OCD is characterized by recurrent obsession and compulsions that are sufficiently severe to cause ____________, to be time consuming, and / or to significantly interfere with normal functioning.
SIGNIFICANT (MARKED) DISTRESS
Obsessions are persistent thoughts and impulses that the individual experiences as senseless or _______________ and that cause marked distress.
Compulsions are repetitious and deliberate behaviors or ________________ that the individual feels drawn to perform either in response to the obsession or according to _____________.
1. MENTAL ACTS
2. RIGID RULES
The treatment-of-choice for OCD is generally considered to be ________________.
IN VIVO EXPOSURE WITH RESPONSE PREVENTION (FLOODING)
In the treatment of OCD, the tricyclic ___________ has been found to be useful.
PTSD involves the development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to a trauma that entails witnessing or experiencing actual or threatened death or ________________ to self or others.
For a diagnosis of PTSD, the trauma must elicit a reaction of intense fear, helplessness, and horror and (a) persistent re-experiencing of the trauma; (b) persistent avoidance of ________________; and (c) symptoms of increased arousal.
STIMULI RELATED TO THE TRAUMA
To reduce distress and prevent delayed or chronic symptoms, the treatment of PTSD typically involves ______________.
When symptoms similar to those associated with PTSD have a duration of less than four weeks, the diagnosis is probably _____________.
ACUTE STRESS DISORDER
When symptoms involve excessive anxiety and worry about multiple events or activities for a period of at least six months, the likely diagnosis is _______________.
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
Substance- Induced Anxiety Disorder is associated with the use of several substances including intoxication or _____________ from cocaine