Card Set Information
Why do we know about Sumerian Civilization?
They left written records
Facts about Sumer
Only boys were educated and had power and wealth
Created 60 minute hour, 60 second minute 360 degree circle and use geometry to measure fields.
12 month calendar based on cycles of the moon
Impossible to live forever if you are not a god
Sumerian City States would always go to war with other city states to gain more territory and power
What is Polytheism?
Belief in many gods
What is a ziggurat?
Hill of Heaven or Mountain of God
Large temple that only priests are allowed to enter
How are city states separated?
Distance and land forms, mud and scorching deserts
How would city states protect themselves?
Surround themselves with a wall
Who headed Sumerian City States and what did they do?
Led Building Projects
Main Jobs in Sumeria
Merchants/Traders - traveled to other cities to trade for things Sumer did not have
What were the 3 social classes in Sumer?
Upper - Kings, priests, government
Middle - Artisans, merchants, farmers, fishers
Lower - Slaves
Greatest Sumerian Invention
Writing. Cuneiform. Allowed people to keep records and pass on ideas. Only a few people learned how to write - scribes
Marks cut into a damp clay tablet with sharp reed
All symbols have triangle
Long poem that tells about adventures of hero
Example - Gilgamesh, a king who travels around the world and performs great deeds
songs, prayers, poems