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history music romanticism
The Romantic Generation: Song and Piano Music / Chapter 25
What are some changes, ideologically and musically, of
The New Order?
1. Ideas of liberty, equality, and brotherhood spread across Europe.
2. The changed political and econmoic order had a strong impact on music.
- decline of aristocratic patronage;rise of middle-class music-making and public concerts
-music for home or public performance became more prominent than ever
How did music-making affect middle and upper classes?
It offered an outlet.
Music-making in the home was mainly the piano.
Piano innovations allowed for new effects and expanded ranger.
It also became the for public concerts.
What style was created with the boom in music publishing, and what were its characteristics?
early Romantic style:
Accessibility, while being appealing.
- beautiful melodies with attractive accompaniments
-strong extra-musical associations and descriptive titles
-mixture of conventional and unusual harmonies
Found throughout music, in home and public.
How was Romanticism birthed?
Started in Germany as a literary movement, especially fascination with the medieval romance. Gives its name to an artistic movement that values imagination and personal expression.
What are some characteristics of the Romantic movement?
In a society driven by technology, Romaticism provided refuge in the past, in myths, dreams, in the supernatural, and the irrational.
As people moved to urban centres, nature was increasingly valued
While life became routine in factories and shops, Romaticism pursued novelty and the exotic.
What were some distinctions made between types of instrumental music?
: recounts a story or sequence of events, often described in a text called a program.
: suggests a particular mood, personality, or scene that is usually indicated in the title.
: music with no programmatic or descriptive aspects - music that exists for its own sake.
What were some links between literature and music in the Romantic movement? What type of genre did this create?
1. Many composers were writers.
2. Instrumental works were often linked to literary works through a descriptive title or program.
3. In setting words to music, composers sought to create a closer union than ever before.
It created the German Lied
What is the Lied?
A German Art song of the Romantic period, for solo voice with piano accompaniment. Usually as important as the vocal part. Uses fine poems.
Became very important genre of the 19th century.
Lieder (pl.) were often grouped into collections with a unifying characteristic, such as texts by a single poet