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2010-12-05 14:54:38
Civilizations LaterChina Renaissance Protestant Reformation

Exam 4 World Civilizations 111: Later China, Renaissance, Protestant Reformation
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  1. Liu Bang
    • 1) Founder of Han
    • 2) Led a peasant revolt against Qin
    • 3) "Han Chines"
    • named for dynasty
  2. 5 Accomplishments of the Han
    • 1) Establishment of the Civil Service System
    • 2) Established capital at Chang'an
    • 3) Wu Di extended territory to include Manchuria, Korea, Indochina, and central Asia
    • 4) Wu Di established leveling, the Pax Sinica
    • 5) The Silk Route started to flourish at this time
  3. Wu Di
    Emperor which founded the Imperial Academy to Study Confucian Classics
  4. Civil Service System
    Scholar Officials/ Civil servants/ Govt. officials took a test based on the Confucian Classics. This was a meritocracy, but usually only the wealthy people could afford a test. Wealthy tended to become governers
  5. Leveling
    Government would buy and store surplus crops in times of good harvest and sell them during the bad harvests to keep prices the same
  6. Pax Sinica
    1) Helped with peace
  7. Silk Route did what 3 things
    • 1) A caravan trade route from eastern China to the West
    • 2) Carried silk,jade, paper, and porcelain from China to Greek and Roman traders
    • 3) Traders brought glass, amber, wool, and linen back to China from the West
  8. Inventions of Han
  9. Fall of Han
    • 1) Revolt overthrew Han
    • 2) Period of warring states
    • 3) China unified in 589 (reunified by the Sui)
  10. Emperor Wendi
    founder of the Sui
  11. Accomplishments of the Sui
    • 1)reunited China
    • 2)repaired the Great Wall
    • 3)finished Grand Canal
  12. Grand Canal 2 things
    • 1)linked the Hang he with the Chang Jiang
    • 2)linked north and south
  13. Fall of the Sui
    • 1)the govt. was week
    • 2)attempted but failed to take land's from Manchuria and Korea
    • 3)conquered by the Turks
  14. Sinification
    means the assimilation or spread of Chinese culture
  15. Daoism
    Indigenous religio-philosophical tradition that has shaped Chinese life for more than 2000 years
  16. Tenant farmer
    a person who farms the land of another and pays rent w/cash or w/ a portion of the produce
  17. Fall of the Tang
    • 1)weak emporors
    • 2)high taxes then falling taxes
    • 3)natural calamities floods, droughts, diseases 4)governors in provines stopped trusting the emperor and questioned his power
    • 4)nomads attacked (Turks, Uighurs, Tibetans)
  18. Empress Tang Dynasty
  19. Tang Agriculture
    • 1) Quick ripening rice allowed more food
    • 2) Population skyrockets
    • 3)peasants had more work but they had a chance to raise surpluss
  20. Tang Legal Code of 653
    • 1) "code of punishments"
    • 2)Differentiated punishment for same crime depending on social hierarchy
  21. Zhao Kuangyin
    Founded Song Dynasty
  22. Song Dynasty 2 Inventions
    • 1) Gun powder used for warfare
    • 2) Movable type
  23. Fall of the Song
    Invaded by Mongols in 1200s
  24. 5 Battle Tactics Yuan Dynasty
    • 1) Warriors on horseback
    • 2) Saddles with iron stirrups
    • 3) Bows and Arrows while riding
    • 4) Surrounded enemy
    • 5) Gift Exchanges to form alliances
  25. Genghis Khan
    • 1) Genghis had his own body guards that formed the "Imperial Guard"
    • 2) He invented the messanger system
    • 3) He took control of Mongolia and then Manchuria, Korea, northern China, Central Asia, and part of Russia
    • 4) Genghis' empire was divided after his death
  26. Yurts/Gers
    A portable,felt-covered, wood lattice-framed dwelling structure traditionally used by nomads
  27. Foot Binding in which Dynasty
    Song Dynasty
  28. Renaissance
    The humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that originatedin Italy in the 14th century and later spread throughout Europe.
  29. Humanism in the Renaissance
    • Art and texts that focused on:
    • 1) Classical education
    • 2) Human potential
    • 3) Achievements rather than Christian teachings
  30. Secular
    Society that had no concern for religion but focused on the present time
  31. Patron
    The Church leaders, wealthy families, and merchants who spent a huge amount of money on art.
  32. Perspective
    A popular technique which a three dimensional piece of art is displayed on a flat surface.
  33. Leonardo da Vinci
    • 1)A talented Renaissance
    • 2)A scientist, inventor, sculptor, and a painter, who painted one of the best-known portraits in the world.
  34. Renaissance Man
    A person who is successful when it comes to working, and overall universal
  35. The Prince
    • 1) Niccolo Machiavelli
    • 2) Imperfect conduct of humans
    • 3) How a ruler is able to keep power and manage to keep it disregarding enemies.
  36. Thomas More in the Renaissance
    • 1) One of the best known Humanist from England
    • 2) Wrote the book Utopia.
  37. Flortine Petrarch
    • 1) Courtly Love- Popularizes love
    • 2) Sonnets
  38. Fresco
    Painting on wet plaster
  39. Sistine Chapel
    Michelangelo's legacy

    Also: Sculpted DAVID and THE PIETA
  40. King James I
    standardized English Bible
  41. De Medicis
    Family that ruled Florence for 3 centuries
  42. Cervantes
    1) Wrote DON QUIXOTE
  43. Johann Gutenberg
    Perfected the printing press
  44. Copernicus
    Theory said that the earth revolves around the sun
  45. Queen Elizabeth I
    Queen during England's Golden Age
  46. Galileo
    • 1) Studied gravity
    • 2) Perfected the telescope
  47. Protestant
    Christian group who separated from the Catholic Church
  48. Tithe
    Money given to the church from it's members
  49. Indulgence
    Pardon for sins committed during a person's lifetime
  50. Purgatory
    Middle or waiting area between heaven and hell
  51. Martin Luther
    • 1) German priest and Augustinian friar
    • 2) wrote and posted the 95 Theses on the church
    • 3) His greatest concern was the abuse of indulgences.
  52. Lutherans
    those who follow Martin Luther's teachings.
  53. Huldrych Zwingli
    A Swiss Catholic priest who rejected more of the Catholic teachings than Luther
  54. John Knox
    Established the Presbyterian Church
  55. Theocracy
    A government controlled by religious leaders
  56. Pope Leo
    Build Great Cathedral in Rome
  57. Tetzel
    Messenger Sent by Pope leo to collect Indulgences