introearthscience

Card Set Information

Author:
mmbarton
ID:
53694
Filename:
introearthscience
Updated:
2010-12-06 10:10:45
Tags:
Earth Science
Folders:

Description:
Intro Earth Science
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user mmbarton on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. The study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth and the processes that shape the Earth is called
    Geology
  2. The scientific study of the sea is called
    Oceanography
  3. The study of the Earth’s atmosphere, especially in relation to weather and climate, is called
    Meteorology
  4. ___________ study stars, asteroids, planets, and everything else in space.
    Astronomers
  5. _____________ are a series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and solve problems.
    Scientific Method
  6. ______________ is a possible explanation or answer to a question that can be tested.
    Hypothesis
  7. A ________________ is an experiment that tests only one factor, or variable, at a time. All other variables remain constant. By changing only one variable, scientists can see the results of just that one change. If more than one variable is changed, scientists cannot easily determine which variable caused the outcome.
    controlled experiment
  8. A pattern, plan, representation, or description designed to show the structure or workings of an object, system, or concept is a ___________.
    model
  9. ____________ are models that you can touch.
    Physical models
  10. A _______________is made up of mathematical equations and data
    mathematical model
  11. ____________________ models are composed of many hypotheses. Each hypothesis is supported through scientific methods.
    Conceptual
  12. ___________is an explanation that ties together many hypotheses and observations. A ________ not only can
    explain an observation you have made but also can predict what might happen in the future.
    (same answer for both blanks)
    theory
  13. Scientists who study the Earth’s atmosphere have developed mathematical climate models to try to imitate Earth’s climate. A ________ model is like a complicated recipe with thousands of ingredients.
    climate
  14. Today, most scientists and other people in almost all countries use the __________ __ _______ or ____.
    International System of Units, SI
  15. ________ is the basic SI unit of length.
    Meter
  16. ____________ is the measure of the size of a body or region in three-dimensional space.
    Volume
  17. A ___________ is the basic SI unit of volume.
    liter
  18. A measure of the amount of matter in an object is _____.
    mass
  19. The _____________ is the basic unit for mass in SI.
    kilogram or gram
  20. The ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the substance is the substance’s___________.
    density

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview