MOD F UNIT 1 THEORY

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Author:
jmejamison
ID:
53716
Filename:
MOD F UNIT 1 THEORY
Updated:
2010-12-09 22:18:48
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ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY
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ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
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  1. Study of the physical structure of the body and its organs?
    Anatomy
  2. Science of the function of cells, tissues, and organs?
    Physiology
  3. Study of Cells?
    Cytology
  4. Study of microscopic structure of tissure?
    Histology
  5. An imaginary line dividing the body vertically down the front into right and left halves?
    Median (Sagittal) place
  6. What refers to anything located toward the midline?
    Medial
  7. What refers to anything away from the midline?
    Lateral
  8. What are terms used to describe the relationship to the point of attachment?
    Directional terms
  9. Indicates nearess to point of attachment or point nearest to center of the body?
    Proximal
  10. Indicates distance away from point of attachment or point away from the center of the body?
    Distal
  11. An imaginary line that divides the body into front and back sections?
    Frontal (Coronal) plane
  12. An imaginary horizontal line that divides the body into top and bottom sections?
    Transverse plane
  13. Term meaning located on posterior side of body (back)?
    Dorsal
  14. Term meaning located on the anterior side of the body (front)?
    Ventral
  15. What is the basic building block of life?
    Cells
  16. What controls the center of a cell and regulates chemical reactions and mitosis?
    Nucleus
  17. A stable condition of an internal environment; dysfunction causes illness or death?
    Homeostasis
  18. What is the function of the skeletal system?
    Support, Protection & Leverage
  19. What is the longest bone in the body?
    Femur
  20. What are the 4 shapes of bones?
    Long, Short, Flat, & Irregular
  21. Skeletal system supports the weight of the body?
    True
  22. Skeleton that includes the spinal column, skull, and rib cages?
    Axial Skeleton
  23. Skeleton that contains arms, legs, hands, feet, shoulders and pelvis?
    Appendicular (Not perpendicular!!)
  24. 12 pairs of long slender bones that attach to the vertebrae is?
    Rib cage
  25. First 7 pairs of ribs are called? And they attach directly to what?
    True ribs. Attach directly to sternum and spine.
  26. The last set of 5 ribs are called? And where do they attach?
    False ribs. attach to cartilage of rib above or have only anterior attachment.
  27. Last 2 pairs of the false ribs are called? And where do they attach?
    Floating ribs. only attach to vertebrae.
  28. The breast bone is the?
    Sternum
  29. Joints are held together by bands of connective tissue called?
    Ligaments
  30. 3 most common forms of Arthritis?
    Gout, Fibromyalgia, Lupus
  31. What is caused by severe trauma or strain, degeneration of the intervertbral joints? Most common in adults.
    herniated disk (ruptured disk)
  32. Treatment for what would include rest, mild analgesics, and muscle relaxers?
    Lumbar Myositis
  33. What is compression of median nerve at the wrist?
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

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