Communications final medterms 2010.txt
Card Set Information
Communications final medterms 2010.txt
Final med term
Twice a day
High blood pressure
Under the skin
Lymphocytes originating in the thymus gland
Sharp, sudden, and intense for a short period of time.
An enzyme present in blood and body tissue, such as bone and liver. Elevated in diseases such as those of bone and liver.
Loss of hair; baldness.
Absence of menstrual periods.
Medication that reduces or eliminates pain.
Deficiency of hemoglobin and/or in number of red blood cells, in blood.
Localized widening of the wall of an artery, of a vein, or of the heart.
Sharp pain in the chest resulting from a decrease in blood supply to heart muscle.
Surgical repair of a blood vessel. A tube (catheter) is placed in a clogged artery, and a balloon at the end of the tube is inflated to flatten the clogged material against the wall of the artery.
A hormone that is a powerful vasoconstrictor and raises blood pressure.
Located in the front (of the body or of a structure).
Lack of urine formation by the kidney.
Absence of impairment of communication through speech.
Pain in a joint.
Abnormal of collection of fluid in the abdomen.
Decrease in size of cells within an organ.
Substance used as a radiopaque (x-rays cannot pass through it) contrast medium for x-ray examination of the digestive tract.
A red blood cell pigment extracted with bile from the liver into the intestine.
Slow heart beat.
Enlargement of the heart.
Brief discharges of electricity passing across the chest to stop a cardiac arrhythmia called defibrillation.
Inflammation of soft tissue under the skin; it is marked by swelling, redness, and pain and is caused by bacterial infection.
Removal of the gall bladder.
Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (often the ileum) marked by bouts of diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and fever.
Liver disease with deterioration of the liver cells.
Computed tomography scan
X-ray images taken to show the body in cross-sectional views.
Thin protective membrane over the front of the eye and attached to the eyelids.
Anti-inflammatory hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex.
Nitrogen-containing waste that is removed from the blood by the kidney and excreted in the urine.
Bluish discoloration of the skin due to deficient oxygen in the blood stream.
Inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Removal of diseased tissue from the skin.
Inflammation of the skin.
Small pouches or sacks created by herniation of mucous membrane linings, most commonly in the colon.
Painful (labored, difficult) breathing.
Painful or difficult urination.
Swelling in tissues. It is often caused by retention of fluid and salts by the kidneys.
Substances that conduct an electrical current and are found in blood and body cells.
Foreign object (air, tissue, tumor or clot) that circulates in the blood stream until it lodges in a vessel.
Disease of the brain.
Process of viewing the inside of hollow organs or cavities.
Organs that produce (secrete) hormones.
Hormone secreted by the adrenal gland in response to stress and physical injury.
Pertaining to skin cells.
Red blood cell.
Increase in the seriousness of a disease, with greater intensity in the signs or symptoms.
Act of cutting out, removing, or resecting.
Rapid, irregular, involuntary muscular contraction. Atrial and ventricular fibrillation are cardiac(heart)arhythmias.
Abnormal passageway from an internal organ to the body surface or between two internal organs.
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
Group of cells that secretes chemicals to the outside of the body or hormones directly into the bloodstream.
Hormone secreted by the adrenal gland to raise blood sugar levels.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Vomiting of blood.
Mass or collection of blood under the skin.
Use of a kidney machine to filter blood to remove waste materials such as urea.
Oxygen-carrying protein found in red blood cells.
Pertaining to the liver
Bulge or protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that usually contains it.
Malignant tumor of the lymph nodes.
Higher than normal levels of sugar in the blood.
Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body as a result of increase in size of individual cells.
Pertaining to low blood pressure or to a person with abnormally low blood pressure.
Pertaining to a patient's abnormal condition that results unexpectedly from a specific treatment.
Third part of the small intestine.
Area of dead tissue caused by decreased blood flow to that part of the body.
Material that accumulates in an organ.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Disorder of the small and large intestines marked by bouts of diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and fever.
Pertaining to the groin or the area where the legs meet the body.
Deficiency of blood flow to a part of the body caused by narrowing or obstruction of blood vessels.
Orange-yellow coloration of the skin and other tissues.
Second part of the small intestine.
Visual examination of the abdomen. A small incision is made near the navel, and an instrument is inserted to view abdominal organs.
Damage to a part of the body caused by disease or trauma.
Increase in malignant white blood cells in blood and bone marrow.
White blood cells.
Connective tissue that joins bones to other bones.
Part of an organ, especially of the brain, lungs or glands.
A backbone in the region between the chest and lower back.
Tending to become progressively worse.
Inflammation of the breast.
Space between the lungs and the chest.
Pertaining to the inner, or soft, part of an organ.
Membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Normal discharge of blood and tissue from the uterine lining during menstruation.
Malignant tumor of the lining of the pleura.
Spread of a cancerous tumor to a distant organ or location.
Chronic neurologic disease in which there are patches of demyelination throughout the brain and spinal cord.
Group of degenerative muscle diseases that cause crippling because muscles are gradually weakened and eventually atrophy.
Pain in a muscle
Fatty covering around part (axon) of nerve cells.
Abnormal development of bone marrow, a pre-malignant condition leading to leukemia.
Malignant tumor originating in the bone marrow.
Tumor (benign) of muscle.
Inflammation of a muscle.
Death of cells.
Condition of kidney stones.
Pertaining to new birth; the first four weeks after birth.
Disease of nervous tissue.
Excessive urination at night.
Pertaining to or originating in a hospital.
Pertaining to the eye.
Pertaining to producing tumors.
The study of tumors.
Removal of an ovary or ovaries.
Removal of a testicle or testicles.
Inflammation of a bone and bone marrow.
Deficiency of bone tissue.
Decrease in bone mass with formation of pores or spaces in normally mineralized bone tissue.
Inflammation of an ear.
Gland that produces digestive juices (exocrine function) and the hormone insulin (endocrine function)
Hormone secreted to maintain a constant concentration of calcium in the blood and bones.
Sore (lesion) of the mucous membrane lining the first part of the small intestine (duodenum) or lining the stomach.
Membrane that surrounds bone.
Fluid produced in the abdominal cavity.
Inflammation of a vein.
Pertaining to the diaphragm.
Small endocrine gland within the brain that secretes the hormone melatonin, whose exact function is unclear.
Cell in the blood that aids clotting; a thrombocyte.
Double membrane that surrounds the lungs.
Removal of a lung.
Abnormal accumulation of air in the space between the pleura.
Increase in red blood cells.
A growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane.
To move out of place; especially for an internal organ to protrude beyond its normal position.
Hernia (protrusion) of the rectum into the vagina
Removal (excision) of an organ or a structure
Pertaining to behind the stomach
Chronic inflammatory disease of the joints and connective tissue that leads to deformed joints
Inflammation of the nose
Five fused bones in the lower back, below the lumbar bones and wedged between two parts of the hip (ileum)
Removal of a fallopian (uterine) tube
Chronic, progressive disorder of cells in connective tissue, spleen, liver, bone marrow, lungs, and lymph nodes
White, outer coat of the eyeball
Oil-producing gland in the skin
Pertaining to infection
Organ in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen that stores blood cells, and destroys red blood cells while producing white blood cells called lymphocytes
Material expelled from the lungs through the mouth
Abnormal condition of a vertebra or vertebrae
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Chronic inflammatory disease affecting many systems of the body (joints, skin, kidneys, and nerves)
Condition of fast, rapid heartbeat.
Surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid.
Pertaining to the chest.
Incision of the chest.
Clotting cell; a platelet.
Abnormal condition of clot formation.
Inflammation of a vein accompanied by formation of a clot
Hormone secreted by the thyroid gland. Also known as T4.
Noise in the ears, such as ringing, roaring, or buzzing.
Tiny blood vessels that lie near cells and through whose walls gasses, food, and waste material passes.
Series of x-ray images that show an organ in depth by producing images of single tissue planes.
Pertaining to through the skin.
Fold of tissue between the upper and lower chambers on the right side of the heart.
Fat consisting of three molecules of fatty acid and glycerol.
Infectious, inflammatory disease that commonly affects the lungs, although it can occur in any part of the body.
Recurrent inflammatory disorder marked by ulcers in the large bowel.
One of two lower arm bones located on the little finger side of the hand.
Sound waves with greater frequency that can be heard by the human ear. This energy is used to detect abnormalities by beaming the waves into the body and recording echoes that reflect off tissues.
Upper GI series
Barium is swallowed and x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine are taken.
Chief nitrogen-containing waste that the kidney removes from the blood and eliminates from the body in urine.
Abnormal condition of excessive amounts of urea in the bloodstream.
One of two tubes that lead from the kidney to the urinary bladder.
Specialist in operating on the urinary tract in males and the reproductive tract in males.
Natural structure or artificial device that prevents backward flow of fluid.
Swollen, twisted veins within the spermatic cord, above the testes.
Enlarged, swollen, tortuous veins (pleural: varices).
Inflammation of blood vessels.
Drug that narrows blood vessels, especially small arteries.
Abnormal heart rhythm originating in the lower chamber of the heart.
Pertaining to the urinary bladder.
Pertaining to internal organs.