Diabetes Medication (short version)

Card Set Information

Author:
kathleenagrace
ID:
53950
Filename:
Diabetes Medication (short version)
Updated:
2010-12-06 23:34:30
Tags:
nursing diabetes meds
Folders:

Description:
pharm
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kathleenagrace on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Insuling Lispro
    • Short Duration, Rapid Acting
    • Onset: 15 - 30 min
    • Peak: 30 - 2.5 hr
    • Dur: 3 - 6.5 hr
    • with meals for postprandial ↑BG
    • used concurrently with others
  2. Regular Insulin
    • Short Duration, Slower Acting
    • onset: 30 - 60 min
    • peak: 60m - 5 hr
    • duration: 6 - 10 hr
    • 30 min ac
  3. NPH Insulin
    • Intermediate Duration
    • onset: 60 - 120 min
    • peak: 6 - 14 hr
    • duration: 16 - 24 hr
    • control btwn meals & @night
    • č or š food
    • Protamine Allergy?
    • Cloudy
    • Mixable
  4. Insulin Glargine [Lantus]
    • Long Duration
    • onset: 70 min
    • peak: none!
    • duration: 24 hrs
    • steady control over 24 hrs
    • same time each day
    • usually @ hs č snack
    • do not mix
  5. Glucotrol
    • (like "oral insulin")
    • Sulfonylurea (Glipizide)
    • works in pancreas
    • ↑ insulin production
    • ↑ insulin response
    • with food, no alcohol
  6. Repaglinide [Prandin]
    • Meglitinide (Glinide)
    • like Sulfonylureas ("Glipizide, like "Glinide")
    • works in pancreas
    • ↑ insulin secretion
    • within 30 min of meals
  7. Metformin [Glucophage, Glumetza, Foramet, Riomet]
    • Biguanide ("B" for "Bedtime")
    • works in liver
    • ↓ glucose production
    • ↑ insulin response
    • ↓ basal and postprandial BG
    • (also good for those who skip meals)
    • ae: Lactic Acidosis
    • Take at night to ↑ absorption
  8. Rosiglitazone
    • Glitazones
    • R: insulin:response, ↓ resistance
    • Gl: Glucose:uptake, ↓ production
    • ae: Fluid Retention, ↑ Cholesterol
    • (avoid with HF)
  9. Acarbose [Precose]
    • α-Glucosidase Inhibitor
    • "Blocks the Carbs, Precursor to GAS"
    • ↓ carb digestion/absorption
    • ↓ postprandial BG
    • ↓ HgA1c
    • ae: Gas (GI distress), Liver Dysfxn (with long-term use)
    • with first bite of meal
  10. Glucagon
    Antidote: Insulin Overdose

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview