n101.p-ch23.htn.drug-classes.txt

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digver
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53324
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n101.p-ch23.htn.drug-classes.txt
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2010-12-04 17:46:46
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N101 pharm hypertension class
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N101 meds used for hypertension
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  1. List (6) types of drugs used to treat hypertension.
    • Diuretics
    • Calcium Channel Blockers
    • ACE (angiostensin-converting enzyme) Inhibitors
    • Angiostensin II Receptor Blockers
    • Adrenergic Antagonists
    • Direct-Acting Vasodilators
    • (Adams, Ch 23)
  2. List (3) pharmacological classes of diuretics used for hypertension.
    • Potassium-sparing diuretics
    • Thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics
    • Loop/high-ceiling diuretics
    • (Adams, p 303)
  3. List (2) types of calcium channel blockers used for hypertension.
    • Selective: for blood vessels
    • Non-selective for both blood vessels and heart
    • (Adams, p 307)
  4. List (5) pharmacological classes of adrenergic antagonists used for hypertension.
    • Beta Adrenergic Antagonists
    • Alpha1-Adrenergic Antagonists
    • Alpha2-Adrenergic Antagonists (Centrally Acting)
    • Alpha1-and Beta Blockers
    • Adrenergic Neuron Blockers (Peripherally Acting)
    • (Adams, p 315)
  5. List (4) potassium sharing diuretics used for hypertension.
    • amiloride (Midamor)
    • eplerenone (Inspra)
    • spironolactone (Aldactone)
    • triamterene (Dyrenium)
    • (Adams, p 303)
  6. What is the potassium-sparing diuretic prototype?
    • spironolactone (Aldactone)
    • (Adams, p 242)
  7. List (6) thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics used for hypertension.
    • chlorothiazide (Diuril)
    • chlorthalidone (Hygroton)
    • hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide)
    • indapamide (Lozol)
    • methyclothiazide (Enduron)
    • metoazone (Zaroxolyn)
    • (Adams, p 303)
  8. List (2) thiazide and thiazide-like prototype drugs.
    • chlorothiazide (Diuril)
    • hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide)
    • (Adams, p 304, 423)
  9. List (3) loop/high ceiling diuretics used for hypertension.
    • bumetanide (Bumex)
    • furosemide (Lasix)
    • torsemide (Demedex)
  10. What is the loop/high ceiling diuretic prototype drug?
    • furosemide (Lasix)
    • (Adams, p 330)
  11. List (6) selective calcium channel blockers used for hypertension.
    • amlodipine (Norvasc)
    • felodipine (Plendil)
    • isradipine (DynaCirc)
    • nicardipine (Cardene)
    • nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia, others)
    • nisoldipone (Nisocor)
    • (Adams, p 307)
  12. What is the selective channel blocker prototype drug?
    • nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia, others)
    • (Adams, p 308)
  13. List (2) nonselective calcium channel blockers used for hypertension.
    • diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiamate)
    • verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, Veralan)
    • (Adams, p 307, 348, 366)
  14. What suffix can be used to help identify calcium channel blockers?
    -dipine
  15. List (10) ACE inhibitors used for hypertension.
    • benazepril (Lotensin)
    • captopril (Capoten)
    • enalepril (Vasotec)
    • fosinopril (Monopril)
    • lisinopril (Prinivil, Zetoretic, Zestril)
    • moexipril (Univasc)
    • perindopril (Aceon)
    • quinapril (Accupril)
    • ramipril (Altace)
    • trandolopril (Mavik)
    • (Adams, p 311)
  16. What suffix can be used to help identify ACE inhibitors?
    -pril
  17. List (2) prototype ACE inhibitors.
    • enalepril (Vastotec)
    • lisinopril (Prinivil, Zeterotic, Zestril)
    • (Adams, p 312, 329)
  18. List (7) angiotensin II receptor blockers used for hypertension.
    • candesartan (Atacand)
    • eprosartan (Teveten)
    • irbesarten (Avapro)
    • losartan (Cozaar)
    • olmesartan (Benicar)
    • telmisartan (Micardis)
    • valsartan (Diovan)
    • (Adams, p 311)
  19. What suffix may be used to help identify angiotensin II receptor blockers?
    -sartan
  20. List (9) beta-adrenergic antagonists used for hypertension.
    • acebutolol (Sectral)
    • atenolol (Tenormin)
    • betaxolol (Kerlone)
    • bisoprolol (Zebeta)
    • metoprolol (lopressor, Toprol)
    • nadolol (Corgard)
    • pindolol (Visken)
    • propranolol (Inderal)
    • timolol (Timoptic)
    • (Adams, p 315)
  21. List (3) prototype beta-angrergic antagonists used for hypertension.
    • atenolol (Tenormin)
    • propranolol (Inderal)
    • timolol (Timoptic)
    • (Adams, p 347, 364, 771)
  22. What suffix may be used to help identify beta-adrenergic antagonists?
    -olol
  23. List (3) Alpha1-adrenergic blockers.
    • doxazosin (Cardura)
    • prazosin (Minipress)
    • terazosin (Hytrin)
    • (Adams, p 315)
  24. List (2) prototype alpha1-adrenergic blockers?
    • doxazosin (Cardura)
    • prazosin (Minipress)
    • (Adams, p 316, 137)
  25. What suffix do Alpha1-adrenergic blocks have?
    -zosin
  26. List (2) alpha2-adrenergic antagonists used for hypertension.
    • clonidine (Catapres)
    • methyldopa (Aldomet)
    • (Adams, p 315)
  27. List (2) alpha1-and beta blockers used for hypertension.
    • carvedilol (Coreg)
    • labetalol (Nornodyne, Trandate)
    • (Adams, p 315)
  28. List (1) adrenergic neuron blocker used for hypertension.
    • reserpine (Serpasil)
    • (Adams, p 315)
  29. List (3) direct acting vasodilaors used for hypertension.
    • *** hydralazine (Apresoline)
    • minoxidil (Loniten)
    • nitroprusside (Nitropress)
    • (Adams, p 318)
  30. List (1) prototype direct acting vasodilator.
    hydralazine (Apresoline)

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