZYME _____ CAUSES AN INFLAMMATORY PROCESS THE OCCUR MOST OFTEN IN THE LESSER CURVATURE OF THE STOMACH RESULTING IN A ______ ______
    PEPSIN, PEPTIC ULCER
  8. _____ DISEASE OF THE SMALL BOWEL USUALLY INVOLVES THE TERMINAL ILEUM AND IS A GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATORY PROCESS.
    CROHN'S
  9. AN APPENDICOLITH MAY CAUSE GANGRENE OR PERFERATION RESULTING IN _______
    APPENDICITIS
  10. PATIENTS WITH ULCERATIVE COLITIS ARE 10 TIMES MORE FREQUENTLY AFFECTED BY _________.
    CARCINOMA OF THE COLON (COLON CANCER)
  11. A LOSS OF HAUSTRA MARKINGS AND DEEP ULCERATIONS OUTLINED BY INTRALUMINAL GAS MAY INDICATE______?
    ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  12. A SESSILE POLYP DEMONSTRATING GROWTH WITH AN IRREGULAR OR LOBULATED SURFACE ON SEQUENTIAL EXAMINATIONS IS INDICITIVE OF?
    COLON CANCER
  13. CALCIFICATION OF THE WALL OF THE GALLBLADDER IS REFERRED TO AS A ________ GALLBLADDER INDICATING THE POSSIBILITY OF CARCINOMA.
    PORCELAIN
  14. THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF PNEUMOPERITONEUM IS ASSOCIATED WITH _____ OF AN ______.
    PERFERATION OF AN ULCER
  15. _____ CONSISTS OF SALTS, CHOLESTEROL, AND BILIRUBEN
    BILE
  16. EXCESS GLUCOSE IN THE BODY IS STORED AS?
    GLUCAGON
  17. WHAT ORGAN PRODUCES BILE?
    LIVER
  18. WHAT DISEASE APPEARS AS A PERSISTANT COLLECTION OF BARIUM SURROUNDED BY A HALO OF EDEMA?
    GASTRIC ULCER
  19. ESOPHAGEAL LUMEN DOES NOT DEVELOP SEPARATELY FROM THE TRACHEA, KNOWN AS?
    TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA
  20. INFLAMMATORY PROCESS OF THE STOMACH AND DUODENUM CAUSED BY THE ACTION OF ACID.
    PEPTIC ULCER
  21. MOST COMMON MANIFESTATION OF PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE?
    DUODENAL ULCER
  22. MOST OFTEN THIS TUMOR IS OF SQUAMOUS CELL TYPE AND OCCURS AT THE ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION
    ESOPHAGEAL CARCINOMA
  23. MUCH OF THE STOMACH LIES WITHIN THE THORACIC CAVITY
    HIATAL HERNIA
  24. NORMAL SQUAMOUS LINING IS DESTROYED AND REPLACED WITH COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM
    BARRETT'S ESOPHAGUS
  25. AN INFLAMMATORY PROCESS USUALLY OF THE PROXIMAL COLON INVOLVING MULTIPLE NONCONTINGUOUS SEGMENTS (SKIP LESIONS)
    CROHN'S COLITIS
  26. CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMARTORY DISORDER OF UNKNOWN CAUSE
    CROHN'S DISEASE
  27. DISORDER OF INTESTINAL MOTILITY IN WHICH FLUID AND GAS DO NOT PROGRESS NORMALLY
    ADYNAMIC ILEUS
  28. MOST COMMON CAUSE OF BOWEL OBSTRUCTION IN CHILDREN CAUSED BY THE BOWEL TELESCOPING INTO ITSELF
    INTUSSUSCEPTION
  29. OUTPOUCHING REPRESENTING ACQUIRED HERNIATIONS OF MUCOSA AND SUBMUCOSA THROUGH WEAK POINTS IN MUSCULAR LAYER
    DIVERTICULOSIS
  30. TWISTING OF THE BOWEL ON ITSELF LEADING TO INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION
    VOLVULUS
  31. CHRONIC PROCESS OF DESTRUCTION OF LIVER CELLS AND STRUCTURE CAUSING END-STAGE LIVER DISEASE
    CIRRHOSIS
  32. EXTENSIVE CALCIFCATION IN THE WALL OF THE GALLBLADDER
    PORCALAIN GALLBLADDER
  33. MOST COMMON NEOPLASTIC PROCESS INVOLVING THE LIVER
    HEPATIC METASTASIS
  34. PRIMARY LIVER CANCER
    HEPATICELLUALR CARCINOMA
  35. A FUNCTIONAL OBSTRUCTION OF THE DISTAL ESOPHAGUS DUE TO INCOMPLETE RELAZATION OF THE LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER
    ACHALASIA
  36. THE LOSS OF MOTILITY IN THE SMALL BOWEL IS REFERRED TO AS
    ADYNAMIC ILEUS
  37. A DONUT-SHAPED LESION ON A TRANSVERSE SONOGRAM OF THE INTESTINE IS SUSPICIOUS OF AN
    INTUSSUSCEPTION
  38. MODALITY OF CHOICE TO VISUALIZE GALLSTONES?
    US
  39. LARGE AMOUNTS OF FAT IN THE LIVER SEEN ON ct OF us IMAGES ARE SUGGESTIVE OF?
    CIRRHOSIS
  40. WHAT IS THE FIBROUS TISSUE BAND AROUND THE COLON?
    TENIAE COLI
  41. ESOPHAGITIS IS BEST SEEN WITH WHAT MODALITY?
    BARIUM STUDIES
  42. MOST COMMON HERNIA?
    SLIDDING HIATAL HERNIA
  43. MUCOSAL RING AT JUNCTION OF STOMACH AND ESOPHAGUS AS THE RESULT OF HIATAL HERNIA?
    SCHATZKI'S RING
  44. HIATAL HERNIAS ARE BEST VISUALIZED WITH?
    BARIUM STUDIES (UGI)
  45. ESOPHAGEAL CARCINOMA IS MOST COMMON AT THE ______________ JUNCTION.
    ESOPHOGASTRIC
  46. 5YR SURVIVAL RATE % FOR ESOPHEGEAL CARCINOMA?
    5-10%
  47. MODALITY BEST USED TO VISUALIZE ESOPHAGEAL CARCINOMA?
    CT
  48. ESOPHAGEAL VARICES ARE MOST COMMONLY THE RESULT OF?
    PORTAL HYPERTENSION
  49. PORTAL HYPERTENSION IS USUALLY THE RESULT OF?
    CIRRHOSIS
  50. IF PORTAL VEIN IS BLOCKED, DRAINING ORGANS CANNOT DRAIN WHICH CAN RESULT IN?
    SPLEENOMEGALLY AND ESOPHAGEAL VARICIES
  51. WHAT PATHOLOGY IS VISUALIZED AS BEADS OF A ROSERY?
    ESOPHAGEAL VARICIES
  52. ROUNDED SHARPLY PUNCHED OUT HOLES IN MUCOSA?
    ULCER
  53. 95% OF DUODENAL ULCERS ARE IN THE ______.
    BULB
  54. FREE PERFORATION OF A PEPIC ULCER IN THE STOMACH OR DUODENUM IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF?
    PNEUMOPERITONEUM WITH PERITONITIS
  55. GASTRIC ULCERS ARE MOST COMMON IN THE?
    LESSER CURVATURE
  56. WHAT PERCENT OF GASTRIC ULCERS BECOME MALIGNANT?
    5%
  57. GASTRIC CARCINOMA CAN BE A COMPLICATION OF?
    GASTRIC ULCER
  58. GASTRIC CARCINOMAS METASTASIZES TO?
    LIVER, LYMPH NODES AND SEEDS INTO PERITONEUM
  59. THREE TYPES OF SMALL INTESTINAL HERNIAS?
    INGUINAL, FEMORAL, UMBILICAL
  60. MECHANICAL BOWEL OBSTRUCTIONS CAN RESULT FROM?
    SCARING AFTER HEALING FROM SURGERY
  61. BOWEL TELESCOPES INSIDE ITSELF, MOST COMMON IN CHILDREN (1.5-2YRS)?
    INTUSSUSCEPTION
  62. INTUSSUSCEPTION IN ADULTS CAN BE CAUSED BY?
    MASS OR LESION, PEDUNCULATED POLYP PROPELLED BY PERISTALSIS
  63. COMPLETE TWISTING OF A LOOP OF BOWEL?
    VOLVULUS
  64. RADIOGRAPHI APPEARANCE OF VOLVULUS?
    BIRD'S BEAK
  65. WHAT TYPE OF STUDY IS PERFORMED FOR A SUSPECTED VOLVULUS AND WHY?
    GASTROGRAPHIN STUDY, CONCERN OF PERFORATION
  66. MECHANICAL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION USUALLY HAS LOTS OF GAS IN THE BOWEL BUT NO GAS IN THE _______.
    COLON AND RECTUM
  67. MECHANICAL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION WILL HAVE LOTS OF _____ AND _______.
    PERISTALSIS AND BOWEL SOUNDS
  68. ADYNAMIC ILEUS IS ALSO KNOWN AS?
    PARALYTIC ILEUS
  69. WHAT IS PARALYTIC ILEUS (ADYNAMIC)
    FAILURE OF PERISTALSIS
  70. UNLIKE MECHANICAL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION, PARALYTIC ILEUS WILL HAVE NO...?
    PERISTALSIS AND BOWEL SOUNDS
  71. REGIONAL ENTERITIS IS ALSO KNOWN AS?
    CROHN'S DISEASE
  72. CROHN'S DISEASE TYPICALLY AFFECTS THE?
    TERMINAL ILEUM
  73. FISTULA FORMATION IS COMMON WITH?
    CROHN'S DISEASE
  74. WHAT DISEASE HAS SKIP LESIONS? WHICH DOES NOT HAVE SKIP LESIONS?
    CROHN'S DISEASE, ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  75. TWO DISEASE THAT ARE CONSIDERED IBD (INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE)?
    CROHN'S AND ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  76. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE ULCERATIVE COLITIS MAY DEVELOP COLON CANCER?
    30-50%
  77. TOXIC MEGACOLON IS OFTEN A COMPLICATION OF?
    ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  78. WHAT DISEASE OF THE COLON HAS THE APPEARANCE OF A LEAD PIPE (HAUSTRA PATTERN ABSENT)
    ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  79. MODALITY OF CHOICE TO VISUALIZE AN APPENDICITIS?
    US, LOOKING FOR BULLSEYE
  80. SACULAR OUTPOUCHING OF THE COLON?
    DIVERTICULOSIS
  81. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF DIVERTICULOSIS IS IN THE SIGMOID COLON?
    95%
  82. LLQ PAIN (LEFT SIDED APPENDICITIS) IS A SYMPTOM OF?
    DIVERTICULITIS
  83. COLORECTAL POLYPS?
    ANY LESION THAT PROTRUDES INTO THE LUMEN OF THE COLON
  84. OF THE TWO, HYPERPLASTIC OR ADENOMATOUS POLYPS, WHICH IS MORE COMMON TO DEVELOP CANCER?
    ADENOMATOUS
  85. TWO CLASSIFICATIONS OF ADENOMATOUS POLYPS?
    PEDUNCULATED (MOST COMMON) SESSILE (VILLOUS)
  86. SESSILE POLYPS ARE USUALLY MORE...
    INVASIVE
  87. MOST COLON CNCERS ARE ________.
    ADENOCARCINOMAS
  88. 1/2 OF COLON CANCERS OCCUR IN THE _______ AREA.
    RECTOSIGMOID
  89. RIGHT-SIDED LESIONS OF COLON CANCER APPEAR AS __________ WHEREAS LEFT-SIDED COLON CANCERS APPEAR AS _____________.
    CALLIFLOWER LIKE MASSES, APPLE CORE LESIONS
  90. HEMOCCULT IS A TEST FOR HIDDEN BLOOD IN?
    THE STOOL (LOOKING FOR BLACK STOOL)
  91. DYSPHAGIA AND SUBSTERNAL PAIN (HEARTBURN) IS A SYMPTOM OF?
    ESOPHAGITIS
  92. MAJOR CAUSE OF ESOPHAGITIS?
    REFLUX FROM HAITAL HERNIA
  93. BARRETT'S ESOPHAGUS IS BEST VISUALIZED WITH?
    NM
  94. SCHATZKI'S RING IS SEEN WITH WHAT PATHOLOGY?
    HIATAL HERNIA
  95. PORTAL VEIN DRAINS ABDOMINAL VEINS THROUGH THE ______ OUT THE ______ VEIN TO THE IVC.
    LIVER, HEPATIC
  96. A BARIUM STUDY THAT SHOWS WORM-LIKE DEFECTS IS THE VISUALIZATION OF?
    ESOPHAGEAL VARICIES
  97. IRRITANTS SUCH AS ASPRIN, EXCESSIVE COFFE, ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO ALONG WITH INFECTION AND RADIATION TREATMENTS ARE CAUSES OF?
    GASTRITIS
  98. A VERY COMMON SYMPTOM OF VOMITING UP BLOOD IS A CLINCIAL SIGN OF?
    GASTRITIS
  99. ABOUT ___% OF THE US POPULATION HAVE PEPTIC ULCERS
    10
  100. HELICOBACTERI PYLORI BACTERIA IS BETTER KNOWN AS? AND ASSOCIATED WITH? TREATED?
    H-PYLORIC, PEPTIC ULCERS, TREATED WITH ANTIBIOTICS
  101. DUODINAL ULCERS OCCUR _% MORE OFTEN THAN GASTRIC ULCERS
    4
  102. VIRTUALLY ALL ____ ULCERS ARE BENIGN.
    DUODENAL
  103. APPROX 5% OF THIS TYPE OF ULCER GO MALIGNANT
    GASTRIC
  104. GASTRIC CARCINOMA IS USUALLY AN __________?
    ADENOCARCINOMA (GLANDULAR TISSUE)
  105. STRANGULATED HERNIA?
    PIECE OF A HERNIA CAN BECOME ENTRAPPED AND BECOME NECROTIC
  106. OBSTRUCTION AND ______ IS COMMON WITH VOLVULUS?
    INFARCTION
  107. WHAT PATHOLOGY IS VISUALIZED AS A BIRD'S BEAK?
    VOLVULUS
  108. WITH MECHANICAL BOWEL OBSTRUCTIONS, THE POINT OF OBSTRUCTION IS ALWAYS ______ TO THE LOWEST LOOP OF DIALATED BOWEL.
    DISTAL
  109. PATHOLOGY? INTESTINAL WALL THICKENS, FIBROUS TISSUE FORMS, LUMEN NARROWS, LEADS TO CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIONS, FISTULA FORMATION IS COMMON.
    CROHN'S DISEASE
  110. WHAT DISEASE HAS SKIP LESIONS(AREAS)?
    CROHN'S
  111. WHAT DISEASE DOES NOT HAVE SKIP LESIONS(AREAS)
    ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  112. IBD IS A TERM USED FOR WHAT TWO DISEASES?
    CROHN'S AND ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  113. WHAT DISEASE IS A CHRONIC, RECURRENT, DIARRHEAL DISEASE KNOWN AS THE WASTING DISEASE?
    ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  114. PATIENTS WITH ULCERATIVE COLITIS ARE ___-____% MORE LIKELY TO DEVELOP COLON CANCER.
    30-50%
  115. SEVERE ULCERATIONS BEGIN IN THE RECTOSIGMOID AREA OF THIS DISEASE.
    ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  116. WHEN THE HAUSTRA PATTERN IS ABSENT ON A BARIUM STUDY, IT IS INDICITIVE OF?
    ULCERATIVE COLITIS (LEAD PIPE)
  117. _____% OF DIVERTICULOSIS IS IN THE SIGMOID COLON.
    95
  118. POLYPS ARE COMMON IS THE _____ COLON AND THE _________ AREAS.
    LEFT, RECTO-SIGMOID
  119. HYPERPLASTIC POLYPS ARE USUALLY _______.
    BENIGN
  120. NUMEROUS POLYPS TYPICALLY WITHIN THE COLON THAT MAY CARPET THE COLON AND REQUIRE THE ENTIRE COLON TO BE REMOVED TO PREVENT CARCINOMA IS?
    FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS
  121. 1/2 OF ALL COLON CANCERS OCCUR IN THE?
    RECTO-SIGMOID AREA
  122. _____-SIDED LESIONS ARE MORE COMMON WITH COLON CANCER.
    LEFT
  123. HEPATOPANCREATIC AMPULLA IS ALSO KNOWN AS?
    AMPULLA OF VATER
  124. SPHINCTER CHOLEDOCHUS IS ALSO KNOWN AS?
    SPHINCTER OF ODIE
  125. WHAT IS ICTERUS?
    JAUNDICE
  126. JAUNDICE IS CAUSED BY A BUILD UP OF _________ IN THE BLOOD.
    BILIRUBEN
  127. WHAT PERCENTAGE OF HAV PATIENTS HAVE JAUNDICE?
    50
  128. EXPOSURE FACTORS FOR HAV? VACCINE SHOTS?
    ORAL-FECAL, INFECTED FOOD HANDLERS TWO-6 MONTHS APART
  129. EXPOSURE FACTORS OF HBV? VACCINE SHOTS?
    BAD HEP! BODY FLUIDS, SEX, IV, CONTAMINATED NEEDLES, 3 SHOTS
  130. EXPOSURE FACTORS FOR HCV? VACCINE SHOTS?
    TRANSFUSION, NONE
  131. EXPOSURE FACTORS FOR HDV (DELTA)? VACCINE SHOTS?
    SAME AS HBV, NONE. MUST HAVE HBV TO GET HDV
  132. EXPOSURE FACTORS FOR HEV? VACCINE SHOTS?
    SAME AS HAV, FECAL-ORAL. NONE. 20% MORTALITY RATE FOR PREGNANT WOMEN
  133. NUMBER ONE CAUSE OF CIRRHOSIS?
    ALCOHOLISM
  134. PATHOLOGY? REFERRED TO AS HOBNAILED LIVER?
    CIRRHOSIS
  135. LIVER UNABLE TO INACTIVATE ESTROGEN, HAS FEMINIZING EFFECTS ON MALES, GYNECOMASTIA (ENLARGED BREASTS) TESTICULAR ATROPHY, PALMAR ERYTHEMIA ARE CLINICAL SIGNS OF?
    CIRRHOSIS
  136. WHAT IS PRIMARY LIVER CELL CARCINOMA CALLED?
    HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA
  137. ____ OF ALL PATIENTS DYING OF CANCER HAVE LIVER METS.
    HALF
  138. CHOLELITHIASIS AND BILIARY CALCULI ARE BETTER KNOWN AS?
    GALLSTONES
  139. ____% OF GALLSTONES CONSIST OF CHOLESTEROL
    80
  140. WHAT RESULTS FROM AUTODIGESTION OF THE PANCREAS?
    ACUTE PANCREATITIS
  141. NUMBER 1 AND 2 CAUSE OF ACUTE PANCREATITIS?
    ALCOHOLISM (EXCESSIVE) INFLAMMATION OF PANCREATIC DUCT DUE TO GALLSTONES
  142. MODALITY OF CHOICE TO VISUALIZE ACUTE PANCREATITIS?
    CT
  143. RISK FACTORS FOR ADENOCARCINOMA OF THE PANCREAS?
    BEING A MALE, SMOKING, NON-INSULIN DIABETICS, HIGH STARCH AND FAT DIET
  144. CANCER OF THE HEAD OF THE PANCREAS IS MOST COMMON AT ABOUT ____%.
    60
  145. CARCINOMA OF THE COLON AND RECTUM IS THE ____ LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH FROM CANCER IN THE US
    THIRD
  146. UNLIKE IN ULCERATIVE COLITIS, IN ____________ THE RECTUM IS OFTEN SPARED.
    CROHN'S COLITIS
  147. ONCE DIAGNOSED WITH HEPATIC METSASTASES, MOST PATIENTS FACE?
    IMMINENT DEATH (WITHIN MONTHS)
  148. _____ IS THE MODALITY OF CHOICE IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA
    CT
  149. ONE OF THE MOST CHARACTERISTIC SYMPTOMS OF CIRRHOSIS IS THE ACCUMULATION OF FLUID IN THE ______.
    PERITONEAL CAVITY (ASCITIES)
  150. HEMORRHOIDS ARE _________ OF THE LWER END OF THE RECTUM THAT CAUSE PAIN, ITCHING, AND BLEEDING.
    VERICOSE VEINS
  151. VOVULUS OF THE LARGE COLON USUALLY INVOLVES?
    CECUM AND SIGMOID COLON
  152. ABOUT ____% OF LAGE BOWEL OBSTRUCTIONS RESULT FROM COLON CARCINOMA.
    70
  153. ABOUT _____ OF COLON CANCERS OCCUR IN THE SIGMOID OR RECTAL AREA.
    HALF
  154. THE MAIN SYMPTOMS OF ________ INCLUDE BLOODY DIARRHEA, ABDOMINAL PAIN, FEVER AND WEIGHT LOSS.
    ULCERATIVE COLITIS
  155. A CHARACTERISTIC FEATURE OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS IS ALTERNATING PERIODS OF?
    REMISSION AND RELAPSE
  156. 5YR SURVIVAL RATE FOR PANCREATIC CANCER?
    4%
  157. THE MOST COMMON PANCREATIC MALIGNANCY IS?
    ADENOCARCINOMA (90%)
  158. 5YR SURVIVAL RATE FOR PANCREATIC CANCER
    2% LIVE 5YRS, MOST PATIENTS DIE IN 12-24MONTHS
  159. HOW LONG SHOULD A PATIENT BE UPRIGHT OR IN A LLD POSITION TO VISUALIZE PNEUMOPERITONEUM?
    10MIN

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