Lecture test _4.txt
Card Set Information
Lecture test _4.txt
What is another word for the chemical breakdown of food?
What is the enzyme that breaks down food in the mouth?
What mechanically breaksdown food in the mouth?
How old are you when you get your first tooth?
4 to 6 months
How old are you when you get your first set of teeth?
2 years old
How many teeth are your first set of teeth?
20 - 10 on bottom, 10 on top - deciduous teeth, Baby's, milk, primary teeth.
How old are you when you get your first loose tooth?
5 years old
How many teeth do you end up with as an adult?
32 - 16 on bottom, 16 on top.
What is the bulk of the tooth made of, that is a bone like material?
What is the average amount of calcium needed to keep your dentin production up?
10mg per deciliter of blood
What is the outer-coating of the tooth below the gum line?
What is the outer-coating of the tooth above the gum line?
Drinking 8 ounces of drinking water is enough of what to keep up your enamel?
What is the hollow space inside your tooth that have blood vessels and nerves?
What is another name for your gums?
Gingivitis is known as what?
Inflammation of the gums
What is another name for cavities?
What is the bacteria that causes cavities?
What are some of the causes of cavities (6)?
lack of proper brushing
lack of proper flossing
lack of going to the dentist
tartar build up
Build up of plaque
How can you prevent/treat cavities?
Brush more often
Floss more often
Go to dentist 2 times per year
What is the virus that causes the mumps?
How many salivary glands do you have?
What are the largest of your salivary glands called and where are they located?
Parotids, in the jaw bone
That is the name of vaccine that prevents the mumps?
MMR - Measles, Mumps and Rubella
Inflammation of the testicles is known as what?
Inflammation of the ovaries is known as what?
The throat begins at what part in the back of the mouth?
The throat also known as what?
What is an involuntary, smooth muscle averging 9 inches in length?
True or False: Your tonsils or Adenoids can grow back if some of the tissue is left after surgery.
At the end of the esophagus, opening the stomach what is the name of the value?
Cadiac Sphinter valve
At the closing of the stomach, opening the small intestine what is the name of the valve?
Pyloric Sphinter valve
What gives your stomach more surface area?
Narrowing of the pyloric sphinter Valve is know as what?
What is the average PH of Hcl inside the stomach?
What is the amount of time for food to go from mouth to anus?
What is the average amount of time for the stomach to empty?
What is the name of the enzyme that is secreted by the stomach?
What does pepsin digest?
Name 3 funtions of Hcl
inactivates salivary amylase
breaks down foreign debris
What is the function of the small intestine?
to absorb nutrients
How long is the small intestine?
15 to 20 feet
What is the first section of the small intestine called?
How long is the duodenum and what shape does it form?
10 to 12 inches, a c shape
This organ is a reservoir for bile and secretes it thru the cystic duct.
This organ secretes bile thru the hepatic duct.
This organ is a 2 fold organ, secreting enzymes and hormones.
As an Exocrine organ the pancreas secretes 3 enzymes what are they?
lipase, amylase, trypsin
As an Endocrine organ the pancreas secretes 2 hormones what are they?
glocogon, produced by the alpha cells of the islands of langherhans
insulin, produced by the beta cells of the islands of langherhans
What is the name of the 2nd portion of the small intestine?
jejunum - has the most villi
What is the 3rd section of the small intestine?
Name the valve between the small intestine and the colon.
Ilio-cecal sphinter valve
This organ is located between the small intestine and the colon, can be removed with surgery and you don't need it to live.
What is the function and average length of the large intestine?
Absorption of water, elemenation and storage of feces. avg 5ft in length.
Starting on the right side of your body, with the first portion of the large intestine, name the 5 different parts.
Name some of the causes of constipation
reduced perstalsis in colon
Name some of the causes of diarrhea
increased perstalsis in the colon
too much liquids