French Prepositions

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  1. Location / destination - more specific; place that you are at or going to

    - I live in Paris
    - I am going to Rome
    - I am at the bank
    - I return home
    - I am studying at university

    • J'habite à Paris
    • Je vais à Rome
    • Je suis à la banque
    • Je rentre à la maison
    • Je suis etudier à l'university (?)
  2. Distance in time and space (Relation / Relativity)

    - I live 10 meters from him
    - He is 5 minutes from me

    • J'habite à dix métres de lui
    • Il est à cinq minutes de moi
  3. Time at which something occurrs

    We will arrive at 7:00
    He died at the age of 100
    We eat at 8:00
    He is going to talk at noon
    To begin at 10
    to finish in the month of april

    • Nous allons arriver à sept heures
    • Il a mort à cinq ans
    • Nous mangeons à huite heures
    • Il va parler à midi
    • Commencer à dix heures
    • finir au mois d'avril
  4. Posession* eh.

    A friend of mine
    This is Jean's book


    • un ami à moi
    • ce livre est à Jean
  5. Measurement / rate

    to buy by the kilogram
    to pay by the week

    • acheter au kilo
    • payer à la semaine
  6. au
    à + le
  7. aux
    à + les
  8. À
    • - location: place you are at / going to (specific),
    • - Time at which something occurs
    • (- Relation and posession)
  9. Place that you are at, going to - more general

    - we are going to return to France next year
    - I am going to the village

    • Nous allons rentrer en France l'aneé prochain
    • Je vais en ville
  10. Length of time, or the month, season, or year in which something occurs

    The exam lasts for one hour
    We are going to ski this winter
    I am going to arrive late
    I am working this weekend

    • L'examen dure en une heure
    • Nous allons faire du ski en cet hiver

    • Je vais arriver en retard
    • Je suis travailler en ce fin de semaine
  11. Way of doing/being/living

    We play on a team together
    We are on a school holdiay
    I speak in french to my friends from school (university)

    • Nous jouon en équipe ensuite
    • Nous sommes en congé
    • Je parle en français à mes amis de l'universite
  12. En
    • - Place that you are at / going - more general
    • - length of time or the month, season, or year in which something occurs
    • - Way of doing / being / living (play on a team, speak in french)
  13. Place where you come from (origin)

    He comes from Argentina
    She comes from Belgium

    • Il vient du Argentina
    • Elle vient de la Belgique
  14. Amount of time before an action begins

    We are going to eat in 20 minutes
    Are you going to walk in an hour?

    • Nous allons manger dans vingt minutes
    • Tu vas marcher dans une heure?
  15. A place with discrete boundaries

    He is working in his room
    She looks in her bag
    I am studying in my room

    I am in the classroom (I am in class) vs I am attending class

    • Il travaille dans sa chambre
    • Elle cherche dans sa sac
    • J'étudier dans ma chambre

    Suis dans la class ( answers where are you)


    Suis en class (answers what are you doing)
  16. Dans
    • - amount of time before an action begins
    • - place with discreet boundaries
  17. Pendant / Durant
    introduces expressions of time (length of time)

    • Il regard la télé pendant deux heures
    • Nous restons là pendant la fin de semaine
  18. Accompanyment / (with) - same level

    We live with some friends
    You eat with a friend tonight

    • Nous habitons avec des amis
    • Tu soupes avec un ami ce soir.
  19. introduces a GP de lieu when GP cooresponds to a person "at somebody's place"

    I am at the doctor's

    Je suis chez le médecin
Card Set
French Prepositions
french prepositions
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