A&P TEST 4

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abnrml101
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A&P TEST 4
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2009-10-26 14:07:42
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TEST REVIEW
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  1. Another name for a white blood cell
    LEUKOCYTE
  2. Another name for a red blood cell
    ERYTHROCYTE
  3. Another name for a platelet
    THROMBOCYTE
  4. A lymphocyte that slows antibody production
    SUPRESSOR T-CELL
  5. A lymphocyte that matures in the thymus and stimulates antibody production
    HELPER T-CELL
  6. What is the name of the protein that carries oxygen in the blood?
    HEMOGLOBIM
  7. What do you call the amount of oxygen carrying protein in the RBCs of whole blood?
    HEMOGLOBIN
  8. Which kind of leukocytes is/are not an agranulocyte?
    GRANULOCYTES
  9. _____ are examples of granulocytes.
    BASOPHILS, NEUTROPHILS, EOSINPHILS
  10. _____ are examples of agranulocytes
    LYMPHOCYTES, MONOCYTES
  11. The clear, watery fluid that remains after a blood clot has been removed from the blood is called
    SERUM
  12. The golden straw colored fluid left after the formed elements are removed from blood is called
    PLASMA
  13. Your patient has type B blood. Can you give him type A blood?
    NO
  14. Your patient has type AB blood. Can you give her type O blood?
    YES
  15. Is there any type of blood you cannot give to someone who has type AB+ blood?
    NO
  16. What type(s) of blood can you give someone who has type O- blood?
    O-
  17. The outer most layer of the heart
    EPICARDIUM
  18. The middle layer of the heart
    MYOCARDIUM
  19. An upper chamber of the heart
    ATRIUM
  20. A lower chamber of the heart
    VENTRICLE
  21. The valves of the heart are formed from _____ (layer) of the heart.
    ENDOCARDIUM
  22. Infections (i.e. rheumatic fever) of the _____ can cause a heart murmur.
    VALVE
  23. The area of tissue damaged by lack of blood supply
    INFARCTION
  24. Inflammation of heart muscle
    MYOCARDITIS
  25. Inflammation of the outer layer of the heart
    PERICARDITIS
  26. Inflammation of the inner layer of the heart
    ENDOCARDITIS
  27. An instrument for recording the electrical activity of the heart
    EKG, ECG
  28. A procedure for measuring the pressure developed in each chamber as the heart contracts
    CARDIAC CATHEDERIZATION
  29. Clot formation in the coronary arteries results in a
    MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
  30. The scientific name for a blood clot is
    THROMBUS
  31. A heart rate (in an adult) of 150 beats per minute is described as
    TACHYCARDIC
  32. A heart rate of 30 (in an adult) bpm is described as
    BRADYCARDIC
  33. The small vessel where exchange take place (the only vessel where exchange takes place)
    CAPILLARY
  34. The vessels that deliver blood to the capillaries
    ARTERIOLE
  35. The group of vessels that carries blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange is called the _____ circulation.
    PULMONIC
  36. The group of vessels that carries blood to and from the body (except lungs) is called the _____ circulation.
    SYSTEMIC
  37. The branches of the abdominal aorta that supply blood to the kidneys
    RENAL ARTERIES
  38. A region of the medulla oblongata that controls blood vessel diameter
    VASOMOTOR SENSOR
  39. Poison produced by a pathogen
    TOXIN
  40. Any foreign substance introduced into the blood that provokes an immune response
    ANTIGEN
  41. A fraction (part) of the blood plasma that contains antibodies
    SERUM
  42. Manufacture of antibodies against one�s own tissue
    AUTOIMMUNE
  43. Which is the only specific defense against an infection?
    IMMUNITY
  44. Another name for a thrombocyte
    CLOT
  45. Another name for erythrocytes
    RED BLOOD CELL
  46. Another name for leukocytes
    WHITE BLOOD CELL
  47. A substance that often accumulates when leukocytes are actively destroying bacteria
    PUS
  48. Death of tissue in the muscle layer of the heart is called
    MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
  49. The term for a circuit that carries venous blood to a second capillary bed before it returns to the heart
    PORTAL VEIN
  50. The large vein that drains blood from the parts of the body below the diaphragm
    INFERIOR VENA CAVA
  51. The large vein that drains blood from the parts of the body above the diaphragm
    SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
  52. The means by which a pathogenic organism invades the body
    PORTAL OF ENTRY
  53. The lymphocyte that starts the Antigen � Antibody reaction
    HELPER T-CELL
  54. The lymphocyte that turns into plasma cells
    B-CELLS
  55. The cells that actually produce the antibodies
    PLASMA CELLS
  56. The cell that ingests pathogens
    MACRPPHAGE
  57. The cell that interleukins stimulate
    B-CELLS
  58. Cells become clumped when mixed with a specific antiserum (wrong type of blood). This clumping is called ______.
    AGCLUTINATION
  59. The volume percentage of red blood cells in whole blood
    HEMATOCRIT
  60. Another name for the epicardium is visceral ________.
    PERICARDIUM
  61. The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle
    SYSTOLE
  62. The relaxation phase of the cardiac cycle
    DIASTOLE
  63. A sound that may result from a heart defect, such as abnormal closing of a heart valve
    MURMOR
  64. Aspirin is an example of this type of drug
    ANTICOAGULANT
  65. Clot Busters are a group of drugs medically referred to as
    THROMBOLITICS
  66. Capillaries combine to form the smallest veins, called
    VENULES
  67. The large vessels that supplies blood to the head
    CAROTID ARTERY
  68. The vessel supplying oxygenated blood to the liver
    HEPATIC ARTERY
  69. The vessel that carries food from the digestive tract to the liver
    HEPATIC PORTAL VEIN
  70. The vein that drains the area supplied by the carotid artery
    JUGULAR VEIN
  71. What change in blood vessel diameter is caused by smooth muscle contractions?
    VASOCONSTRICTION
  72. What change in blood vessel diameter is caused by smooth muscle relaxation?
    VASODIALATION
  73. The valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
    TRICUSPID
  74. The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
    MITRAL, BICUSPID
  75. The valve between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery
    PULMONARY
  76. The valve between the left ventricle and the aorta
    AORTIC
  77. A protein produced by the body to destroy a foreign substance introduced into the body
    ANTIBODY
  78. Blood serum contains immunity proteins called
    IMMUNOGLOBULIN
  79. The manufacture of antibodies to substances that normally do not harm the body
    ALLERGY
  80. How many specific defenses against disease are there
    ONE, IMMUNITY
  81. An example of a nonspecific defense is
    COUGH, SNEEZE, INTACT SKIN
  82. Cells that combine with foreign antigens and present them to T-cells
    MACROPHAGE
  83. Which of the following will result in active immunity
    IMMUNIZATION
  84. A lymphocyte that produces antibodies
    PLASMA CELLS
  85. The wave of pressure from each ventricular contraction
    PULSE
  86. A large vessel which carries blood from the lungs to the heart
    PULMONARY VEINS
  87. The largest vessel which carries blood from the heart to the lungs
    PULMONARY ARTERIES
  88. The large vessel that carries blood from the liver to the heart
    INFERIOR VENA CAVA
  89. Term for blood pressure measured during heart muscle contraction
    SYSTOLIC
  90. Term for the blood pressure measured during the heart muscle �relaxation�.
    DIASTOLIC
  91. Scientific name for a disease causing organism
    PATHOGEN
  92. When blood returns from the lungs it enter the _____ (a chamber)
    L ATRIUM
  93. When blood passes through the bicuspid valve it enters the _____ (a chamber).
    L VENTRICLE
  94. When blood leaves the left ventricle it passes through the _____ valve.
    AORTIC
  95. When blood passes through the aortic valve it enters the _____ (a vessel).
    AORTA
  96. The aorta takes blood to the entire body except the _____.
    LUNGS
  97. The blood returns to the heart (from everywhere but the lungs) by the _____ and _____ (vessels).
    INFERIOR AND SUPERIOR VENA CAVA
  98. When blood returns to the heart from the superior and inferior vena cava it enters the _____ (a chamber).
    R ATRIUM
  99. When blood passes through the tricuspid valve it enter the _____ (a chamber)
    R VENTRICLE
  100. When blood leaves the right ventricle it goes through the _____ valve.
    PULMONARY

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