NT Terms

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scarpenter14
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52814
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NT Terms
Updated:
2010-12-02 00:37:24
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new testament terms
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biblical studies new testament terms
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  1. – term for the Holy Spirit in the Gospel of John, Greek term is
    “Paraclete.”
    Advocate
  2. – the belief (eventually rejected in Christianity)
    that Jesus was an ordinary human being whom God chose declared “my son” at his
    baptism.
    adoptionism
  3. – The angel Gabriel’s announcement to Mary that she was
    to bear a son who would sit on the throne of David.
    annunciation
  4. - literally means “uncovering” or “revelation” is
    literature that envisions the end of this age.
    apocalypse
  5. – a person commissioned to be a messenger, refers to the
    12 main disciples of Jesus and a title Paul claimed for himself as well.
    apostle
  6. – The site for the final battle between good and evil
    according to the book of Revelation, located at Megiddo in northern Israel.
    Armageddon
  7. – Jesus rising into heaven.
    ascension
  8. - the means of restoring a relationship damaged
    or severed by sin
    atonement
  9. – literally “blessings,” refers to the beginning of
    Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount in Matthew where he lists those who are “blessed” or
    “happy.”
    beatitudes
  10. – A title for the Roman emperors.
    Caesar
  11. – the Roman administration capital of
    Palestine.
    Caesarea
  12. – the Sadducee High Priest of the Jerusalem temple in Jesus’ time.
    Caiaphas
  13. – the fishing village where Jesus spent much time
    during his ministry.
    Capernaum
  14. – a Roman officer, such as Cornelius in Acts.
    Centurion
  15. - Greek work meaning “anointed one” (Hebrew messiah/mashiaxh) referring to a king from the house of David.
    Christ
  16. – Theology concerning who is Jesus Christ (e.g. human,
    divine, etc.)
    Christology
  17. - the removal of
    the foreskin of the penis, practiced by Jews with infant boys as a sign of
    their covenant with God through Abraham.
    circumcision
  18. – a learner or follower, in the New Testament a follower
    of Jesus, including the Twelve.
    disciple
  19. – Writings from the first century BCE and CE found in
    a cave in the desert. They
    included both ancient Hebrew Bible manuscripts and the writings of the Essene
    community.
    Dead Sea Scrolls
  20. – a belief (rejected by Christianity) that Jesus was a
    pure spirit who did not experience physical need or pain and only appeared to
    be human.
    docetism
  21. - beliefs about the
    end of the age or the fulfillment of time
    eschatology
  22. – A Jewish sect in the first century BCE and
    CE that believed they were living in the end times and two messiah’s would come
    – a priestly messiah and a royal Davidic messiah – and there would be a final
    battle between the “children of light” and the “children of darkness.”
    Essenes
  23. -a letter addressed to a
    public audience.
    epistle
  24. – The region where Jesus grew up and conducted much of his ministry,
    north of Judea and Samaria.
    Galilee
  25. – someone who is not a Jew, one belonging to “the
    nations”
    Gentile
  26. – the garden or orchard where Jesus was praying
    when he was arrested.
    Gethsemane
  27. – the
    phenomenon of a person speaking a language unknown to themselves understood to
    be a form of religious inspiration.
    glossalalia
  28. – refers either in general to the “good news” of salvation through Jesus
    Christ or specifically to writings about Jesus’ life and teachings.
    gospel
  29. – the dominant culture in the Greek and Roman periods
    influenced by both Greece and the Ancient Near East.
    Hellenism (Hellenistic)
  30. – ruler of Judea under Rome from 40-4 BCE with a
    reputation for great building projects and for being a cruel ruler.
    Herod the Great
  31. – the ruler of Galilee under the Romans during the
    time of Jesus. He had John the Baptist beheaded.
    Herod Antipas
  32. – literally “in the flesh” refers to the belief that
    Jesus represents God in the flesh, “the Word became flesh and dwelt among us”
    (John 1).
    incarnation
  33. – one of the 12 apostles, a fisherman.
    James, son of Zebedee
  34. – one of the leaders of the early church
    who advocated that Gentile Christians should follow the Jewish laws including
    circumcision.
    James the “brother of the Lord”
  35. - the N.T. term for “Judah” referring to the
    region around and south of Jerusalem during the Roman period.
    Judea
  36. – the name given to Mary’s song of praise in Luke after
    Gabriel told her she would bear the heir to David’s throne.
    Magnificat
  37. – literally, someone who dies for their beliefs; the term is also used
    for anyone who has suffered at all for their beliefs (see Stephen, book of
    Acts).
    martyr
  38. – Jesus’ mother, also called “the Virgin
    Mary”
    Mary of Nazareth
  39. – a disciple of Jesus who was at Jesus’ crucifixion,
    found Jesus’ empty tomb, and saw the resurrected Jesus.
    Mary Magdalene
  40. – friend and disciple of Jesus, sister of Martha and
    Lazarus.
    Mary of Bethany
  41. - Hebrew word which literally means “anointed one” refers in the O.T.
    to God’s chosen and anointed king (anointed by God’s spirit and with oil).
    messiah
  42. – the town in Galilee where Jesus grew up.
    Nazareth
  43. – a Roman emperor who persecuted Christians.
    Nero
  44. – a Jewish harvest festival 50 days after passover. According to Acts it was during this
    festival that Christians received the Holy Spirit after the ascension of Jesus.
    Pentecost
  45. – a Jewish religious group that encouraged obedience to
    the laws of the Hebrew Bible and believed in a resurrection of the dead and a
    judgment day.
    Pharisees
  46. – a Greek philosopher who argued that the material world is just an
    inferior copy or shadow of the ideal/spiritual/non-material realm. When we die our immortal souls will
    leave our material bodies to return to this higher realm.
    Plato
  47. – the Roman governor of Palestine, including
    Judea, who sentenced Jesus to be crucified.
    Pontius Pilate
  48. – the name scholars have given to the
    hypothetical collection of Jesus’ sayings quoted by Matthew and Luke, means
    “source.”
    Q (Quelle)
  49. – the return of the dead to life.
    resurrection
  50. – the Jewish group in charge of the Temple in Jerusalem and
    responsible for maintaining peaceful relations with the Roman occupiers.
    Sadducees
  51. – a group that considered themselves Jewish but were
    not recognized by other Jews. They worshipped God at a Temple at Mount Gerizim
    near Neapolis, rather than in Jerusalem.
    Samaritans
  52. – the Jewish religious council in Jerusalem.
    Sanhedrin
  53. – the Jewish name of Paul of Tarsus.
    Saul
  54. – a Jewish place of worship and scripture reading. Different from the Temple insofar as it
    was not a place for offering sacrifices. It enabled Jews to worship together
    without having to travel to the Jerusalem temple.
    synagogue
  55. – the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, so-named
    because of the similarity “seen together”
    synoptic gospels
  56. – the appearance of Jesus on Mt. Tabor with
    Moses and Elijah as reported in the syoptic gospels.
    transfiguration
  57. – the doctrine officially accepted at the council of Nicea in 325 CE
    that says that God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (thus the Father is God; the
    Son, Jesus, is God; and the Holy Spirit is also God).
    Trinity
  58. – a Jewish group of freedom fighters against Roman
    oppression.
    Zealots

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