patho

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acmolt
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52781
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patho
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2010-12-01 23:10:24
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patho
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  1. The brain and spinal cord make up the
    central nervous system
  2. 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs of spinal nerves make up the?
    peripheral nervous system
  3. nerves that transit impulses toward the brain and spinal cord area
    afferent
  4. What is the significance of the circle of willis?
    all of above-- cont. blood flow, helpful for area that are vulnerable, ensures oxygenanted blood to brain
  5. Temporary episodes of impaired neurologic functioning caused by inadequate blood flow to a portion of the brain is
    mini strokes and TIAS (2 and 3)
  6. this is caused by a sudden disruption in the blood flow in a part of the brain
    CVA's and strokes (3 and 4)
  7. this is an abnormal condition in which there are sudden, transient disturbace of brain function causing seizures
    epilepsy
  8. a patient presents at a clinic the following symptom.. staring blinking or blank stares. no loss of consciousnes or no history of trauma the EKG shows semi specific brain activity and the head CT shows stuctural changes. what disease is best described?
    petit mai seizures
  9. inflammation of the brain tissue
    encephalitis
  10. the most commom cause of meningitis is bacterial in origin
    true
  11. if a patient has head injury that the caused of trauma of the brain often associated with a skull fracture what is the most likely diagnosis
    a) concussion
  12. bruising of the cerebral tissue that is caused by back and forth movements of the head most ofton not serious
    concussion
  13. a patient presents with footdrop when walking and has pain that is burning and constant as if radiates down the nerve path.. what is the condition
    degenerative disk disease
  14. a sequela is used to describe spinal nerve stenosis where the nerve nodes become trapped in the forament as they leave the spinal canal
    true
  15. what should the the do if a patient starts haivng a seizure
    ensure their safty
  16. benign tumors of the brain may present with symtoms of malignant spinal
    true
  17. all sizures imply epilepsy
    false
  18. a collection of masses of blood that form between the skull and the dura mater is larmad a
    epidural ematoma
  19. loss of motor and sensory control of the trunk of the body and lower extremities as a result of a spinal cord injury describes
    paraplegia
  20. another term for hernaiated disk is ruptured or slipped disk
    true
  21. periodic severe headaches that may be completely incapuated are called
    migrains
  22. which disorder is affected by the 7th cranial nerve causing a suddenonsent of weakness and paralysis of facial muscle
    bell palsy
  23. trigaminal neuragia occurs when the 7th cranial nerve is affected
    false bell palsy
  24. brain tumors have a 5 year survivial rate of 35
    true
  25. what specific type of injury and or fractrue is a results in in the ones of floor of cranial valut being broken..battle sign
    basilar fractrue
  26. brains tumors are named
    according to the tissue of origin
  27. in alteration deficit hyperactivity disorder the childs behavior is observed and evaluated for diagnosis how long must the behavior patter last for before diagnosis
    6 months
  28. the disorder is most common recongnised once a child age 7
    ADHD
  29. anxiety
    constant state
  30. phobic disorde
    persistnet and irrational fear
  31. ocd
    persisten intruison of unwated
  32. diagnosis for mental retardations is done by
    observation
  33. what is used as the definitive diagnosis for alzheimers
    post mortem exam of the brain
  34. structural changes in the brian seen with alzheimers patients include
    atropy.. wildered sulci...enlarged cerebral ventricles===all of the above
  35. alzheimers has been linked to chromosome 19
    false 21
  36. the individual fatigue, loss of concentratoni appetie change despair and hopelessness this patient suffers from
    major depression disorder
  37. a major affective disorder with abnormal intense mood swings
    bipolar
  38. causes of bipolar
    all of above
  39. the single most cause of mental health problems in the us is due to depresssion
    false anxiety
  40. this condition involves a progressive general deterioration of the mental capacities of perceiving thinking and remembering
  41. dementia
  42. a patient with a learning disorder had troube in all learning aspects
    false
  43. narcissistic
    self admiration
  44. schizoid
    loner unamotional
  45. histrionic
    overly dramatic
  46. paranoid
    extreme mistrust
  47. despersonaliation
    patient seem unreal to self
  48. antisocial
    conflicts with social norms
  49. derealiztion
    world seems unreals to patient
  50. lacerations
    cut by sharp object
  51. avulsions
    portion of skin or tissue is torn away
  52. puncture injuries
    sharp pointed objects penetrates in skin and soft tissue
  53. crushing injury
    body part becomes pressed between two hard surfaces
  54. abrasion
    friction burn
  55. slow heart beat
    hypo
  56. body temp less that 95
    hypo
  57. salt and water depletion
    hyper
  58. elderly and very young are susceptible
    hyper and hypo
  59. which nerve is affected by carpal tunnel syndrome
    median nerve
  60. what is the importance of determining whether a flame type burn has been inhaled
    lung damage
  61. the following are forms of treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome except
    TENS
  62. physical patterns often observed in child abuse include
    all of above bruising and burns, teeth marks, welts and fractures
  63. the rule of nines is used to calculate
    the percentage of body surface affected by burns
  64. a burn that involves destruction of the skin and underlying subcutaneous tissue is termed
    full thickness
  65. treatment of chemical burns includes
    brushing away excess chemicas, flush wiht cold water for 15 min, cover, (all of above)
  66. the treatment for sunburns included
    applications of cool water,, spray with antiseptic/analgesic (all of above)
  67. only woment are affected by spousal abuse
    faslse
  68. victims of elder abuse are eager to admit to being victims
    false
  69. signs and symptoms of shaken baby syndrome included; intracerebral bleeding irritability changes in skin color vomiting and convulsions
    true
  70. what is the accepted reference for mental health professionals to assist in diagnosis of mental health conditions
    DSM 4
  71. list five common symptoms that would initiate seeing a physicina for neurolgic system
    dizzy, blurred vision, memory impairment, weak, confused
  72. 5 things to consider with seizures
    clear objects that patient might hit, do not hold patient, get pillow for head, calculate start and finish time, document one side or 2 side

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