mapsasmodels

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Author:
mmbarton
ID:
53700
Filename:
mapsasmodels
Updated:
2010-12-06 12:33:40
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Maps as Models
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Description:
Holt Chapter 2
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  1. _____________ is the direction to the geographic North Pole.
    True North
  2. When using a compass, you need to make a correction for the difference between the geographic North Pole and the magnetic north pole. The angle of correction is
    called _________ _____________.
    Magnetic declination
  3. Imaginary lines drawn around the Earth parallel to the equator are called lines of _________, or parallels.
    lattitude
  4. Lines of longitude, or meridians, are imaginary lines that pass through both poles. __________ is the distance east and west from the prime meridian.
    Longitude
  5. The _____________ is the line that represents 0º longitude.
    prime meridian
  6. A map is a flat representation of the Earth’s curved surface. However, when you move information from a curved surface to a flat surface, you lose some accuracy. Changes called ___________ happen in the shapes and sizes of landmasses and oceans on maps.
    distortions
  7. A map projection that is made when the contents of the globe are moved onto a cylinder of paper is called a ____________ projection
    cylindrical
  8. The most common cylindrical projection is called a ______________ projection. The __________Mercator projection shows the globe’s latitude and longitude lines as straight lines.
    Mercator
  9. An __________ projection is a map projection that is made by moving the contents of the globe onto a flat plane.
    azimuthal
  10. Many of today’s maps are made by _________. _____________ is a way to collect information about something without physically being there.
    (same answer for both)
    Remote sensing
  11. ___________ is a tool that uses waves of energy to map Earth’s surface. Waves
    of energy are sent from a satellite to the area being observed. The
    waves are then reflected from the area to a receiver on the satellite.
    Radar
  12. global positioning system
    GPS
  13. _________ is a system of orbiting satellites that send radio signals to
    receivers on Earth. The receivers calculate a given place’s latitude,
    longitude, and elevation.
    GPS
  14. When information is moved from a curved surface to a flat surface, ___________ occurs.
    distortion

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