Chapter 5 Micro

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  1. Temperatures effect on enzymes
    Bell curve
  2. pH effect on enzymes
    Bell curve
  3. Substrate Concentration effect on enzymes
    increase then plateau
  4. Competitive Inhibitors
    • resemble the substrate
    • binds to the active site of the enzyme and prevents the substrate from binding
    • reversed by adding more substrate
  5. Noncompetitive Inhibitors
    • does not compete with substrate
    • doesnt resemble the substrate
    • binds to the allosteric site changing the conformation of the active site preventing the substrate from binding
  6. Uncompetitive Inhibitors
    • does not resemble the substrate
    • allows the substrate to bind to the active site
    • while it binds to the allosteric site
    • looking like the substrate to the enzyme results in no product
  7. Suicide Inhibitors
    • resembles the substrate
    • binds to the active site and permanently destroys the enzyme
  8. Feedback Inhibitors
    • Does not resemble substrate
    • Binds to allosteric site
    • prevents the creation of new end products by taking out enyzme 1
  9. Oxidoreductase
    Oxidation-reduction reactions
  10. Transferase
    transfer of functional groups
  11. Hydrolase
    hydrolysis [addition of water]
  12. Lyase
    Removal of groups of atoms without hydrolysis
  13. Isomerase
    Rearrangement of atoms within a molecule
  14. Ligase
    • Join two molecules.
    • Uses ATP
  15. Purpose of enzymes
    decrease activation energy needed for a reaction
  16. Phosphorylation
    addition of phosphorous group to a chemical compound
  17. Glycolysis
    The oxidation of glucose to pyruvic acid
  18. First stage in Carbohydrate Catabolism
  19. Number of ATP created via glycolysis
  20. the two 3 carbon compounds created when glucose is phosphorylated, restructured, and split in order to enter glycolysis
    • glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate
    • dihydroxyacetone phosphate
  21. another name for the kreb's cycle
    citric acid cycle
  22. can pyruvic acid enter the kreb's cycle
  23. what does the pyruvic acid lose in the preparatory step to enter the Kreb's cycle?
  24. What two carbon compound enters the Kreb's cycle?
    acetyl CoA
  25. The 8 stages of the Kreb's Cycle
    • Citric Acid
    • Isocitric Acid
    • Ketoglutaric Acid
    • Succinyl CoA
    • Succinic Acid
    • Fumaric Acid Malic Acid
    • Oxaloacetic Acid
  26. Results of Kreb's Cycle
    • 6 NADH
    • 2 FADH
    • 2 ATP
  27. Electron Transport Chain results in this many ATP in eukaryotes
  28. The electron transport chain results in this many ATP in prokaryotes
  29. Where is the electron transport chain in eukaryotes?
    inner membrane of the mitochondrion
  30. Where is Kreb's cycle in Eukaryotes?
    Mitochondrial Matrix
  31. Where is glycolysis in Eukaryotes?
  32. Where is the Electron Transport Chain held in Prokaryotes?
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Chapter 5 Micro
Chapter 5 shit
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