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Type A blood agglutinates in the presence of what serum?
The A-antibody serum.
Type B blood agglutinated in the presence of what serum?
The B-antibody serum.
Type O does not have either cell surface or antigen, so it does not agglutinate with __ or __ serum.
Anti-A or Anti-B
Type AB blood agglutinates in the presence of which two serums?
Both anti-A and anti-B serums.
Transfusion reactions are caused by 3 things..
- 1. damage to blood vessels
- 2. blockage of blood vessels
- 3. release of harmful substances
What are some symptoms of a messed up transfusion? (5)
- 1. fever
- 2. damage to skin and internal organs
- 3. kidney failure
- 4. jaundice from hemoglobin breakdown products
- 5. shock! Circulatory failure! Usually fatal.
Drifting masses of agglutinated RBCs can plug __, __, __, and __ when there is mis-matched blood in a person's system.
Kidneys, lungs, heart, and brain.
What percent of the population will be Rh+.. as opposed to Rh-?
Under normal circumstances, no __ develop in the blood of either Rh+ or Rh- people.
__ occurs in Rh- people exposed for a second time to Rh+ blood.
What protein do Rh- people not have in their body?
the Rh protein
When an Rh- mother becomes sensitized by previous exposure to Rh+ blood and builds Rh antibodies and in a second pregnancy, anti-D antibodies of the mother cross placenta and enter fetal circulation. This is called....
Erythroblastosis fetalis or hemolytic disease of a newborn
Erythroblastosis fetalis may result in.. (5)
- 1. anemia
- 2. jaundice
- 3. central nervous system damage
- 4. heart failure
- 5. possible death