Diversity and oppression

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Diversity and oppression
2010-12-07 08:30:35

D & O Final
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  1. According to "The Wealth Divide" article the top 5% of wealthiest Americans hold __________% of all wealth in America.
    Apx 60%
  2. Being knowledgeable about one's identitiy and how one fits into the rest of the world and society can be best described as _____. It entails taking all that one has learned about life and oneself and molding it into a cohesive self-image.
  3. Identity statuses:
    Young people who are currently struggling with ideological direction, regardless of whether or not they may have experienced a decision making period.
    Idenity diffusion
  4. T/F: the PIE system for problems in social functioning is a diagonstic system
  5. The __________ approach to social work practice marries the concepts of individual problems and social and economic justice.
  6. Which of the following is NOT a dimension used by social workers using the PIE system to describe their clients?
    Economic problems
  7. What is the race/ethicnicity of Jean the 27 y/o wife and mother of 3 children that is used in the case study in chapter 6?
  8. Name the group of women that are analyzed in the Rothman assigned reading for this week's discussion.
    incarcerated women
  9. What theory contends that the struggle for power and wealth in society should be the central concern for understanding social interactions?
    Conflict theory
  10. What is the name of the website that you were asked to visit after week one of the class and asked to complete a baseline surveyon your views?
  11. Being knowledgeable about one's identity and how one fits into the rest of the world and society can be best described as ___________. It entails taking all that one has learned about life and oneself and molding it into a cohesive self-image.
  12. All of the following are Hispanic family values except:
  13. Name 3 hispanic family values
    respecto, familisimo, religiosity
  14. According to a study conducted by Bagley, young gay and bisexual males are nearly _______ more at risk of suicide than their heterosexual contemporaries.
    15 times
  15. Which PIE factor draws our attention to six environmental problem areas: economic/basic needs systems; education and training system; judicial and legal system; health, saftey, and social services system?
    Factor II- problems in the environment identification
  16. Most Americans are more familiar with problems caused by which group than those based on socioeconomic class:
    Race, gender & sexual orientation
  17. Which phase is best described as the most complicated for caregiver and child, in which child has opposing needs between being close and the need to be independent:
    Rapprochment phase
  18. According to Appleby the working class comprises which percentage of the US population?
  19. The groundwork for any feminist theory is laid from two empiracally valid sources.
    personal and inter-subjective agreement
  20. In chapter four, the ACE study is discussed. What does ACE stand for?
    Adverse Childhood Experiences
  21. T/F: As a result of continued exposure to prejudice and stigmatization, devalued individuals become members of a minority group, a segment of the population that experiences negative acts that range from discrimination to scapegoating.
  22. How many fedrally recognized Native American/Alaskan Natives trives are there in the US today?
  23. According to Appleby, 31% of Native Americans die before their _____ birthday.
  24. According to the CNN "Latino in America" clips that we watched in class, apx which percentage of students will NOT graduate on time from the Los Angeles, CA school
  25. The ________ of ______ posits that women are poor b/c of the effect of their traditional roles on their ability to accumulate economic resources.
    Feminization of Poverty
  26. Last name of Lalee's family
  27. London's four-way definition of the living arrangements of women
    • 1. living independently
    • 2. living with parents
    • 3. cohabitating
    • 4.sharing with others
  28. Individuals who have experienced a decision-making process and are pursuing sefl-chosen occupational and ideological goals
    Identity acheivment
  29. persons who are also committed to occupational/ideological positions, but these have been parentally chosen rather than self-chosen. They show little or no evidence of "crisis"
  30. young people who have no set occupational or ideological direction, regardless of whether or not they may have experienced a decision making period
    Identity diffusion
  31. Those young people who are currently struggling with occupational and/or ideological issues; they are in an identity crisis
  32. In chapter 5 ___________is defined as the policies, procedures, decisions, habits, and acts that overlook, ignore, or subjugate members of certain groups or that enable one group to maintain control over another group
  33. T/F Socially imposed disabilities refers to the nature and extent of a disability and its functional ramifications for the individual
  34. A person's level of ___________ is a term that refers to the degree the stress imposed by the chronic illness and/or disability shapes the individual's experience of self, the world of relationships, and the world in general, and thus the ability to adapt
  35. _________ is the totality of an individual's thoughts and feelings having reference to himself as an object
  36. In chapter 10 (Rothman) which specific group of people living with a disability are featured in the diversity project?
  37. T/F: A SW practitioner who works with individuals with physial disabilities needs to have sound knowledge of social worker, values, theory, and legal rights for the disabled.
  38. T/F: The Poor Laws of Elizabethan England classified those with disabilities as "the deserving poor"
  39. T/F: The approach used in your textbook to address diversity and oppression issues related to mentally and emotionally challenged people is build on a theoretical framework of "citizenship"
  40. T/F: Social workers use the medical model to understand and respond to the needs of clients who may experience a disability
  41. T/F: People with disabilites are the smallest minority group in the US
  42. T/F: An individual's functionality is greatly influenced by his socially imposed disability
  43. T/F: When new parents receive word they have a disabled child, they often go through a grieving process
  44. 7 risk factors social workers use to assess a disabled adult or child's degree of vulnerability
    • 1. demographic factors
    • 2. illness and treatment experience
    • 3. psychological symptoms
    • 4. personal coping style
    • 5. social support network
    • 6. illness appraisal and attributions
    • 7. concurrent stresses
  45. 6 major themses that Gibson describes regarding lives of African American granmothers
    • 1. Tradition and kin keeping
    • 2. Relationship with grandchildren
    • 3. distrust of the foster care system
    • 4. grandmother as the grandhild's only resource
    • 5. A strong relationship with the Lord
    • 6. Conflict between grandmothers
  46. 4 components of sustainable development
    • 1. environment (clean water)
    • 2. political
    • 3. economy (more jobs)
    • 4. cultural/ecological (PSA to change)
  47. _____ refers to an ethnic label individuals choose for themselves, a concept especially important for individuals of mixed-ethnic heritage
  48. What is the name of your primary textbook?
    Diversity, Oppression, and social functioning
  49. The ________ model provides an explicit set of testable premises as well as specific stages characterized by potentially measurable attitudinal and behavioral indicators.
  50. 5 Ecological Frameworks for Practice Domains or Levels
    • 1. history
    • 2. environmental-structural
    • 3. cultural
    • 4. family
    • 5. indivicual
  51. The lives and social conditions of clients should be assessed in rlation to each of these domains.
    Ecological framework for practice domains or levels
  52. How to explain the 5 domains or levels of the ecological framework
    • History-know the history of the problem so that you can better understand how to deal with it.
    • Culture-understand how culture plays into the problem
    • environment-know what factors the env. plays
  53. LOOKISM:
    2 factors noticed most
    height & weight
  54. LOOKISM:
    As compared to their average-looking colleagues, those who wer considered plain earned ____% less income
  55. LOOKISM:
    THe pay differential between a plain employee "plainness penalty" and an attractive employee "beauty premium" doing the same job could approach _____%.
  56. LOOKISM:
    20/20 experiement
    out of 5 interviews how many times were the more attractive women offered the job?
  57. LOOKISM:
    20/20 experiement
    out of 5 interviews how many times were the more attractive men offered the job?
  58. LOOKISM:
    Overweight white women suffer the most negative consequences....the income penalty is most evident for highly educated women: they they earn ____% less than normal weight women.
  59. LOOKISM:
    Consequences of apearance on a personal level (6):
    • 1. Parents respond more lovingly to children they see as attractive.
    • 2. Contemoraries prefer to play with more attractive playmates.
    • 3. Both teachers and parents have higher academic expectations for children they see as physically attractive, thus setting up a life of reduced expectations for their unattractive offspring and students.
    • 4. Thus the aesthetically disadvantaged sometimes lack for friends as well as for romantic opportunities.
    • 5. Fat people are rated last as potential marriage partners, after criminals and other signifigant disabilities such as blindness.
    • 6. Short men are not seen as suitable mates.
  60. LOOKISM:
    Bona fide occupational qualification
  61. Is Culture Dynamic (moving, changing)?
  62. Is culture dynamic or static?
  63. Define culture
    a particular society at a particular time and place
  64. Define Diversity
    The condition of being composed of different elements
  65. Define Oppression
    unjust or cruel exercise of authority or power
  66. Does personal experience matter?
  67. What does interlocking systems of oppression mean?
    oppression in any institution directed toward any individual or group is connected with and results in oppression in other institutions and of many other individuals and groups.
  68. What is the relationship between oppressor and oppressed for the oppressor?
    Oppressor's belief system perceives everything as an object of domination.
  69. What is the relationship between oppressor and oppressed for the oppressed?
    The oppressed cannot perceive the oppressive system, and instead indenties with the oppressor. Moreover, the oppressed may internalize the opinion the oppressor holds of them resulting in devaluation of self.
  70. Framework to improve communication between the human service worker and a culturally diverse or oppressed client. (10) (From Desmond)
    • 1. Gain the client's trust by making small talk, perhaps showing interest in the client's country, reference group or culture.
    • 2. Show respect for differences among your clients with regard to beliefs about problem-solving, help giving and taking, illness, problems, and care.
    • 3. Don't assume the client dislikes you, mistrusts you, or isn't listening to you b/c he or she avoids eye contact.
    • 4. Determine other resources and methods the client has used or continues to use while receiving your help.
    • 5. Verify how the client will take medication or follow the treatment plan.
    • 6. Don't assume that the client understands you and will follow your advice simply on the basis of his or her nod and a verbal "yes." If in doubt, use an interpreter.
    • 7. Be aware of the basic beliefs, values, and mores of various cultures.
    • 8. Understand the value of the family presence and role in problem solving or in the illness and recovery process.
    • 9. Use an interpreter whenever appropriate.
    • 10. If you don't understand an attitude, belief or behavior, ask the client to help you understand.
    How many people worldwide are on the move?
    190 million
  72. Definition of Immigrant
    An individual who leaves one country to resettle in another.
  73. Definition of a migrant
    a person who leaves on part of a country to live in another part.
  74. The "outsider"
    an immigrant or migrant
  75. Is communication important when dealing with different cultures?
  76. Where is James Brown from?
    Barnwell, South Carolina
  77. Where is Dr. Miller from?
    Moncks Corner, South Carolina
  78. Define assimilation:
    a process of interpenetration and fusion in which persons and groups acquire the memories, sentiments, and attitudes of other persons or groups, and, by sharing their experiences and history, are incorporated with them in a common cultural life.
  79. Define adaptation:
    the process of establishing and maintaining reciprical transactions between the individual and his environment
  80. T/F: The adatption and assimilation of an individual into the host courtry's life is predicted on the degree of readiness of both to encounter each other and to change.
  81. Define Acculturation
    a gradual process of change in a dominant culture as a consequence of its direct interaction with another minority culture
  82. Which form of a disability is the actual disability?
    Functional disability
  83. Person't own perception of their disability
    socially imposed
  84. Crisis theory, three basic patterns
    • 1. as a challenge
    • 2. as a loss
    • 3. as a threat
  85. Which pattern from the crisis theory makes families feel empowered?
  86. When parents respond to disability as a threat or a loss what happens?
    the self-esteem of the parents and child is affected
  87. Define reslience
    • 1. the power or ability to return to the original form, position, etc after being bent, compressed, or stretched.
    • 2. ability to recover from illness, depression, adveristy, or the like
  88. _______ or strength in the social worker's language, is the energy generated by an individual who has unique physical, psychological, and emotional qualities and/or abilities.
  89. Know this phrase:
    In essence, ____ is to utilize the "____" and to help the client to move form an oppressed state to that of a capable and resourceful individual with disabilities.
    • the goal of social work intervention
    • strengths perspecitve
  90. The role of the SW in practic with an individual with physical disabilities is to:
    help him/her identify his/her inner resources and understand her position in the family and in the environment.
  91. Working with phsically disabled persons:
    The social worker needs to accept and understand the implications of the functional disability while knowing that the individual himself is not _______.
  92. How many Americans have a physical disability?
    1/5 (50 million)
  93. Approach that mental disorders are not diseases but deviant behaviors that have been molded and stabilized by the same forces that shape normal roles:
    "social role" approach
  94. Approach where proponents study the ways in which societies' reactions to initial deviance exacerbate that behavior.
    societal reaction approach
  95. Proponents study the effects of the labels that society applies to deviants
    Labeling theory
  96. Three dimensions of social role:
    • 1. status: position in society
    • 2. value: pos or neg value attatched to status
    • 3. involvement: amount of time devoted to role-enactment
  97. ____% of both groups indicated they knew of clients who had experienced religious discrimination by social work colleagues.
  98. __________ reported higher levels of discrimination than theolgically leveral and mainline Christians.
    Evangelical Christians
  99. What is the biggest problem the elderly face?
    not treated like adults
  100. the process by whichindividuals and systems respond respectfully andeffectively to people of all cultures, languages,classes, races, ethnic backgrounds, religions, andother diversity factors in a manner that recognizes,affirms, and values the worth of individuals, families,and communities and protects and preserves thedignity of each.
    cultural competence
  101. 5 stages of family reactions to homosexual male disclosure:
    • 1. denial of homosexuality
    • 2. anger at self and others
    • 3. bargaining with God and adolescent
    • 4. depression
    • 5. acceptance of adolescent's homosexuality
  102. what does heterosexism look like?
    an ideological system that denies, denigrates, and stigmitizes any nonheterosexual form of behavior, identity, relationship, or community. a system of advantages bestowed on heterosexuals
  103. How does it exist?
    in societal customs and institutions and in indiviual attitutudes and acts.

  104. Define sexual identity
    self labeling as lesbian, gay, or bisexual
  105. What is heterosexual privelage?
    the daily ways that make married persons comfortable or powerful, providing supports, assets, approvals, and regard to thos who live or expect to live in heterosexual pairs.
  106. Can heterosexism and heterocentrism be interchanged?
  107. What is the difference between heterocentrism and homophobi?
    Homophobia suggests a fear and hatred of those who love and sexually desire those of the same sex while heterocentrism is the societal valueing of heterosexual behavior while devaluing homosexual behavior. Both are used as a form of power to impose control by a system of rewards and punishments
  108. people who have a desire to dress an in general appear as members of the other gender.
    cross dresser (transvestite)
  109. people who avoid gender role extremes and tend to be androgynous.
  110. people whose gender identity most closely matches the other sex.
  111. An individual who presents both or neither culturally constructed signifiers
  112. a medical term used to identify a mixed sexual physiology; aspects of both male and female are present at birth
  113. 8 implications for sw practice with Asians
    • 1. children will not make eye contact w/ adult (disrespecful)
    • 2. expression for yes means no in japan and korea
    • 3. some Asians express politeness through maintaining agreeable demeanor (not aggreeance)
    • 4. Asians tend to avoid physical contact
    • 5. Some do not feel comfortable receiving compliments
    • 6. many consider bringing children to formal gatherings appropriate
    • 7. right and responsibility to spank children
    • 8. exchange of small gifts is a part of social interaction
  114. another role for SW in dealing with disabled persons
    • know the laws
    • have reactions no so will be more prepared
  115. 5 fifocal when working with women or other oppressed groups
    • 1. historical view of oppression, including knowledge of related social policy
    • 2. an ecological perspective, including adaptive functioning, capacities and stress reactions; acknowledgement of unequal power arrangements and internalized oppression
    • 3. an ethnoclass perspective, which ackowledges the effects of sexism, racism, and classism
    • 4. a feminist perspective, which highlights the particular oppression of women
    • 5. a critical perspective, analyzing the link between individual plan and strategies for social change.