BIOLOGY CH.4

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Anonymous
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52704
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BIOLOGY CH.4
Updated:
2010-12-01 17:58:10
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CARBON MACROMOLECULES
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CH.4
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  1. organic chemistry
    branch of chem.. that specializes in the study of carbon compounds
  2. vitalism
    the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physical and chemical laws
  3. Wohler
    made synthetic urea; challenged vitalism
  4. Stanley Miller
    Help bring the nonliving (abiotic) synthesis of organic compounds
  5. tetravalence
    versatility or carbon that makes large, complex molecules possible
  6. hydrocarbon
    • org. molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
    • Major component of petroleum (fossil fuel)
    • Can undergo reactions that release large amount
    • of energy
  7. Isomers
    compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elements but diff. structures and hence. Diff. properties
  8. structural isomers
    • differ in the covalent arrangements of their
    • atoms
  9. geometric isomers
    • have the same covalent partnerships, but they
    • differ in their spatial arrangements
    • cis- isomers: the x’s are both on the same side
    • trnas- isomers: the x’s are on opposite sides
  10. enantiomers
    isomers that are mirror images of each other
  11. hydroxyl
    -OH
  12. carbonyl
    CO
  13. carboxyl
    COOH
  14. amino
    NH2
  15. sulfhyfryl
    SH
  16. phosphate
    OPO4-2

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