Chemists

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nglngl
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53190
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Chemists
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2010-12-06 19:22:42
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  1. Swedish- developed theory of electrolytic dissociation or ionization
    Arrhenius
  2. Italian- has law of gases that says all gases at same volume, pressure and temperature have same number of molecules; coined molecule
    Avogadro
  3. English- "Founder of Experimental Scientists,"; wrote Opus maius
    Bacon
  4. Scottish- "Father of Chemistry,"; separated chemistry from alchemy; wrote Sceptical Chemist
    Boyle
  5. Danish- known for theory on acids and bases
    Bronsted
  6. German- developed foundation for spectroscopy w/ Kirchnoff; discovered cesium and rubidium
    Bunsen
  7. English- found properties of hydrogen; showed water is hydrogen and oxygen
    Cavendish
  8. French- stated that all gases expand by the same amount with a given rise temperature; better known as Gay Lussec's Law because he didn't publish it
    Charles
  9. Polish/French- discovered Radium and Plutonium; won 1911 for study and isolation of Radium
    Curie
  10. English- formulated law of partial pressure of gases and developed atomic theory and explained its application
    Dalton
  11. English- discovered sodium, potassium, magnesium, barium, calcium, and strotium
    Davy
  12. Greek- developed theory of atoms
    Democrates
  13. Greek- believed, that there were 4 elements earth, water, fire and air
    Empedocles of Agrigentum
  14. English- discoverer of mathematical relationship between electricity and an element's valence; pioneer in liquidation of gases
    Faraday
  15. French- published Charles' theory of gases; isolated boron; introduced pipette and burette
    Gay-Lussac
  16. Scottish- founder of colloid chemistry; principal founder of physical chemistry; has law of diffusion
    Graham
  17. German- invented the process of creating ammonia
    Haber
  18. German- discovered fission heavy nuclei
    Hahn
  19. German- discovered Uranium and Zirconium
    Klaproth
  20. French- father of modern chemistry; wrote Elementary Treatise on Chemistry; discovered role of oxygen in combustion and respiration
    Lavoisier
  21. French- known for principle considering shifting of directions by chemical reactions
    Le Chatelier
  22. American- helped understand thermodynamics, chemical bonding and acid base theory
    Lewis
  23. Russian- organized periodic table and wrote Elements of Chemistry
    Mendeleev
  24. English- known for theory of acids and bases which was different from Bronsted
    Lowry
  25. French- founder of microbiology, developed pasteurization, made vaccine for rabies, founder of preventive medicine
    Pasteur
  26. American- won Nobel Prize for work on chemical bonds
    Pauling
  27. English- discovered 9 gases, shares credit for discovery of oxygen
    Priestly
  28. American- 1st American to win Nobel Prize for chemistry, found atomic weights for elements
    Richards
  29. English- developed theory of the atom, discovered alpha and beta rays and protons
    Rutherford
  30. Swedish- discovered oxygen, chlorine, manganese, tungsten among others
    Scheele
  31. -American- shared Nobel Prize for discoveries of transuranium elements, co-discovered elements 94-102
    Seaborg
  32. Greek- founder of Greek Science, Mathematics and Philosophy, believed water was one element that the Earth was made from
    Thales of Miletus
  33. American- discovered deuterium ("heavy water," also a rare hydrogen isotope)
    Urey
  34. German- founded science of organic chemistry, synthesized organic compounds from inorganic materials
    Wohler

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