Neuromuscular, anesthetic, sedative, and analgesic agents

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Author:
selenityhyperion
ID:
53112
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Neuromuscular, anesthetic, sedative, and analgesic agents
Updated:
2010-12-03 15:24:38
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respiratory therapy Neuromuscular anesthetic sedative analgesic agents
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Neuromuscular, anesthetic, sedative, and analgesic agents competencies for Respiratory therapy
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  1. define sedative
    calming effect, decrease CNS activity, and drowsiness
  2. define hypnotic
    drowsiness and facilitates the onset of sleep
  3. define anti-anxiety
    reduces anxiousness, particularly by incapacitating inapproriate anxiety
  4. define psychopharmacologic drugs
    control or correct the chemical imbalances associated with mental disorders, schiophrenia, manic depression
  5. define anesthesia
    induces absence of all sensation
  6. define analgesic
    pain relief
  7. what is the neuronal pathway for the somatic system?
    CNS > AcH > Nm
  8. define non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents
    competitive antagonist and bind to the Nm receptors to prevent AcH from combining therefore muscles will not contract
  9. define depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents
    agonists that bind to the Nm receptor and initiate a massive depolarization of the muscle which then sends the muscle into a prolonged refractory period
  10. what are the indications for the use of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents?
    muscle relaxation
  11. what are the indications for the use of depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents?
    muscle contraction
  12. compare and contrast the use of barbiturates and benzodiazepines
    benzos have the advantage of a decreased risk of dependency and potential respiratory depression compared to barbiturates
  13. distinguish between general anesthesia and regional/local anesthesia
    general is system while regional/local is a certain area only
  14. define conscious sedation
    pt is conscious still but feels no pain
  15. what is the area of concern for the RCP when a patient is receiving NMBAs?
    severely depressed ventilation, pt will still be medically alert
  16. what is the area of concern for the RCP when a patient is receiving narcotic analgesic
    relaxes the patient for decreased pain perception by interrupting nerve transmission
  17. what classification is naloxone (narcan)?
    narcotic antagonist
  18. what classification is flumazenil (romazicon)?
    benzodiazepine antagonist
  19. What does NSAID stand for?
    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

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