MCB 62 Amphetamines 11/16

Card Set Information

Author:
elainewest
ID:
52886
Filename:
MCB 62 Amphetamines 11/16
Updated:
2010-12-02 13:38:36
Tags:
MCB
Folders:

Description:
your sister
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user elainewest on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Toxic Effects of Amphetamines
    • cardiovascular damage
    • heart attacks
    • stroke
    • seizure
    • chronic psychosis
    • neurotoxicity
  2. Amphetamine Addiction Potential
    • High addiction potential
    • seduction of user
    • escalating use and adverse consequences
    • tolerance
    • withdrawl (more mental than physical)
  3. Amphetamine Withdrawl
    • depressed mood
    • fatigue
    • crash
    • disrupted sleep
    • agitation
    • cravings for drug
  4. Routes of Entry for Amphetamine-like Drugs
    • oral/digestive
    • nasal insufflation
    • injection
    • smoking
  5. Methamphetamine (Illicit, "speed")
    • Also called speed, crank, crystal, ice, meth
    • csa schedule 2
    • Only one methyl group different from amphetamine
  6. Ephedra and Pseudoephedrine
    • only one oxygen different from amphetamines
    • found naturally in the many species of ephedra...ma huang (E. Sinica), mormon tea (E. nevadenis, E.californica, E.vivdis)
    • Ancient ephedra trade routhes in middle east, found in 60,000 year old neanderthal site in Iraq
  7. Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine Regulation
    • Ephedrine banned by FDA in 2008 for use in diet and energy pills
    • Pseudoephdrine is a restricted OTC
  8. Khat Plant
    • Active molecule is cathinone
    • CSA schedule 1
  9. Coca Plant
    • erythroxylum coca
    • native to S. America
    • "Mama Coca" was an Indian shaman
  10. Effects of Coca Leaf
    • increased wakefulness and stamina
    • decreased fatigue
    • reduced appetite
    • leaves are nutritous (Calories, medicinal, vitamins)
    • Coca leaf makes cocaine as an insecticide
  11. Native Preperation
    • Leaves are roasted
    • Roasted coca is mixed with calcium carbonate
  12. Albert Niemann
    • German chemist
    • 1862 cocaine purified from coca leaves
  13. Cocaine on the Brain
    • Blocks pre-snyptatic reuptake transporters for norepinephrine and dopamine
    • increases activity at these synapses
    • results much like amphetamines
  14. Ernst von Flesichl-Markow
    • 1846
    • nerve pain from finger amputation
    • morphine addiction
    • Freud recommened cocaine instead
    • cocaine addiction
    • cocaine psychosis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview