PSY 101 EXAM 3

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PSY 101 EXAM 3
2010-12-06 18:04:06

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  1. Personality
    An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
  2. Grand Theories
    • Generated by early theorists aimed at explaining human nature.
    • Modern research focuses on specific components of personality such as traits, uniqueness, and concept of self.
  3. Psychoanalytic Perspective
    • Comprehensive theory of human personality proposed by Sigmund Freud.
    • Focus on unconcious, psychosexual stages, and defense mechanisms.
  4. The Unconscious Mind
    A reservoir of unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories which needs to accessed in order to understand human behavior.
  5. Accessing the Unconscious
    • Through free association, examination of slips of the tongue, and dream analysis
    • (Freudian Slips)
  6. Dreams
    The royal road to the unconscious
  7. Manifest Content
    The story of the dream, whatever you remember.
  8. Latent Content
    What the dream meant, determined by psychoanalyst
  9. Personality Structure
    Id, Ego, Superego
  10. Id
    Pleasure principle (Babies)
  11. Ego
    Reality principle: understanding that one does not always get what one wants
  12. Superego
    Expects perfections; that we should never do anything other than ideal; results in feeling guilt, telling us that we are bad
  13. Oral Psychosexual Stage
    • During breast feeding.
    • Oral Fixations: someone who continues to require oral stimulation
  14. Anal Psychosexual Stage
    • During potty training
    • Anal Retentive: Excessive attention to detail; punished for accidents; enjoying the control
    • Anal Expulsive: delights in the sensation of release; very messy, laid back, little attention to detail
  15. Phallic Psychosexual Stage
    • Penis
    • Oedipal Complex: males develop sexual feelings toward mother; seeing father as competition; Castration anxiety forms when son sees mother's lack of penis, identifying with father
  16. Latency Psychosexual Stage
  17. Genital Psychosexual Stage
    • Puberty
    • Center of sexual stimulation
  18. Personality Development
    Series of psychosexual stages: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital
  19. Ego Defense Mechanisms
    Repression, Regression, Reaction Formation, Projection, Rationalization, Displacement, Sublimation
  20. Repression
    Pushing out negative thoughts from consciousness
  21. Regression
    Regressing to a former state when there was less anxiety
  22. Reaction Formation
    I form an opinion to counteract something that reminds us of ourselves (if racist, acting in opposite way, anti-KKK)
  23. Projection
    My uncomfortable thoughts project onto someone else (Instead of hating them, they hate me)
  24. Rationalization
    Giving an explanation for uncomfortable feelings (like psych but failing, therefore, not liking psych)
  25. Displacement
    Acting out on someone else who is not the source of anxiety (Having a bad day and taking it out on someone else)
  26. Sublimination
    Taking anxiety and channeling it toward something artistic
  27. Neo-Freudians
    Alfred Adler, Karen Horney, Carl Jung
  28. Alfred Adler
    Inferiority Complex: comparing self to others can have a negative impact on self
  29. Karen Horney
    Balance between masculine and feminine
  30. Carl Jung
    Collective Unconscious: We can see things across cultures that are relatable
  31. Projective Tests
    Thematic Apperception Test and Rorschach Inkblot Tests
  32. Thematic Apperception Test
    Seeing a picture and telling a story about it
  33. Rorschach Inkblot Test
    Based on what the patient tells you, psychologist would say what it meant
  34. Humanistic Perspective
    Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers