Spinal Trauma.txt

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Author:
oteff
ID:
53040
Filename:
Spinal Trauma.txt
Updated:
2010-12-03 00:41:14
Tags:
Spinal Trauma
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Description:
Spinal Trauma
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  1. Function
    • Structure
    • Load Bearing
    • Protect Spinal Cord
  2. Role of C1 & C2
    • C1 - atlas: say yes, shake head up & down
    • C2 - axis: say no, shake head right and left
  3. Common geriatric spinal injury level from fall:
    T12 - L1
  4. Spinal Cord Assessment:
    Find life threats, fix them, move on
  5. Dermatomes: key nerve location
    • C1 - C5 Respiratory, phrenic nerve
    • C5 - T1 Brachial, arms
    • T1 - T12 Chest, thorax, upper back
    • T12 - L4 Groin, Quads
    • L4 - S3 Legs, lower back of legs
  6. Dermatomes:
    topographical region of the body surface innervated by one nerve root
  7. Signs and symptoms of Spinal injury
    • Paralysis
    • Pain with and without movement
    • Tenderness along spine
    • Impaired breathing
    • Spinal Deformity
    • Priapism
    • Posturing
    • Loss of bowel or bladder control
    • Nerve impairment to extremities
  8. Brown Sequard syndrome
    condition caused by partial cutting of one side of the spinal cord resulting in sensory and motor loss to that side of the body
  9. Spinal shock
    the loss of spinal reflexes after injury of the spinal cord that affects muscles innervated by the cord segments below the site of the injury
  10. Autonomic Hyperreflexia Syndrome
    Condition associated witht he body's adjustments to the effects of neurogenic shock; presentations include sudden hypotension, bradycardia, headache, blurred vision, as well as sweating and flushing above the point of injury
  11. Nuerogenic shock
    vasodilation caused by spinal cord injury, cerebelar trauma or hemorrhage

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