his story4 (acts, events, books).txt

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his story4 (acts, events, books).txt
2010-12-06 23:46:16
his story4 acts events books

his story4 (acts, events, books)
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  1. Dictatorship that embraces capitalism for the profit of the state rather than the individual. Central government should own and operate the big industries in their country (nationalization). Savage style of government in which political opposition was not tolerated.
  2. Was the group of people that helped Adolph Hitler overthrow the Germany government.
    National Socialism (Nazis)
  3. Hitler invades a strip of Land called ______. An area given to France after WW1. His argument is that the people in the Rhineland speak German, so they should be part of Germany. No one stopped that, not even France. He took it without a shot being fired.
  4. Area of Czechoslovakia. Hitler claimed they spoke German, but in reality this was not true. Britain and France hoped that Germany will not demand anything else.
  5. Britain and France called a meeting to discuss Hitler demands for Sudetenland. Hitler hosted this conference.
    Munich (conference)
  6. Pacify someone by agree to their demands. An Example: Giving a child what they want in hopes that they will not demand anything else. But it really teaches the child they can get whatever they want.
  7. Was written by Adolf Hitler while imprisoned for a while. He was involved in a failed conspiracy to overthrow the government of Germany in the 1920s. Hitler wrote this book, about his struggle. Told what he intended to do, but no one took it seriously or bothered to read it.
    Mein Kampf
  8. One Hell of a Business. It was encouraged by "Road to War".
    Walter Millius
  9. Merchants of Death. It was encouraged by "Road to War".
    Walter Millius
  10. By Walter Millius (NY journalist) questioned the reasoning why we went to war. Claim: America didn't go into the war for principle (to make the world safe for Democracy), but for profit.
    Road to War: America 1914-1917
  11. 1936. The city has been rebuilt as the most modern city in the world at the time. Hitler wanted to show this as well as German's athletic superiority.
    Berlin Olympics
  12. German-American Bund
  13. The two differences between the World Wars:
    • 1. The use of air power becomes incredibly significant in the Second World War.
    • 2. Because of increased technology the number of casualties and devastation is enormous.
  14. Union of Germany and Austria (Hitler moves to take Austria, and needs to define to himself as Aryan). Politically Hitler tries to demonstrate that the Austrians want this. He rigs an Austrian election. The argument is the same: the Austrians speak German.
  15. Was produced by Hans Bartsam. It was the film of the bombing in Poland.
    Baptism of Fire
  16. Invaded by the Japanese led a campaign of aggression, and the five Northern provinces of China and began to move south. Because: they believed Japan was crowded and needed space, dependency of other nations of raw materials, and becomes a campaign of liberation from foreign dependency. This was a concern because the Pacific was considered America's backdoor.
  17. Senate committee created to investigate whether claims were right and valid. The Nye committee will report that Millius is right. This make the already hesitant people more hesitant to get involved in the world. They don't trust government justification and will not support Roosevelt when he needs it.
    Gerald Nye (Committee)
  18. Passes with the belief that we cannot legislate ourselves out of a war. They prohibit an American citizen, business and government from providing any kind of assistance (financial, material, etc.) to nations at war.
    Neutrality Acts
  19. (Lightning War) introduced by the Germans, it meant very rapid troupe movement with superior air force.
  20. Ship sent by Roosevelt in December of 1937 on fact-finding tour. It drops anchor in the Yangtze River in China. It is clearly marked as an American ship, the ship of a neutral country.
  21. 1940. The first peacetime act (Roosevelt). This was to prepare for the inevitability of the war, but the people hate this.
    Burke-Wadsworth Bill
  22. Formed by Germany and the Soviet Union. Not an alliance, a promise of no war. It means that Stalin and Hitler
    Non-Aggression Pact
  23. Alliance signed by Hitler joined by his new alley Mussolini of Italy, Eduard Deladier.
    Axis Pact
  24. An alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan in September 1941
    Tripartite Pact
  25. German Air Force (for the Lighting War).
  26. Led by Winston Churchill. Strategy: bomb the air bases to prevent supplies from coming in. Begins July 1940-November 1940. It will be a siege that nearly becomes the end of Britain. He orders the British air force to attack Berlin. Physically doesn't do much damage, but it does psychologically. Hitler has promised the German people that Berlin will never be attacked, and now that happens. Hitler is furious.
    Battle of Britain
  27. Program that ship supplies from the US to the British (a violation of the neutrality act). Now this lend –lease is extended to the soviets.
  28. Japanese will attack in two waves. The first wave hits the American naval base at 7:55 am. The second waves follows an hour later. Within 2hours, the pacific fleet was in ruins. Pearl harbor has been leveled. This attack was planned by Isoruku Yamamoto.
    Pearl Harbor
  29. Importance: as a result of the Japanese plan to invade Australia was thwarted. America finally could see they were capable of winning a battle. It was a moral boost.
    Battle of the Coral Sea (May 1942)
  30. The turning point of the war, this was the last barrier before a Japanese invasion of the United Sates (California). (It's at a remote island from the Pacific, about 1800 miles from Hawaii). The battle protected the US. The Japanese lost 4 aircraft carriers. The Yorktown and Enterprise were significant in this accomplishment.
    Battle of the Midway Island (June 1942)
  31. Southern tip of Japanese home Island. The Japanese used civilians to fight by convincing them that the Americans are barbaric. The mothers and children commit suicide when the US soldiers came. In this battle the Japanese used a new weapon: the kamikaze
    Battle of Okinawa (April 1945)
  32. In the battle of Okinawa, Japanese used this new weapon to fight against American soldiers. As a result the US lost 10,000 men in a horrific battle. It's when a soldier (specifically an airforce soldier) suicides by diving into the the target. (A human bomb)
  33. Gives the president almost unlimited power to do what he has to do to fight the war.
    War Powers Board (Act)
  34. An ocean going vessel required six months to be build. ? reduced that tip to two days. Henry Kaiser created it.
  35. Hitler decided to turn his attention eastward to invade the Soviet Union in a surprise attack on June 1941. (this causes Stalin to become an alley of the British and later the US. This also brings US closer to the war)
    Operation Barbarossa
  36. A theoretical project to use radio-active material to build a weapon using the knowledge of Albert Einstein. Robert Oppenheimer is the one responsible for this scientific aspect.
    Manhatten Project (began 1939� $2 billion)
  37. June 1945. They test the Manhatten Project in a remote place to keep it secret.
    Trinity Test Site (White Sands, NM)
  38. (Remote Island). Use the air base at ______ to launch attack on Japan.
  39. Plane captained by Paul Tibetts. (It carried the atom bomb that is used for Hiroshima).
    Enola Gay
  40. Enola gay will reach _________8:16am on Aug 6, 1945. It drops a bomb of 12 kilotons that will detonate 1900 feet above the ground. (US to Japan)
    Hiroshima (Aug 6, 1945)
  41. America's second bomb site, an industrial city. Japan surrendered on the 15th of Aug 1945. (the United States is the only country that has used a weapon of mass destruction.
    Nagasaki (Aug 9, 1945)
  42. Coastline of France. It was where D-Day was taken place.
  43. Allied army led by Dwight Eisenhower launched an invasion at 4 points along the Normandy coastline of France. _____ is the day when the allies are ready to regain control of the European continent.
    D-Day (June 6, 1944)
  44. A massive attack on Berlin.
    Thousand Plane Raid (February 3, 1945)
  45. An attack on an industrial city in Germany� a 2-day operation, Feb 13-14, 1945. The British bomb by night, the Americans bomb by day. Allies were using incendiary bomb that set _______ aflame that created fire tornadoes that reached up to 150mph. the subway tunnels became convection ovens. People were literally baked alive
  46. Plane that drops atomic bombs in Hiroshima. Long range heavy bomber. Provides jobs by making these things (Billy Mitchell convinced Roosevelt that the only way we could defeat Japan was with a plane that flew long distances and could drop a heavy load.)
  47. First Cold War policy. 1947, it is introduced to aid Greece and Turkey in their resistance against communism. Initially, Truman asked congress for $400 million. By the time Greece and Turkey are saved, the US spent $660 million. It becomes broader policy: we are going to protect our interests wherever those interests are present and we will try to resist communism.
    Truman Doctrine
  48. Stop the spread of communism in Latin America, Africa and Asia
    Point Four
  49. Redesign Europe for economic rebuilding. US spent $12 billion. Europe is rebuilt and even better off than before the war. By George Marshall
    Marshall Plan (1948-1952)
  50. Soviet program to sabotage the Marshall Plan
  51. By 1949 the US pulls support from Chiang Kai-shek and his nationalist. Without help they cannot hang on. They are pushed off of the mainland onto an island called _______
    Formosa (Taiwan)
  52. North Korea
    Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  53. Proclaimed South Korea in 1948, supported by the UN and essentially US
    Republic of Korea
  54. The geographical line that splits North Korea from South Korea.
    38th Parallel
  55. An organization formed because of fear of communist conspiracy (like Bolshevism)
    H.U.A.C. (The House Unamerican Activities Committee)
  56. Enforcers
  57. A list of people or products viewed with suspicion or disapproval.
  58. Before the United States could go to war, there muss be a national referendum, a popular vote. This would have taken way too much time, not to mention the uninformed nature of the people.
    5th Amendment (Ludlow Amendment)
  59. Was a part of France during the Vietnam War. Composed of what would become Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
    French Indochina
  60. The movement, centered around the city of ?, was led by Ho Chi Minh, a Soviet trained communist, and his followers known as the Vietminh. It became the capital of Vietnam.
  61. French army sorroungded and forced to surrender at this place.
  62. Created a public government in the southern city of ______. Bao Dai is in charge
  63. In charge of the public government in the southern city of Saigon. Catholic
    Bao Dai
  64. Growing movement for independence led by Ho Chi Minh. Wanted independence from France.
  65. Pathet Lao
  66. A candidate for Vietnam. Did in essence what US wanted but problem is that he is a brutal dictator, naturally not very popular in Southern Vietnam. A bloodthirsty dictator.
    Ngo Dinh Diem
  67. Vietnam was divided along the ? with the U.S. supporting the Saigon regime and the Soviets and Chinese supporting Ho Chi Minh and the Hanoi government.
    17th Parallel
  68. In September 1945, the Vietminh proclaimed their independence as the ? with Ho Chi Minh as their leader and Hanoi their capital.
    Democratic Republic of Vietnam
  69. Domino Theory
  70. Flexible Response
  71. Limited War
  72. Suggested by J. Foster Dulles. The US will now rely upon air power to defend our nation: missiles, bombers, etc. We will announce to the world that any threat to our interests will muster a massive response and will not be tolerated. Any threat we receive will be met with everything we’ve got.
    Massive Retaliation
  73. In 1960, John Kennedy was elected President. Shortly after his inauguration, the ? disaster in Cuba takes place (April 1961) which humiliates the United States. Kennedy, embarrassed, now takes a tougher position against communism. This is evident in the Cuban Missile Crisis the following year (October 1962) and how he will deal with Vietnam.
    Bay of Pigs
  74. A communist, but better than Ngo Dinh Diem. A candidate for Vietnam.
    Ho Chi Minh Trail