Small glands throughout tongue, palate, lips, cheeks.
• Produce saliva ( water, ions, mucus, and enzymes), that moistens the mouth, dissolves food chemicals so they can be tasted, wets food, binds the food together into a bolus, and enzymes begin carbohydrate digestion
Contains: bicarbonate buffer to neutralizes acids, bactericidal enzymes, antiviral substances, antibodies, and a cyanide compound that helps kill microorganisms
- Three salivary glands: (compound tuboalveolar glands)
- 1. Parotid glands: largest, lies near ears between masseter muscle and skin
2. Submandibular glands: lies along the medial surface of the mandibular body
3. Sublingual glands: lies in the floor of the mouth, under the tongue
• The cells of the salivary glands are serous cells (saliva) and mucous cells (mucus)