MAI140 Ch 4-2

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Author:
DylansMom
ID:
53140
Filename:
MAI140 Ch 4-2
Updated:
2010-12-03 17:36:18
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Medical Assisting
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Description:
Vital Signs: Key Terms: Respiration and Pulse Oximetry
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  1. A thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
    Alveolus
  2. The temporary cessation of breathing.
    Apnea
  3. An abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute.
    Bradypnea
  4. A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes first observed in the nailbeds and lips.
    Cyanosis
  5. Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing.
    Dyspnea
  6. Normal respiration.
    Eupnea
  7. The act of breathing out.
    Exhalation
  8. An abnormal increase in the rate and depth of breathing.
    Hyperpnea
  9. An abnormally fast and deep type of breathing usually associated with acute anxiety conditions.
    Hyperventilation
  10. An abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration.
    Hypopnea
  11. A decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood. May lead to hypoxia.
    Hypoxemia
  12. A reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body.
    Hypoxia
  13. The act of breathing in.
    Inhalation
  14. The condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a standing or sitting position.
    Orthopnea
  15. A computerized device consisting of a probe and monitor used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
    pulse oximeter
  16. The use of a pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
    Pulse oximetry
  17. Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in the arterial blood.
    SaO2
  18. Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured with a pulse oximeter.
    SpO2
  19. An abnormal increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per minute.
    Tachypnea

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