Final Review Microbiology

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Sandrayang
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54120
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Final Review Microbiology
Updated:
2010-12-08 20:30:58
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Final Review Lecture
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Lecture
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  1. Guillain-Barre syndrome and Reye's syndrome are both:
    A) associated with influenza viruses
    B) accompanied by massive amounts of virus in the brain tissue
    C) due to adenoviruses
    D) transmitted chiefly by female mosquitos
    A) associated with influenza viruses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. All the following are considered forms of herpes simplex except:
    A) cold sores forming around the lips and nose
    B) liver damage developing in young adults
    C) herpes encephalitis, a brain disease that may occur in newborns
    D) genital herpes
    B) liver damage developing in young adults
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. All the following may be associated with measles except:
    A) sensitivity to light
    B) a red skin rash
    C) Koplik spots
    D) inflammation of the salivary glands
    D) inflammation of the salivary glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Orchitis may develop in:
    A) post-adolescent males who have mumps
    B) pre-pubescent females who contract German measles
    C) animals who contract smallpox
    D) children who have had influenza
    A) post-adolescent males who have mumps
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The MMR immunization program has significantly affected the annual incidence of all the following diseases except:
    A) Chickenpox
    B) German measles
    C) Rubeola
    D) Mumps
    A) Chickenpox
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The antibody important in allergy reactions is
    A) IgG
    B) IgA
    C) IgE
    D) IgM
    C) IgE
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The antibody that renders immunity to the fetus after passing across the placenta
    A) IgA
    B) IgG
    C) IgM
    D) IgE
    B) IgG
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. When individuals are vaccinated so that they produce antibodies to the antigens in the vaccine, they develop ________.
    A) naturally acquired active immunity
    B) naturally acquired passive immunity
    C) artificially acquired active immunity
    D) artificially acquired passive immunity
    C) artificially acquired active immunity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. When memory lymphocytes are re-stimulated by antigens to produce the same antibodies again, this is called:
    A) antitoxin production
    B) anamnestic response
    C) anaphylactic response
    D) allergic reaction
    B) anamnestic response
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The disease involving formation of autoantibodies
    A) poison ivy
    B) Grave's disease
    C) severe combined immunodeficiency
    D) bee venom allergy
    B) Grave's disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Most new cases of Hepatitis C are acquired by
    A) sexual contact
    B) raw oysters or other contaminated food
    C) IV drug use
    D) blood transfusion
    C) IV drug use
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Kaposi's sarcoma is:
    A) cancer of the lymphatic system
    B) T cell leukemia
    C) cancer of the blood vessels in skin
    D) cancer of the Kaposi cells
    C) cancer of the blood vessels in skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. A good way to monitor the progress of a patient with HIV is to test blood samples for:
    A) CD4 cell count
    B) number of viable HIV viruses
    C) white blood cell count
    D) HIV antibody titer
    A) CD4 cell count
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The HIV virus primarily attacks the helper T-cell because:
    A) helper T cells are present in many body fluids
    B) helper T cells have many CD4 receptor sites
    C) helper T cells have many envelope spikes for attachment
    D) helper T cells are the predominating white blood cell in blood
    B) helper T cells have many CD4 receptor s
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Opportunistic diseases that can arise in Stage 4 of HIV infection include all except:
    A) Botulism
    B) Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    C) Mycobacterium avium complex
    D) Pneumocysitis carinii pneumonia
    A) Botulism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Penicillin is useless for the treatment of primary atypical pneumonia because the causative organisms
    A) are gram-negative
    B) develop resistance rapidly
    C) grow only within the cells
    D) have no cell wall
    D) have no cell wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. All the following are bacterial diseases of the lower respiratory tract except
    A) Legionnaires' disease
    B) tuberculosis
    C) pertussis (whooping cough)
    D) Klebsiella pneumonia
    C) pertussis (whooping cough)

    pertussis is a bronchitis - upper respiratory tract infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is commonly found in skin and intestinal flora, and in tap water. It can cause all except:
    A) skin infection in burn patients
    B) pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patients
    C) conjunctivitis from contaminated mascara
    D) food borne toxin poisoning in canned foods
    D) food borne toxin poisoning in canned foods
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which one of the following complications is not associated with E. coli O157:H7?
    A) rice water stools
    B) hemorrhagic colitis
    C) hemolytic uremic syndrome
    D) colonic perforation
    A) rice water stools
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. All the following apply to Lyme disease except
    A) ECM rash at bite site occurs frequently
    B) the etiologic agen is Borrelia burgdorferi
    C) the disease is named for a town in New Hampshire
    D) transmission is by the deer tick vector
    C) the disease is named for a town in New Hampshire

    the disease was actually discovered in Lyme, CT
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of these infections is not a dermatomycosis?
    A) Tinea pedis
    B) sporotrichosis
    C) ringworm
    D) Tinea cruris
    B) sporotrichosis

    dermatomycosis only infects superficial skin, nails, and hair.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Most systemic mycoses are transmitted by:
    A) ingesting spores
    B) person to person contact
    C) direct contact with spores
    D) inhalation of spores from the environment
    D) inhalation of spores from the environment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The following is true of all systemic mycoses which we discussed in class except they:
    A) are all dimorphic
    B) can be diagnosed by fungus culture on bronchoscopy
    C) can either body through inhalation of spores
    D) often progress to meningitis
    D) often progress to meningitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. All of the following may be associated with Candida albicans except:
    A) vulvovaginitis
    B) cutaneous candidiasis
    C) pneumonia
    D) thrush
    C) pneumonia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The fungi that can cause serious pulmonary infections that are seen in Wisconsin are:
    A) blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and aspergillosis
    B) aspergillosis, blastomycosis, and coccidiomycosis
    C) coccidiomycosis, blastomycosis and aspergillosis
    D) histoplasmosis, coccidiomycosis, and aspergillosis
    A) blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and aspergillosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Trichomonas vaginalis most commonly causes:
    A) chronic vaginitis
    B) urethritis in males
    C) PID sterility in females
    D) prostatits in males
    A) chronic vaginitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. In which life cycle do the larva enter through the skin?
    A) Nector americanus
    B) Diphylloborthrium latum
    C) Trichinella spiralis
    D) Enterobius vermicularis
    A) Nector americanus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Head lice usually attach their nits to:
    A) hairs approximately 3-4 inches from the scalp
    B) the scalp by the ears
    C) areas of the body with widely spaced hairs
    D) hair very close to the scalp of the back of the neck
    D) hair very close to the scalp of the back of the neck
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Scabies is caused by:
    A) the body louse
    B) the dog or cat hookworm
    C) the itch or mange mite
    D) the crab louse
    C) the itch or mange mite
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The following are true of Plasmodium sp., except
    A) can cause serious spleen and liver damage
    B) there are four different species of Plasmodium
    C) periodic spiking fevers are main symptoms
    D) acquired through the bite of a tick
    D) acquired through the bite of a tick
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Typical signs of Lyme disease is a red rash and weeks later swelling of large joints
    a) true
    b) false
    a) true

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