Card Set Information

2010-12-07 08:04:46

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  1. Echinacea
    used for its antiviral, immunostimulant, and arthritis treating ability
  2. Propranolol (Inderal)
    • prophaylactic agent
    • used to prevent a migraine headache.
  3. Butorphanol, Isomethepetene-dichloralphenzaone-acetaminophen, and Sumatriptan (Imitrex)
    used to abort a migraine headache.
  4. Amantadine (Symmetrel)
    used as a prophylaxis treatment for influenza A.
  5. Macrodrop IV Kit
    10, 15, and 20 gtt/mL
  6. Microdrip IV Kit
    60 gtt/mL
  7. Potentiation
    prolongs the action of a drug through the use of another drug.
  8. Synergism
    the effect of two drugs is greater than sum of the two medications.
  9. USP DI Volume I
    provides information on the labeled and unlabeled uses of medications.
  10. USP DI Volume II
    provides information to assist the pharmacist in counseling patients.
  11. USP DI Volume III
    contains state and federal requirement of medications.
  12. ASO
    an automatic stop order
  13. U-100 syringe
    will hold 1 mL of insulin, it is calibrated in 2-unit increments.
  14. Insulin
    • Regular insulin should be drawn up first if mixing with NPH
    • Regular insulin does not mix with Lente insulin
    • Glargine does not mix with any insulin
  15. Low-dose syringes
    calibrated in 1-unit increments.
  16. HCFA
    Health Care Financing Adminstration, is replaced by the Center for Medicad and Medicare Services (CMS).
  17. Water/oil emulsion base
    hydrous lanolin
  18. Oil/water emulsion base
    hydrophilic ointment
  19. Extemporaneous compounding
    compounding a specific product for a particular patient based on a physician's prescription or medication order.
  20. Home infusion therapy
    inlcudes analgesics, antineoplastics, and antibiotics.
  21. JCAHO
    Joint Commission on American Healthcare Organizations, accredits vairous health care organizations such as hospitals, long-term care facilities, home health care-suppliers, and home infusion pharmacies.
  22. Covera HS
    • verapamil
    • should be taken at the hour of sleep (HS) or bedtime.
  23. PTU
    • Propylthiouracil
    • used to treat hyperthyroidism
  24. The angle of insertion
    • subcutaneous injections: 45 degreess
    • intradermal injections: 10-15 degrees
    • intramuscular injection: 90 degrees
  25. Tuberculin syringes
    can hold volumes from 0.01 to 1.0 mL
  26. DAW number
    • DAW 0 is for billing purposes.
    • DAW 1: the physician wants the patients to receive the brand name drug
    • DAW 2: a physician has approved the usage of a genetic drug, but the patient is requesting the brand name.
  27. Cyanocobalamin
    Vitamin B12
  28. Pydridoxine
    Vitamin B6
  29. How many 4-oz bottles of an exempt narcotic may be purchased every 48 hr by an individual?
  30. When is trazodone contradicted?
    Young males receiving trazodone should be warned of experiencing a priapism (an erection).
  31. Cascara sagrade
    Used as a laxative
  32. Goldenseal
    Used for the immune system
  33. Disulfiram (Antabuse)
    • Used to treat patients suffering from alcohol abuse.
    • Stops the metabolism of alcohol at the aldehyde state, which causes aldehyde to accumulate in the body, can not drink alcohol.
  34. Used prophylactically for migraines
  35. Used as abortive therapies for migraine headache
    Imitrex, Midrin, Stadol
  36. Selective 5-HT receptor agoinst
    Imitrex, Maxalt, Zomig
  37. What is the name of the opening of a needle?
  38. CSAR
    Controlled Substance Administration Record, used to document controlled substance usage in a hospital or long-term care institution.
  39. Tessalon Perles (Benzonatate)
    Used as antitussive because they anesthetize the stretch receptors in the airway, lung, and pleura, but not the respiratory center.
  40. Noncompliance report
    A tool used to monitor saving/losses of a pharmacy, when a group purchasing organization (GPO) has negotiated specific prices for pharmaceutical products with a specific vendor.
  41. Deficiency in Vitamin
    • Vitamin A: night blindness, dry corneas, and inability of the epithelial cells to shed
    • Vitamin B1: causes beriberi
    • Vitamin C scurvy
    • Vitamin D rickets
  42. How long must a laminar air flow hood be on before being used?
    At least 30 min
  43. Colchicine
    Used to treat gout
  44. Nitrofurantoin (Macrobid, Furadantine, Macrodantin)
    • Antibiotic
    • Taken with food
  45. What disease may result in the formation of a goiter?
    Hyperthyroidism, over production of the thyroid of a goiter.
  46. Metronidazole (Flagyl)
    • Not drink alcohol
    • nitroimidazole antibiotic medication used particularly for anaerobic bacteria and protozoa.
  47. Which of the following topical corticosteroid dosage forms is more potent?
  48. Olopatadine (Patanol)
    antihistamine as well as anticholinergic
  49. Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
    treat the symptoms of schizophrenia
  50. Donepezil (Aricept)
    treat dementia
  51. Metaxalone (Skelaxin)
    a muscle relaxant
  52. Pulse dosing
    • Patient takes one capsule daily for 1 week, skip 3 weeks, and resume
    • Itraconzaole (Sporanox)
  53. Which DAW code is used when the physician writes �Brand Name Only� on the prescription?
  54. Capitation
    • A form of reimbursement used by insurance companies.
    • A pharmacy receives a predetermined amount of money for a patient regardless of the number of prescription filled or the value of the prescription each month.
  55. AAC
    • Actual acquisition cost
    • The pharmacy is reimbursed for what they actually paid for the medication after receiving discounts from either the manufacturer or wholesaler.
  56. Room Temperature
    15-30C, 59-86F
  57. Metronidazole
    • a nitroimidazole antibiotic medication used particularly for anaerobic bacteria and protozoa
    • avoid alcohol, take with food, take until gone
  58. Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
    Should not be given people younger than age 18, it will affect the formation of the tendons in the body and may result in temporary damage.
  59. OSHA
    The Occupational Safety and Health Act
  60. Inunction
    The process of rubbing a substance into the skin
  61. Discounted price, net price, and sale price
    Reflect a reduction in price
  62. Cromolyn
    is used to prevent the symptoms of asthma
  63. Catopril (Capoten)
    treat high blood pressure and heart failure.
  64. MAR
    • Medication Administration Record.
    • Nurses document the MAR
  65. What document must be completed for every employee hired by a pharmacy?
    I-9s, prove employee�s identity.
  66. Modified unit dose
    • A drug distribution system that combines unit-dose medication blister, packaged onto a multiple-dose card, instead of being placed into a box.
    • �punch cards, bingo cards, or blister cards�
    • May contain 30, 60, or 90 units on one card
  67. Azactam (aztreonam)
    A cephalosporin antibiotic
  68. Which reference book is included in the USO DI Volume III and contains the FDA�s approval drug products?
    Orange book
  69. Coring
    Refers to the fragments of a vial that contaminate a parenteral solution.
  70. Comminution
    The act of reducing a substance to small, fine particles.
  71. Sifting
    Used to combine powders
  72. Tumbling
    Is accomplished by combining powders in a bag.
  73. Phenytoin (Dilantin)
    An anticonvulsant,
  74. DAW 1
    The physician wants the patient to receive the brand name drug only
  75. DAW 2
    A physician approved the dispensing of a generic drug, but the patient requested the brand name drug.
  76. DAW 5
    The pharmacy has designated this drug as their generic drug of choice.
  77. What is the sensitivity of a Class A balance?
    6 mg
  78. Metamucil (Psyllium)
    • a bulk-forming laxative, is used to treat constipation
    • Lower cholesterol in the body
  79. CSAR
    Controlled Substance Administration Record
  80. Digoxin toxicity
    Arrhythmias, nausea, and vomiting, yellow-green halos around objects.
  81. INH
    • Isonizaid
    • Treat tuberculosis
  82. 80/20 Report
    • Velocity Report
    • Shows a detailed summary of your purchasing history.
    • Lists those products that reflect 80% of your purchasing dollars.
  83. Procardia (nifedipine)
    Ca channel blocker
  84. INH
  85. MS
    Multiple sclerosis
  86. NKA
    No known allergy
  87. NKDA
    No known drug allergy
  88. NTG
  89. PCN
  90. SOB
    Shortness of breath
  91. URI
    Upper respiratory infection
  92. How long is a schedule III valid from the time it is written?
    6 months
  93. What form is used to destroy controlled substances?
    DEA form 41
  94. What form is used to report the theft of controlled substances?
    DEA form 106
  95. What is the maximum number of different Schedule II medications that may be ordered at one time?
  96. Within how many days must an Accutane prescription be filled?
  97. The signa
    the directions to the patient
  98. the subscription
    directions to the pharmacist
  99. RX
    take this drug
  100. Tricare
    • a new program that replaced CHAMPUS.
    • health benefits program for dependents of men and women in the military
  101. CHAMPVA
    • Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Veterans Administration
    • covers the expense fo families of veterans with total, permanent service-conncected disabilities.
  102. IPA
    an individual practitioner association consisting of physicians
  103. Epilepsy
    a seizure disorder in which there is a hyperexcitability in some of the nerve cells of brain
  104. what will occur if a patient is taking both nitrates and sildenafil?
  105. What type of motar and pestle should be used in mixing liquids?
  106. What type of motars and pestles are used for triturating substances?
    porcelain and wedgwood
  107. Which government agency oversees OSHA?
    the Department of Labor
  108. Which department oversees the DEA?
    the Department of Justice
  109. Which of the fellowing type of patient should not receive a prescription for minocycline?
    pregnant women
  110. DSHEA, Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act
    classifies herbal products a s dietary supplements instead of drugs.
  111. "AF" on a patient;s medication chart
    would indicate that the patient suffers from artrial fibrillation which means that patient's heart is undergoing in excess of 350 beats/min.
  112. Atrial flutter
    a patient's heart beat is between 200 to 350 beats per minutes.
  113. What is essential in order to be prepared for handling cytotoxic drug spills?
    a chemo spill kit, includes disposable paper towels and latex gloves.
  114. A patient is taking phenazopyridine; what color may his or her urine become?
  115. COGS
    cost of goods sole
  116. Drug interations with oral contraceptives
    • Antibiotics and antifungals reduce the effectiveness
    • Benzodiazepines increase CNS effects of oral contraceptives.
    • Beta-blockers have no effect.
  117. What are the two most commonly used floor stock LVPs?
    D5W and Normal saline.
  118. How are the majority of medications counted in pharmacy?
    • pill tray and spatual
    • Baker cells and Pyxis are automated pharmacy systems.
  119. Which of the following medications would be dispensed using "pulse dosing"?
    Itraconazole (Sporanox), the patient takes the medication for 1 week, skips the medicaiton for 4 weeks, and then repeats the cycle.
  120. Overhead
    the sum of all of the expenses.
  121. INH
    isoniazid, used in the treatment of tuberculosis
  122. The abbreviations used in the treatment of HIV
    ddi, d4t, 3TC
  123. Another term for auxiliary label
    strip label
  124. A PPI must be provided to every patient receiving a RX for
    Accutane, estrogen, or progesterone products.
  125. Folic acid
    is necessary for the production of red blood cells.
  126. Pyridoxine
    is needed for amino acide and fatty acid and metabolism
  127. Thiamine
    is essential for the body's metabolism
  128. A pipette
    used to measure volumes of lliquids less than 1.5 mL
  129. Available transdermal dosage forms
    • Estrace (Vivelle and Climara)
    • Fentanyl (Duragesic)
    • nitroglycerin (Nitro-Dur, Nitrodisc, and Transderm Nitro)
  130. What is used as an antidote for heparin?
    Protamine sulfate
  131. a patient is taking warfarin, what products could he eat?
    • could eat oranges
    • can not eat Broccoli, legumes, and spinach
  132. the indication of overdosage of iron
    black stools
  133. Auxiliary labels for Dyazide or Maxzide
    may casue photosensitivity
  134. JIT
    just in time, the medication arriving in a pharmacy shortly before it is required.
  135. what type of diabetes may occur during pregnancy?
  136. what is net profit?
  137. MAC
    maximum allowable cost, used to calculate the amount that will be reimbrused from a third-party payer of a multisourcce drug.
  138. Black cohosh
    used to treat menopause or PMS
  139. Bilberry
    used for eye and vascular disorders
  140. Cat's claw
    anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, or immunosupportive
  141. Milk thistle
    used to treat liver disease or as an antioxidant.
  142. Eulexin
    used for prostate cancer
  143. Nolvadex
    breast cancer
  144. Megace
    breast cancer
  145. PCA
    patient-controlled analgesia
  146. For how long is a DEA Form 222 valid after it has been signed by the pharmacist-in-charge?
    60 days
  147. PTU
    Propylthiouracil, used in the treatment of hyperthyoidism
  148. DPT
    diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus, vaccine
  149. PTT
    prothrombin time
  150. TCN
  151. DOS
    Pericolace, emollient/lubricant laxatives
  152. DSS
    Colace, emollient/lubricant laxatives
  153. "triptan"
    • 5-HT (serotonin) receptor agoints
    • Imitrex (sumatriptan)
    • Zomig (zolmitriptan)
  154. Gross profit
    =retail price-cost of goods
  155. Cytotec
    • Misoprostol
    • synthetic prostaglandin E
    • used for NSAID-induced GI ulcers.
  156. Grand mal seizures
    also known as tonic-clonic seizures
  157. Zofran
    • Ondansetron
    • blocks serotonin
    • used for chemothearpeuitc-induced emesis
  158. Azathioprine (Imuran)
    • immunosuppressive agent
    • treat theumatoid arthritis
  159. Mixing different insulines
    • Regular insulin must be drawn up into a syringe first when mixing
    • Glargine insulin can not be mixed with any insulin
    • Lente insulin does not mix with Regular insulin
    • NPH insulin can be mixed with Regular insulin