Micro

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Author:
Sugarbaby
ID:
52914
Filename:
Micro
Updated:
2010-12-02 17:14:09
Tags:
microorganisms
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Final
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  1. Aeromonas Species Diseases/Symptoms:
    • Aeromonad gastroenteritis
    • Cellulitis
    • Wound Infection
    • Septicemia
  2. Aeromonas Species Transmission
    Ingestion of contaminated water or food, entry through break in the skin
  3. Borrelia Burgdorferi S/S
    • Lyme Disease
    • Rash
    • Fever
    • Neurologic and Cardiac Abnormalities
    • Arthritis
  4. Borrelia Burgdorferi Transmission
    Bite of infective Ixodes tick
  5. Campylobacter jejuni S/S
    • Campylobacter enteritis
    • abdominal pain
    • diarrhea
    • fever
  6. Campylobacter jejuni Transmission
    • Ingestion of contaminated food/water/milk
    • fecal oral spread
  7. Chlamydia pneumoniae S/S
    • TWAR infection
    • Fever
    • Myalgias
    • cough
    • sore throat
    • pneumonia
  8. Chlamydia pneumoniae Transmission
    • Inhalation of organsim
    • direct contact with infected secretions
  9. Chlamydia trachomatis S/S
    • trachoma
    • genital infections
    • conjunctivitis
    • infant pneumonia [infection during pregnancy]
  10. Chlamydia trachomatis Transmission
    Sex
  11. Clostridium difficile S/S
    • Colitis
    • abdominal
    • watery diarrhea
    • bloody diarrhea
  12. Clostridium difficile Transmission
    Fecal oral
  13. Ehlichia chaffeensis S/S
    • Ehrlichiosis
    • febrile illness [fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, myalgia]
  14. Ehrlichia chaffeensis Transmission
    • unknown
    • tick vector
  15. Escherichia Coli [o157:H7] S/S
    • Hemorrhagic colitis
    • thrombocytopenia
    • hemolytic uremic syndrome
  16. Escherichia Coli Transmission
    • Ingestion of contaminated food
    • ex. undercooked beef & raw milk
  17. Haemophilus influenzae S/S
    • Brazilian purpuric fever
    • purulent conjunctivitis
    • high fever
    • vomiting
    • purpura
  18. Haemophilus influenzae Transmission
    • discharge of infected persons
    • eye flies are vector
  19. Helicobacter pylori S/S
    • Gastritis
    • peptic ulcer
    • possible stomach cancer
  20. Helicobacter pylori Transmission
    • Ingestion of contaminated food or water
    • unpasteurized milk
    • infected pets
  21. Legionella pneumophila S/S
    • Legionnaires' disease
    • malaise
    • myalgia
    • fever
    • headache
    • respiratory illness
  22. Legionella pneumophila Transmission
    • Air cooling systems
    • water supplies
  23. Listeria monocytogenes S/S
    • Listeriosis
    • meningoencephalitis
    • septicemia
  24. Listeria monocytogenes Transmission
    • Ingestion of contaminated foods
    • contact with soil contaminated with animal feces
    • inhalation of organism
  25. Mycobacterium tuberculosis S/S
    • Tuberculosis
    • cough
    • weight loss
    • lung legions
    • infection can spread to other organ systerm
  26. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transmission
    Sputum droplets
  27. Staphylococcus aureus S/S
    • Abscesses
    • pneumonia
    • endocarditis
    • toxic shock
  28. Staphylococcus aureus Transmission
    • Contact
    • organism in purulent legions
    • on hands
  29. Streptococcus pyogenes S/S
    • Scarlet Fever
    • Rheumatic Fever
    • Toxic Shock
  30. Streptococcus pyogenes Transmission
    Direct contact with infected person/carrier
  31. Vibrio cholerae S/S
    • Cholera
    • sever diarrhea
    • rapid dehydration
  32. Vibrio cholerae Transmission
    • Ingestion of water contaminated with feces of infected person
    • Ingestion of food exposed to said infected water
  33. Vibrio vulnificus S/S
    • Cellulitis
    • fatal hacteremia
    • diarrheal illness occasionally
  34. Vibrio vulnificus Transmission
    Wound contact with seawater or contaminated seafood
  35. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy [BSE] agent S/S
    Bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cows
  36. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy [BSE] agent Transmission
    Ingestion of feed containing infected sheep tissue
  37. Chikungunya S/S
    • Fever
    • arthritis
    • hemorrhagic fever
  38. Chikungunya Transmission
    Infected mosquito
  39. Dengue S/S
    Hemorrhagic Fever
  40. Dengue Transmission
    Infected mosquito
  41. Filoviruses [Ebola, Marburg] S/S
    Fulminant, high mortality hemorrhagic fever
  42. Filoviruses Transmission
    Direct contact with infected blood, organs, secretions, and/or semen
  43. Hantaviruses S/S
    • abdominal pain
    • vomiting
    • hemorrhagic fever
  44. Hantaviruses Transmission
    Inhalation of aerosolized rodent urine/feces
  45. Hepatitis B S/S
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • jaundice
    • Chronic -> hepatocellular carcinoma
    • cirrhosis
  46. Hepatitis B Transmission
    • Contact with Saliva, semen, blood, or vaginal fluid of ingected
    • to kids unknown
  47. Hepatitis C S/S
    • Nausea
    • vomiting
    • jaundice
    • hepatocellular carcinoma
    • cirrhosis
  48. Hepatitis C Transmission
    • Sex
    • Exposure to contaminated blood/plasma
  49. Hepatitis E S/S
    • Fever
    • Abdominal pain
    • Jaundice
  50. Hepatitis E Transmission
    Contaminated water
  51. Human Herpes Virus 6 S/S
    • Roseola in kids
    • Resembles mononucleosis
  52. Human Herpes Virus 6 Transmission
    • Unknown
    • possibly respiratory
  53. Human Immunodeficiency Virus S/S
    • HIV diseas
    • AIDS
    • severe immune system dysfunction
    • opportunistic infections
  54. HIV Transmission
    • Sex
    • exposure to blood or tissues of infected person
    • vertical transmission [mother to child]
  55. Human Papillomavirus S/S
    • Lesions [warts]
    • cancer of cervix/penis
  56. HPV Transmission
    • Sex
    • Direct contact with contaminated surface
  57. Human Parvovirus B19 S/S
    • Erythema infectiosum
    • erythema on face
    • rash on trunk
    • aplastic anemia
  58. Human Parvovirus B19 Transmission
    • respiratory secretions of infected person
    • vertical transmission
  59. Human T Cell Lymphotopic Viruses S/S
    • Leukemia
    • Lymphoma
  60. Human T Cell Lymphotopic Viruses Transmission
    • Vertical transmission
    • blood
    • breast milk
    • exposure to contaminated blood products
    • sex
  61. Pandemic/Drift Influenza S/S
    • Fever
    • Headache
    • Cough
    • Pneumonia
  62. Pandemic/Drift Influenza Transmission
    Airborne
  63. Japanese Encephalitis S/S
    Encephalitis
  64. Japanese Encephalitis Transmission
    Infected mosquito
  65. La Crosse and California Group Viruses S/S
    Encephalitis
  66. La Crosse and California Group Viruses Transmission
    Infected Mosquito
  67. Babesia S/S
    • Babesiosis
    • fever
    • fatigue
    • hemolytic anemia
  68. Babesia Transmission
    Bite of Ixodes tick [carried on mouse in presence of deer]
  69. Candida S/S
    • Candidiasis
    • fungal infections of GI, vagina, and oral cavity
  70. Candida Transmission
    • Endogenous flora
    • contact with secretions/excretions of infected person
  71. Cryptococcus S/S
    • Meningitis
    • infections of lungs, kidneys, prostate, liver
  72. Cryptococcus Transmission
    Inhalation
  73. Cryptosporidium S/S
    • Cryptosporidiosis
    • infections of epithelial cells in GI and respiratory tract
  74. Cryptosporidium Transmission
    • Fecal oral
    • person to person
    • waterborne
  75. Giardia lamblia S/S
    • Giadiasis
    • infection of upper small intestine
    • diarrhea
    • bloating
  76. Giardia lamblia Transmission
    Ingestion of fecally contaminated food or water
  77. Microsporidia S/S
    • GI illness
    • diarrheawasting in immunosuppressed
  78. Microsporidia Transmission
    • Unkown
    • fecally contaminated water/food
  79. Plasmodium S/S
    Malaria
  80. Plasmodium Transmission
    Anapheles mosquito
  81. Pneumocystis carinii S/S
    Acute pneumonia
  82. Pneumocystis carinii Transmission
    • Unknown
    • reactivation of latent infection
  83. Strongyloides stercoralis S/S
    • Strongyloidiasis
    • raash
    • cough
    • diarrhea
    • wasting
    • pulmonary involvement
    • death in the immunosuppressed
  84. Strongyloides stercoralis Transmission
    • larvae penetrates skin or mucous membrane
    • oral-anal sex
  85. Toxoplasma gondii S/S
    • toxoplasmosis
    • fever
    • lymphadenopathy
    • lyphocytosis
  86. Toxoplasma gondii Transmission
    • cat feces carrying the protozoan
    • sometimes foodborne
  87. Lassa S/S
    • fever
    • headache
    • sore throat
    • nausea
  88. Lassa Transmission
    Contact with rat urine/feces
  89. Measles S/S
    • fever
    • conjunctivitis
    • red, blotchy rash
  90. Measles Transmission
    • Airborne
    • direct contact with respiratory secretions of infected person
  91. Norwalk S/S
    • gastroenteritis
    • epidemic diarrhea
  92. Norwalk Transmission
    • fecal oral
    • uncooked foods
    • swimming water
  93. Rabies S/S
    Acute viral encephalomyelitis
  94. Rabies Transmission
    Bite of rabid animal
  95. Rift Valley S/S
    Febrile illness
  96. Rift Valley Transmission
    Infected mosquito
  97. Ross River S/S
    • Arthritis
    • Rash
  98. Ross River Transmission
    infected mosquito
  99. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis S/S
    Encephalitis
  100. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Transmission
    Infected Mosquito
  101. Yellow Fever S/S
    • Fever
    • Headache
    • Muscle pain
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
  102. Yellow Fever Transmission
    Infected mosquito
  103. Anisakis S/S
    • Anisakiasis
    • abdominal pain
    • vomitting
  104. Anisakis Transmission
    Ingesting larvae infected fish

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