Psychology 270 exam 3

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martyr01
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52834
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Psychology 270 exam 3
Updated:
2010-12-02 02:25:47
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UIC Psychology
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Abnormal Psychology
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  1. PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDEDRS
  2. Sexual Dysfunctions
    Inability or lessenes ability to achieve sexual gratification + distress
  3. sexual dysfunctions
    • common
    • both heterosexual and homosexual
    • not correlated with sexual dis/satisfation
  4. sexual dsyfunction causal factors
    • low levels of testostrone
    • medication
    • disease
    • performance anxiety
    • irrational beliefs
  5. sexual dysfunctions treatment
    • viagra
    • education
    • sensate focusing
    • communication training
    • cognitive restructuring
    • many do not seek Tx
  6. Sexual Deviations
    • Non-normative ways of achieving sexual gratification
    • Distress or impariment and/or acting on urges
  7. sexual deviations
    • involving non-human objects
    • involving children or non-consenting partners
    • involving pain and/or humiliation
  8. sexual deviations causal factors
    • social skill deficiencies
    • early conditioning experiences
    • recent biological findings
  9. sexual deviations treatments
    • meds not effective
    • psychosocial tx's include orgasmic reconditioning and aversion tx
  10. Gender Identity Disorder
  11. gender identity disorder
    • gender identity = psychological sense of bring male/female
    • GID = dissatisfaction with own anatomical sex and wish to be opposite gender
  12. gender identity disorder causal factors
    unclear, but socialization and possible biological predisposition
  13. gender identity disorder treatment
    • hormones
    • sex reassignment surgery
    • perhaps psychosocial tx
  14. SCHIZOPHRENIC DISORDERS
  15. Schizophrenia
    • splitting of the mind
    • loss of contact with reality
  16. Diagnostic Criteria
    • Decline in functioning 6+ mos plus 1 mo in active phase
    • Delusions (positive)
    • Hallucinations (positive)
    • Disorganized speech
    • Disorganized behavior
  17. Subtypes
    • Paranoid- delusions
    • Disorganized- confusion
    • Catatonic- psychomotor disturbance
    • Undifferentiated- vague category
    • Residual- w/out prominent symptoms after episode
  18. schizophrenia biological causal factors
    • genetic
    • viral infections- exposed as a fetus
    • dopamine too high- hallucinations
    • enlarged ventricals
  19. schizophrenia causal factors
    • Freud: regression to a pre-ego stage
    • schizophrenogenic family
    • communication deviance
    • expressed emotion- relapse
  20. schizophrenia treatment
    • medication- neuroleptics
    • token economies
  21. PERSONALITY DISORDERS
  22. Personality Disorders
    distortion in the personality
  23. personality disorders cluster A: Odd or Eccentric
    • paranoid PD-suspicious/distrustful, think ppl intentionally do harm to them
    • schizoid PD-social isolation
    • schizatypal PD- boarder line schizophrenia, have odd beliefs and mannerisms
  24. personality disorders cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Behavior
    • histronic PD- self dramatization, shallow, demanding, Zavion
    • narcisstic PD- need for admiration, lack of sensitivity for others, difficuty taking criticism
  25. personality disorders
    • Boarderline PD- instability and lack of coherent self-identity; impulsive
    • self abuse
    • keyword-> instability; functioning emotions
    • lots of co-morbidity
  26. personality disorders
    • Antisocial PD- indifference to others; violation of others' rights
    • lack of anxiety or remorse
    • "con" men
    • often criminals
  27. personality disorders cluster C: Anxious or Fearful
    • Avoidant PD- social isolation; fear of rejection
    • Dependent PD- difficulty making decisions for themselves
    • OCPD- inflexibility and excessive concern for perfection, orderliness and control
  28. personality disorders causal factors-antisocial PD
    • brain wave abnormality
    • parental loss/separation- at an early age
    • punishment and noncontingent reinforcement- heavy weight on punishment, light weight on reinforcement
    • modeling
    • misinterpret others as hostile-i'll get you b4 you get me
    • modeling on social level; stressors
  29. personality disorders treatment-antisocial PD
    • usually do not seek tx
    • poor prognosis
    • medication not helpful except some target serotonin for impulsive and aggressive behaviors
  30. DISORDERS OF CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE
  31. Developmental Disorders
    • dif. types of developmental problems
    • need to consider age
    • also cultural beliefs
  32. Mental Retardation (MR)
    • significantly subaverage IQ
    • deficits in adaptive functioning
    • before age 18
    • Dx on axis II
  33. MR categories
    • mild 50-70 (85%)
    • moderate 35-49 (10%)
    • severe 20-34 (3-4%)
    • profound <20 (1-2%)
  34. MR causal factors
    • down syndrome- trisomy 21
    • fragile x syndome
    • prenatal- infection; toxic agents, FAS; radiation
    • perinatal- birth trauma
    • postnatal- malnutrition
  35. MR treatments
    teaching functional skills via behavioral techniques
  36. Learning Disorders (LD)
    • dyslexia
    • wirtten expression
    • mathematics
    • also motor & communication
  37. LD causal factors
    • genetic
    • neuro-perceptual
  38. LD treatments
    • educational
    • compensatory
  39. Pervasive Development Disorders
    • significant impairment in multiple areas of development
    • Autism
    • Asperger's
  40. Autism
    • impairment in social relatinships
    • impairment in communication-echoing/mocking
    • impairment in activities and interests
  41. autism causal factors
    • stimulus overselectivity
    • genetic
    • neurological
    • structural
    • congenital
  42. autism treatments
    • behavioral
    • Lovaas
  43. Disruptive Behavior Disorders
    • ADHD
    • inattention
    • impulsivity/hyperactivity
  44. ADHD causal factors
    • genetic
    • decreased activity in 2 brain areas
    • low levels dopamine
    • social environment
  45. ADHD treatments
    • usually stimulants
    • beh/cog
  46. Childhood Anxiety and Depression
    • separation anxiety = persistent worry; often school refudals; physical complaints; clinging
    • childhood depression
    • reactive attachment d/o
  47. Tic Disorders
    • Tourette's
    • involuntary, multiple motor movement or tics
    • rare; usually lifelong
    • likely genetic vulnerability
  48. Elimination Disorders
    • Enuresis = lack of bladder control
    • Encopresis = lack of bowel control
  49. COGNITIVE DISORDERS
  50. Cognitive Disorders
    • involving impairment in cognitive abilities & daily functioning, expected to have biological cause
    • psych factors still important
    • often difficulty diagnosing
    • 3 categories: Delerium, Dementias, and Amnestic
  51. Delerium
    • disturbance of consciousness and extreme mental confusion
    • disorientation
  52. Dementias
    • characterized by multiple cognitive and other deficits, and process of deterioration
    • due to many causes
    • presenile <65
    • senile>65
  53. Dementias-Alzheimer's
    • Due to Alzheimer's Disease
    • most common (1/2)
    • especially memory impairment but affects multiple aspects
    • degenerative course
  54. Dementias-Alzheimer's causal factors
    • associated brain abnormalities
    • genetic contribution for 50%
    • deficits in Ach & glutamate
    • strokes
    • parkison's (dopamine)
    • head trauma
    • brain tumors
    • infections
  55. Dementias treatments
    • research into medications to slow or reverse degeneration
    • psychosocial strategies to exercise the brain and improve coping
    • caregiver support
  56. Amnestic Disorders
    • memory impairment, especially short-term (anterograde)
    • due to head trauma, heart attack, etc.

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