Chronic kidney failure

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Author:
jean
ID:
53600
Filename:
Chronic kidney failure
Updated:
2010-12-05 21:38:00
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chronic kidney failure
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Description:
from Lewis study guide
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  1. Erythropoietin is used in the treatment of what?
    anemia
  2. IV glucose and insulin is used in the treatment of what?
    hyperkalemia
  3. Nifedipine (Procardia) is used in the treatment of what?
    hypertension
  4. Sevelamer (Remagel) is used in the treatment of what?
    renal osteodystrophy
  5. Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) is used in the treatment of what?
    hyperkalemia
  6. Cinacalcet (Sensipar) is used in the treatment of what?
    renal osteodystrophy
  7. Forosemide (Lasix) is used in the treatment of what?
    hypertension
  8. calcium acetate (PhosLo) is used in the treatment of what?
    renal osteodystrophy
  9. IV 10% calcium gluconate is used in the treatment of what?
    hyperkalemia
  10. A nutrient that is commonly supplemented for the pt on dialysis because it is dialyzable is ?
    folic acid
  11. The syndrome that includes all the s/s seen in various body systems in CKD is ?
    uremia
  12. The use of calcium-based phosphate binders in the pt with CKD is contraindicated when serum ________ levels are increased.
    phosphate
  13. The use of ______ is contraindicated in the pt with CKD because accumulation of its metabolites may cause seizures.
    meperidine (Demerol)
  14. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis requires vasular access?
    HD
  15. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis - increased hyperlipidemia?
    PD
  16. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis lowers serum triglycerides?
    HD
  17. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis - portable system?
    PD
  18. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis - less cardiovascular stress?
    PD
  19. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis - more protein loss?
    PD
  20. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis intensifies anema?
    HD
  21. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis - rapid fluid and creatinine loss?
    HD
  22. Peritoneal Dialysis or Hemodialysis Dialysis requires fewer dietary restrictions?
    PD
  23. An exchange in PD includes 3 phases ________, _______ and ________. The
    • inflow (fill)
    • dwell (equilibration)
    • drain
  24. The amount of peritoneal dialysate used for one exchange is usually _______ liter(s).
    2
  25. The pt using ___________ PD usually dialyzes during sleep and leave the fluid in the abdomen during the day.
    automated
  26. What type of vascular access site requires 2 to 4 wks for healing?
    AV graft
  27. What type of vascular access site is least likely to thrombose?
    Native AV fistula
  28. What type of vascular access site is usually used as a temporary access for continuous renal replacement therapy?
    external AV shunt
  29. What type of vascular access site may lead to distal ischemia?
    AV graft
  30. What type of vascular access site is most prone to infection?
    external AV shunt
  31. What type of vascular access site requires 4 - 6 wks for healing?
    Native AV fistula

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